Fuzhou, the center for the Eastern Min dialect group
Eastern Min, or Min Dong (simplified Chinese: 闽东语; traditional Chinese: 閩東語; pinyin: Mǐndōngyǔ; Foochow Romanized: Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄), is a variety in the Min group.
The variety is mainly spoken in the eastern part of Fujian Province in P.R.China, in and near Fuzhou and Ningde. It is also widely encountered as the mother tongue on the Matsu Islands, Republic of China.
Fuzhou is the capital and largest city of Fujian province, so the Fuzhou dialect is considered the standard form of the Eastern Min dialect group, widely cited as the most representative variety.
As this area has been a historical homeland of a large worldwide diaspora of overseas Chinese, varieties of Eastern Min can also be found across the world, especially in their respective Chinatowns. Among cities with high concentrations of such immigrants include New York City, especially Little Fuzhou, Manhattan; Sunset Park, Brooklyn; and Flushing, Queens; various Chinatown communities in Europe, including London, Paris, and Prato in Italy; additionally, in Asia, Ikebukuro in Tokyo, as well as Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia.
The ISO 639-3 abbreviation for Eastern Min is cdo.
The Eastern Min group is conventionally divided into three branches:
- Houguan dialect subgroup (侯官片), including the Fuzhou dialect, Fuqing dialect, Lianjiang dialect and the dialect of the Matsu Islands.
- Funing dialect subgroup (福寧片), including the Ningde dialect and the Fu'an dialect.
- Mango dialect (蠻講), spoken in parts of Taishun and Cangnan, Wenzhou, Zhejiang.
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