Mina Salman

Coordinates: 26°12′04″N 50°36′25″E / 26.201°N 50.607°E / 26.201; 50.607
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Mina Salman Port
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Coordinates26°12′04″N 50°36′25″E / 26.201°N 50.607°E / 26.201; 50.607
Operated byGeneral Organisation of Sea Ports — Bahrain
Type of harbourNatural
Land area80 hectares
No. of berths15[2]
Annual cargo tonnage2.5 million[2]
Annual revenueBD 49,854 2009[3]
Mina Salman Port

Mina Salman (Arabic: ميناء سلمان ) is a seaport located in Manama, Bahrain. Mina Salman was a natural harbour prior to the establishment in 1962 of the port covering 80 hectares.[4] It is the primary cargo port and customs point of Bahrain.[5] The port has 15 container berths, enabling it to handle 2.5 million tonnes a year.[2]

The port is part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast to the south via the southern tip of India to Mombasa, from there through the Red Sea via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean, there to the Upper Adriatic region to the northern Italian hub of Trieste with its rail connections to Central Europe, Eastern Europe and the North Sea.[6][7]


The port is named after Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa I, the grandfather of the current King.[8]


The Manama harbour, where Mina Salman is now located, was first mentioned in Islamic texts that have been dated to 1345 AD.[9] The area was occupied in 1521 by the Portuguese, and the Persians gained control in 1602. The current Al Khalifa dynasty have ruled the country since 1783.[9] The harbour was not suitable for ocean liners, with reports of ships having to anchor up to 6 km offshore.[9] Approach channels were built in 1954, and a pier was built in 1956, which was mainly used by dhows.[8] In 1958, it became a free port and in 1962, a deep water wharf composed of six berths was constructed.[9] The wharf allowed cargo to be directly loaded onto the port for the first time. In the 1960s, the port had refrigeration, storage facilities and equipment for handling large ships.[9]

In 1975, 1.5 million tonnes of cargo was handled in the port, which led to severe overcrowding.[10][11] This led the Bahraini government to launch a series of expansions in the next decade, including the opening of the Mina Salman Container Terminal in 1979.[11] The port was also the only port in the Persian Gulf to be completely operated by citizens, rather than foreign workers.[11] Over 75% of the port's cargo is containerised.[5]

On 6 December 2014, the United Kingdom's Defence Secretary Michael Fallon announced that an agreement had been signed with Bahrain to establish a permanent Royal Navy base at Mina Salman, HMS Jufair. The new base would serve to support Royal Navy ships operating in the Persian Gulf, in addition to the Royal Navy mine hunter force already based in Bahrain.[12] Work began on construction in October 2015.[13] On 5 April 2018, the UK Naval Support Facility was officially opened by Bahraini Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa and Britain's Prince Andrew.[14]


The port consists of an 800m finger pier, which comprises 10 berths. Three additional 200m conventional berths are located next to the finger pier and two 300m container berths with a depth of 11m.[11] An Outer arm quay of 285m, alongside a 7m depth draught and storage space consists of 10 sheds plus additional open storage and container storage areas totaling 538,000m sq, are present.[4] The cargo handling area covers an area of 60,000m sq.[9][15]


  1. ^ "UNLOCODE (BH) - BAHRAIN". service.unece.org. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Logistics and Infrastructure". Bahrain Economic Development Board. Archived from the original on 24 June 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Shipping & Seamen Registration – 2009 Statistics". GOSP Bahrain. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Mina Salman Port". General Organisation of Sea Ports — Bahrain. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Ports of Bahrain". Bahrain: GOP. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  6. ^ Bahrain aims high again
  7. ^ The Dubai City-Port growth model: The origins of a model of reference
  8. ^ a b "Mina Sulman". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Mina Salman". World Port Source. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  10. ^ "Mina Salman" (PDF). Gateway Newsletter. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d "Mina Sulman Port Information" (PDF). alsharifbahrain.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  12. ^ "UK to establish £15m permanent Mid East military base". BBC News. 6 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  13. ^ "UK builds first permanent Middle East base for 40 years". BBC News. November 2015.
  14. ^ "UK opens Persian Gulf military base in Bahrain". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Bahrain Ports: Past, Present and Future" (PDF). General Organisation of Sea Ports — Bahrain. Retrieved 7 July 2012.