Minamisatsuma

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Minamisatsuma
南さつま市
Minamisatsuma City Hall
Minamisatsuma City Hall
Flag of Minamisatsuma
Official seal of Minamisatsuma
Location of Minamisatsuma in Kagoshima
Location of Minamisatsuma in Kagoshima
Minamisatsuma is located in Japan
Minamisatsuma
Minamisatsuma
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°25′1″N 130°19′22″E / 31.41694°N 130.32278°E / 31.41694; 130.32278Coordinates: 31°25′1″N 130°19′22″E / 31.41694°N 130.32278°E / 31.41694; 130.32278
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureKagoshima
First official recorded533 AD
As city settled for KasedaJuly 15, 1954
Current city name changed forNovember 7, 2005
Government
 • MayorTeruo Honbo (since November 2009)
Area
 • Total283.30 km2 (109.38 sq mi)
Population
 (May 31, 2011)
 • Total39,012
 • Density137.71/km2 (356.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address2648 Kaseda Kawabata, Minamisatsuma-shi, Kagoshima-ken
897-8501
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.minamisatsuma.lg.jp
Symbols
FlowerFarfugium japonicum
TreePodocarpus macrophyllus

Minamisatsuma (南さつま市, Minamisatsuma-shi) is a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. It is on the western (East China Sea) side of the Satsuma Peninsula.

As of May 31, 2011, population data, the city has an estimated population of 39,012 with 18,711 households and a population density of 137.71 persons per km². The total area is 283.30 km².

The modern city of Minamisatsuma was established on November 7, 2005, from the merger of the old city of Kaseda, with the town of Kinpō (from Hioki District), and the towns of Bonotsu, Kasasa and Ōura (all from Kawanabe District).

Previous mergers (as listed in the Kawanabe District, Kagoshima Wikipedia article included:

  • July 15, 1954 - The towns of Kaseda and Bansei were merged to create the city of Kaseda. (3 towns, 3 villages)
  • January 1, 1925 The village of Higashikaseda was elevated to town status and renamed to become the town of Bansei. (4 towns, 4 villages)
  • January 1, 1924 - The village of Kaseda was elevated to town status to become the town of Kaseda.(3 towns, 5 villages)
  • April 1, 1889 - Due to the municipal status enforcement, the villages of Kaseda, Nishikaseda, Higashikaseda, Higashinanpo, Nishinanpo, Katsume and Kawanabe were formed in Kawanabe District. (7 villages)

Bansei Tokkō Peace Museum is located in the Kawanabe District of this city.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Minamisatsuma has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, and is heavier in summer, especially the months of June and July. The average annual temperature in Minamisatsuma is 18.0 °C (64.4 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,454.0 mm (96.61 in) with June as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.9 °C (82.2 °F), and lowest in January, at around 8.3 °C (46.9 °F).[1] Its record high is 36.2 °C (97.2 °F), reached on 19 August 2013, and its record low is −4.6 °C (23.7 °F), reached on 11 February 1996.[2]

Climate data for Kaseda, Minamisatsuma (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
23.9
(75.0)
25.3
(77.5)
28.8
(83.8)
31.6
(88.9)
34.1
(93.4)
35.6
(96.1)
36.2
(97.2)
34.9
(94.8)
33.0
(91.4)
28.3
(82.9)
24.9
(76.8)
36.2
(97.2)
Average high °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.9
(57.0)
16.9
(62.4)
21.0
(69.8)
24.8
(76.6)
27.4
(81.3)
31.3
(88.3)
32.3
(90.1)
29.8
(85.6)
25.5
(77.9)
20.4
(68.7)
15.1
(59.2)
22.6
(72.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54.0)
16.3
(61.3)
20.1
(68.2)
23.5
(74.3)
27.3
(81.1)
27.9
(82.2)
25.1
(77.2)
20.3
(68.5)
15.1
(59.2)
10.2
(50.4)
18.0
(64.3)
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
4.4
(39.9)
7.3
(45.1)
11.4
(52.5)
15.6
(60.1)
20.2
(68.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.3
(75.7)
21.3
(70.3)
15.6
(60.1)
10.1
(50.2)
5.3
(41.5)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.2
(32.4)
6.5
(43.7)
11.7
(53.1)
16.7
(62.1)
17.6
(63.7)
11.4
(52.5)
4.8
(40.6)
0.4
(32.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 93.2
(3.67)
118.7
(4.67)
167.0
(6.57)
195.4
(7.69)
189.6
(7.46)
514.2
(20.24)
337.3
(13.28)
219.9
(8.66)
276.3
(10.88)
104.8
(4.13)
127.2
(5.01)
110.5
(4.35)
2,454
(96.61)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.2 10.5 13.2 10.7 9.9 15.4 11.5 10.8 10.5 8.0 9.2 10.2 131.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.5 111.2 148.7 165.6 166.6 99.1 172.7 198.8 162.7 174.4 135.8 110.2 1,742.3
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2][1]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data, the population of Minamisatsuma in 2020 is 32,887 people.[3] Minamisatsuma has been conducting censuses since 1920. The city's population peaked in 1945 at more than 90,000 people; the city's population has steadily declined since then. Until 2020, the city's population is still showing no signs of picking up.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 68,929—    
1925 70,176+1.8%
1930 73,456+4.7%
1935 71,758−2.3%
1940 70,592−1.6%
1945 90,328+28.0%
1950 89,852−0.5%
1955 85,625−4.7%
1960 78,091−8.8%
1965 69,206−11.4%
1970 59,584−13.9%
1975 54,759−8.1%
1980 52,604−3.9%
1985 50,871−3.3%
1990 48,113−5.4%
1995 45,845−4.7%
2000 43,979−4.1%
2005 41,677−5.2%
2010 38,706−7.1%
2015 35,439−8.4%
2020 32,887−7.2%
Minamisatsuma population statistics[3]

List of mergers in Minamisatsuma[edit]

Kaseda[edit]

Kaseda (加世田市; -shi) was a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on July 15, 1954. As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 23,740 and the density of 251.56 persons per km². The total area was 94.37 km². On November 7, 2005, Bōnotsu, was merged to create Minamisatsuma and no longer exists as an independent municipality.

Kinpō[edit]

Kinpō (金峰町, Kinpō-chō) was a town located in Hioki District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 8,099 and the density of 112.10 persons per km². The total area was 72.25 km². On November 7, 2005, Kinpō, was merged to create Minamisatsuma and no longer exists as an independent municipality.

Bonotsu[edit]

Bōnotsu (坊津町, Bōnotsu-chō) was a town located in Kawanabe District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 4,387 and the density of 113.62 persons per km². The total area was 38.61 km². On November 7, 2005, Bōnotsu, was merged to create Minamisatsuma and no longer exists as an independent municipality.

Kasasa[edit]

Kasasa (笠沙町, Kasasa-chō) was a town located in Kawanabe District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 3,585 and the density of 89.89 persons per km². The total area was 39.88 km². On November 7, 2005, Bōnotsu, was merged to create Minamisatsuma and no longer exists as an independent municipality.

Ōura[edit]

Ōura (大浦町, Ōura-chō) was a town located in Kawanabe District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 2,802 and the density of 73.37 persons per km². The total area was 38.19 km². On November 7, 2005, Bōnotsu, was merged to create Minamisatsuma and no longer exists as an independent municipality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Minamisatsuma population statistics

External links[edit]