Mindelo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is an old revision of this page, as edited by 79.169.71.69 (talk) at 00:19, 20 March 2013. The present address (URL) is a permanent link to this revision, which may differ significantly from the current revision.

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mindelo

Mindel’
Mindelo view from Monte Verde
Mindelo view from Monte Verde
Nickname(s): 
Morada
Country Cape Verde
MunicipalitySão Vicente (seat)
ParishNossa Senhora da Luz (seat)
Founded1795
Area
 • Total67 km2 (26 sq mi)
Elevation
(Center)
61 m (203 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total70,430
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Postal code
2110, 2111, 2115
Area code(s)230, 231, 232, 233
ResidentsMindelense m, pl
WebsiteOfficial website

For the parish in Portugal, see Mindelo, Portugal

Mindelo (Mindel’ in Cape Verdean Creole), is a port city in the northern part of the island of São Vicente in Cape Verde. Mindelo is also the seat of the parish of Nossa Senhora da Luz, and this island's municipality. The city is home to 92.6% of the entire island's population.

History

Downtown Mindelo seen from 'Gud'

There was a coal station in Mindelo during the times of steam navigation by the British. Mindelo is a cosmopolitan city. The Randall coal company was established at the shipping routes of Europe, South Africa, India, Australia and Africa and South America. In the beginning of 1875, the firm named Cory Brothers plummeted coal prices which increased the number of ships to 669 per year in 1879. When more ports were built in Dakar, Senegal and in the Canary Islands, the number of ships declined but increased to serve about 2,000 ships per year in the 20th century. In 1952, the coal camps were eliminated as boats switched to diesel.

In 1885, Mindelo was the switching station for the first Trans-Atlantic telegraph cable. In 1912, Mindelo became an important cable station in the world.

Mindelo became the cultural capital of the Portuguese-speaking country/state along with the Lusophone capital in 2003. Mindelo is also considered as the cultural capital of Cape Verde.

Geography

Harbor of Mindelo

The town is surrounded by mountains. A tan-colored deforested mountain lies to the east, and the smaller Vigia mountain defines the west edge of the town. To the south lies a range of brown deforested mountains Monte Cara, and the Morro Branco peak lies to the northwest. The town is crossed by a river named Ribeira Julião.

A little lower is another urban sprawl named Lazareto which is much smaller and touches the lower parts of the Monte Cara.

Mindelo's deep-water port, Porto Grande, is connected to Mindelo Bay, an underwater volcanic crater, and is used for cruise ships and other commercial traffic. The Ilhéu dos Pássaros, an islet at the entry of the Porto Grande, is 82 m (269 ft) above sea level and has a lighthouse. There is a ferry boat named Mar d'Canal that goes from Mindelo to Santo Antão and back twice a day, carrying up to 450 passengers and about a hundred cars and trucks.

Economy

Its economy consists mainly of business, fishing, shipping, boating and more commonly tourism which developed more recently. Mindelo has several hotels including:

Sites of interest

Porto Grande
Palácio do Governador
  • Palácio do Governador (Governor's Palace) has a beautiful colonial architecture. It was constructed with two floors and is well preserved. It used the building style that is represented from India.
  • Paço do Concelho – where it serves the city hall of the entire island
  • Centro Nacional de Artesanato is an exposition which features qualification from Cape Verdean craftsmen. It also serves prominence in workmanship in paintings, ceramics, fabrics of batique and wooden works.
  • Liceu Ludjero Lima (middle school) also has a beautiful colonial architecture

Other

Mindelo has schools, high schools, some parks, banks and a few squares praças. The nearest airport is founded in the southwest near São Pedro.

The town is known for its colourful and animated carnaval celebrations. Carnaval has its roots in Portuguese traditions and has also absorbed some Brazilian characteristics.

Demography

According to 2010 data, Mindelo has a population of 70,468 inhabitants (50,000 in the mid-1990s) and is the second largest city in Cape Verde after Praia.

Population of the city of Mindelo (1990–2010)[1]
1990 2000 2010
47109 62497 70468

Climate

Climate data for Minedlo, Cape Verde
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
24
(75)
25
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Average relative humidity (%) 66 65 65 65 67 69 70 73 74 72 68 66 68
Source: [2]

Communications

Transportation

Sporting teams

Famous People from Mindelo

Nearest communities

Twin towns

See also

References

  1. ^ Source: City Population, citing the Instituto Nacional de Estatísticas.
  2. ^ "Weather Base". Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  3. ^ List of Portuguese twin-towns - page 383

External links

References