Mineola, Texas

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Mineola, Texas
Downtown Mineola
Downtown Mineola
Location of Mineola, Texas
Location of Mineola, Texas
Wood County Mineola.svg
Coordinates: 32°39′10.4″N 95°28′49.1″W / 32.652889°N 95.480306°W / 32.652889; -95.480306Coordinates: 32°39′10.4″N 95°28′49.1″W / 32.652889°N 95.480306°W / 32.652889; -95.480306
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyWood
Incorporated (city)1877
Area
 • Total10.45 sq mi (27.07 km2)
 • Land10.28 sq mi (26.61 km2)
 • Water0.18 sq mi (0.46 km2)
Elevation
417 ft (127 m)
Population
 • Total4,823
 • Density463.84/sq mi (179.09/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
75773
Area code903
FIPS code48-48648
GNIS feature ID1341708[3]
Websitewww.Mineola.com

Mineola is a city in the U.S. state of Texas in Wood County. It lies 26 miles north of Tyler. Its population was 4,823 at the 2020 census.[2]

The town was incorporated as the railroads arrived in 1873. A railroad official, Ira H. Evans, combined the names of his daughter, Ola, and her friend, Minnie Patten, to create the city name Mineola.[4]

History[edit]

Mineola came into existence when the railroads built lines through the eastern part of the state. In 1873, the Texas and Pacific and the International-Great Northern raced to see which could get to Mineola first. The I-GN reached the finish 15 minutes earlier. A city government was organized in 1873, a post office opened in 1875, and the town was incorporated in 1877, but a fire in the 1880s destroyed 18 buildings. The town's oldest paper, the Mineola Monitor, was founded in 1876. By 1890, the town had seven churches, several schools including a black free school, hotels, banks. In 1895, Mineola became the site of the Wood County Fair.

Since Mineola was in the heart of the East Texas timber belt, timber was plentiful for making railroad ties and lumber. Mineola provided most of the ties to complete the T&P RR west to El Paso in 1879; S. Zuckerman, a Mineola resident, filled contracts for 85,000 ties that were used in the construction.[5] During the community's first 60 years, farm products included cotton, livestock, fruit, and berries. A chair factory opened in 1886, became a crate and basket factory in 1900, and operated until 1952. Highway improvement, the Magnolia Pipeline Company gas line, and the establishment of a railroad terminal caused growth during the 1920s, and the discovery of oil in parts of Wood County and construction of a T&P railroad shop spurred the economy during the 1940s. Diversified farming gave way to cattle raising and watermelon crops by 1950. The Mineola Watermelon Festival began in 1948. Subsequently, sweet-potato farming, a creamery, a nursery, and a company that supplies poles and pulpwood to the telephone company helped the economy.

The town remains a shipping center. The Mineola Memorial Library, largely financed by H. W. Meredith, was completed in 1960. Nearby Lake Holbrook, also completed in 1962, attracts residents and visitors. The Meredith Foundation has provided large sums for educational and cultural purposes since 1962. Meredith Hall Civic Center, completed in 1977, is used by large and small groups for varied events. The manufacture of women's clothing, sporting goods, electronic connectors, fertilizer, and cattle feed, and the packaging of dry beans and meat provide employment for many people. The Wood County Airport, 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) north of Mineola, was completed in 1984. A new city hall complex was completed in 1986, and a two-school facility was completed in 1987.

Geography[edit]

Mineola is located at 32°39′10.4″N 95°28′49.1″W / 32.652889°N 95.480306°W / 32.652889; -95.480306. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.339 sq mi (26.78 km2), of which 10.161 sq mi (26.32 km2) are land and 0.178 sq mi (0.46 km2) is covered by water.[6]

Climate[edit]

Mineola enjoys weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring. Mineola's humid subtropical climate is typical of the Southeast United States.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C (°F) 14 (58) 16 (62) 19 (66) 24 (76) 28 (83) 32 (90) 34 (94) 35 (95) 31 (88) 26 (80) 18 (66) 15 (60) 25 (77)
Avg low °C (°F) 3 (39) 5 (41) 7 (46) 12 (54) 16 (62) 21 (71) 22 (73) 22 (72) 18 (65) 13 (57) 7 (45) 4 (40) 13 (56)
Avg. # of Rainy days 6 5 5 6 6 3 3 2 3 4 5 5 58
Source: WeatherBase.com

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,175
18901,33313.4%
19001,72529.4%
19101,706−1.1%
19202,29934.8%
19303,30443.7%
19403,223−2.5%
19503,62612.5%
19603,8105.1%
19703,9263.0%
19804,34610.7%
19904,321−0.6%
20004,5505.3%
20104,515−0.8%
20204,8236.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
Mineola racial composition as of 2020[7]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3,081 63.88%
Black or African American (NH) 453 9.39%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 17 0.35%
Asian (NH) 31 0.64%
Some Other Race (NH) 3 0.06%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 146 3.03%
Hispanic or Latino 1,092 22.64%
Total 4,823

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,823 people, 1,686 households, and 1,021 families residing in the city. The population density was 463.84 inhabitants per square mile (179.09/km2). The 2,086 housing units[10] averaged 376.5 per square mile (145.4/km2). Of the 1,686 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were not families. About 30.1% were made up of individuals, and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.48, and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the age distribution was 23.7%[11] under 18, 9.39%[11] from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.84%[11] who were 65 or older. The median age was 39.1 years.[11] For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males.[11] For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,000, and for a family was $37,528. Males had a median income of $29,938 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,945. About 16.2% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.


Religion[edit]

First Baptist Church
  • First Baptist Mineola is one of the largest churches in the Wood County area, with enrollment record around 850.[citation needed]
  • Sand Springs Baptist Church is located just west of Mineola. The church has a regular Sunday attendance around 350.[citation needed]
  • Broad Street Church of Christ
  • Mineola First United Methodist Church
  • New Hope Baptist Church
  • St. Paul Missionary Baptist Church, founded October 1871, in Mineola
  • Johnson Chapel United Methodist Church
  • Sidney Temple Church of God
  • East Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
  • St. Peter the Apostle Roman Catholic Church is a parish of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tyler.

Sports[edit]

The Mineola Black Spiders were a non-league barnstorming African-American baseball team. In 2010, the Texas Historical Commission erected a historical marker at the corner of Hwy. 69 S and South Johnson Street.[12]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Howard L. and Vivian W. Lott House

The Howard L. and Vivian W. Lott House is a house designed in the Prairie School style with classical details. It is a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[13][14]

Mineola Downtown Historic District

Mineola Downtown Historic District is home to a collection of buildings that were constructed between 1885 and 1960. The district comprises 88 properties and covers almost 23 acres (9.3 ha).

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 16, 2013.[15]

Lakes

Education[edit]

The City of Mineola is served by the Mineola Independent School District.

Historically Black schools

Media[edit]

Newspaper

The Wood County Monitor is a weekly newspaper serving Mineola and Wood County, Texas. In August 2016, newspaper operations of the Mineola Monitor and the Wood County Democrat were merged by their owner, Bluebonnet Publishing, to form the Wood County Monitor.

Radio

KMOO-FM (99.9 MHz FM, "K-Moo") is a radio station broadcasting a country music format. Licensed to Mineola, Texas, United States, the station serves the Tyler-Longview area. The station is currently owned by Hightower Radio, Inc.[16] Studios and transmitter are located in Mineola.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Mineola includes the intersection of two major U.S. highways; US 69 and US 80 intersect in the downtown area. Texas Highway 37 connects Mineola and Quitman off US 69.

Major highways
Farm to market roads
State highways

Railroads[edit]

Mineola is currently served by Amtrak's Texas Eagle passenger railway line.[17] The railroad tracks which run through the southern portion of Wood County and through Mineola are currently owned and operated by Union Pacific.[18]

Airports[edit]

Mineola is served by two airports:

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mineola city, Texas - P1 | RACE". United States Census Bureau. United States Department of Commerce. 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  4. ^ BRUNER, ORA P. (15 June 2010). "MINEOLA, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  5. ^ The Railway World. United States Railroad and Mining Register Company. 1879.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 25 May 2022.
  8. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  9. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  10. ^ "2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Mineola city, Texas - H1 | OCCUPANCY STATUS". United States Census Bureau. United States Department of Commerce. 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e "2019: ACS 5-Year Estimates Subject Tables - Mineola city, Texas - S0101 | AGE AND SEX". United States Census Bureau. United States Department of Commerce. 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  12. ^ "Mineola Black Spiders". Texas Historical Commission. 2010. Archived from the original on 16 December 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  13. ^ "Uncovered Texas Historical Markers| Lott House". uncoveredtexas.com. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  14. ^ "National Register Information System – Howard L. and Vivian W. Lott House (#13000288)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2 November 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  15. ^ "National Register Information System – Mineola Downtown Historic District (#98001185)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2 November 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  16. ^ "KMOO-FM Facility Record". United States Federal Communications Commission, audio division.
  17. ^ "Amtrak's Texas Eagle | Mineola, TX". www.texaseagle.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  18. ^ "Texas 2016 Freight Railway Map" (PDF). ftp.dot.state.tx.us. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Texas Airport Directory" (PDF). ftp.dot.state.tx.us. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  20. ^ "MINEOLA-WISENER FIELD AIRPORT". mineolawisener.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  21. ^ "AirportIQ 5010". gcr1.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  22. ^ "McFarland Reunions". addieemcfarland.org. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2016. The Guest Speaker was The Honorable Willie L. Brown, Jr., former Speaker of the California State Assembly (Mineola Colored High, Class of 1951).
  23. ^ Davis, Camille. "Rufus Cornelius Hickman [R.C.]". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  24. ^ Wood County Historical Commission (2004). Images of America: Wood County. Arcadia Publishing. p. 110. ISBN 0-7385-2936-2. LCCN 2004110476. Archived from the original on 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019 – via University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History.
  25. ^ Wood County Historical Commission (2004). Images of America: Wood County. Arcadia Publishing. p. 106. ISBN 0-7385-2936-2. LCCN 2004110476. Archived from the original on 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019 – via University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History.

External links[edit]