Mineola, Texas

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Mineola, Texas
Downtown Mineola
Downtown Mineola
Location of Mineola, Texas
Location of Mineola, Texas
Wood County Mineola.svg
Coordinates: 32°39′10.4″N 95°28′49.1″W / 32.652889°N 95.480306°W / 32.652889; -95.480306Coordinates: 32°39′10.4″N 95°28′49.1″W / 32.652889°N 95.480306°W / 32.652889; -95.480306
CountryUnited States
Incorporated (city)1877
 • Total10.45 sq mi (27.07 km2)
 • Land10.28 sq mi (26.61 km2)
 • Water0.18 sq mi (0.46 km2)
417 ft (127 m)
 • Total4,515
 • Estimate 
 • Density463.84/sq mi (179.09/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-48648[3]
GNIS feature ID1341708[4]

Mineola is a city in Wood County, Texas, United States. It lies at the junction of U.S. highways 69 and 80, eighty miles east of Dallas in southwestern Wood County. The population was 4,515 at the 2010 census.[5]


The town was incorporated as the railroads arrived in 1873. A railroad official, Ira H. Evans combined the names of his daughter, Ola and her friend Minnie Patten to create the city name Mineola.[6]


Mineola came into existence when the railroads built lines through the Eastern part of the state. In 1873 the Texas and Pacific and the International-Great Northern raced to see which could get to Mineola first. The I-GN reached the finish fifteen minutes earlier. A city government was organized in 1873, a post office opened in 1875, and the town incorporated in 1877, but a fire in the 1880s destroyed eighteen buildings. The town's oldest paper, the Mineola Monitor, was founded in 1876. By 1890 the town had seven churches, several schools including a black free school, hotels, banks, and a population of 2,000. In 1895 Mineola became the site of the Wood County Fair.

Since Mineola was in the heart of the East Texas timber belt, timber was plentiful for railroad tiemaking and lumber. Mineola provided most of the ties to complete the T&P RR west to El Paso in 1879, S. Zuckerman, a Mineola resident, filled contracts for 85,000 ties that were used in the construction.[7] During the community's first sixty years, farm products included cotton, livestock, fruit, and berries. A chair factory opened in 1886, became a crate and basket factory in 1900, and operated until 1952. Highway improvement, the Magnolia Pipeline Company gas line, and the establishment of a railroad terminal caused growth during the 1920s, and the discovery of oil in parts of Wood County and construction of a T&P railroad shop spurred the economy during the 1940s. By 1930 the population was 3,000, and by 1970 it was 4,000. Diversified farming gave way to cattle raising and watermelon crops by 1950. The Mineola Watermelon Festival began in 1948. Subsequently, sweet-potato farming, a creamery, a nursery, and a company that supplies poles and pulpwood to the telephone company helped the economy.

The town remains a shipping center. The Mineola Memorial Library, largely financed by H. W. Meredith, was completed in 1960. Nearby Lake Holbrook, also completed in 1962, attracts residents and visitors. The Meredith Foundation has provided large sums for educational and cultural purposes since 1962. Meredith Hall Civic Center, completed in 1977, is used by large and small groups for varied events. The population of Mineola in 1980 was 4,346. The manufacture of women's clothing, sporting goods, electronic connectors, fertilizer, and cattle feed and the packaging of dry beans and meat provide employment for many people. The Wood County Airport, five miles (8 km) north of Mineola, was completed in 1984. A new city hall complex was completed in 1986, and a two-school facility was completed in 1987. The population of Mineola in 1990 was 4,321.


Mineola is located at 32°39′10.4″N 95°28′49.1″W / 32.652889°N 95.480306°W / 32.652889; -95.480306 (32.652881, -95.480296). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.339 square miles (26.78 km2), of which, 10.161 square miles (26.32 km2) of it is land and 0.178 square miles (0.46 km2) is water.[8]


Mineola enjoys weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring time. Mineola's humid subtropical climate is typical of the Southeast in North America.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C (°F) 14 (58) 16 (62) 19 (66) 24 (76) 28 (83) 32 (90) 34 (94) 35 (95) 31 (88) 26 (80) 18 (66) 15 (60) 25 (77)
Avg low °C (°F) 3 (39) 5 (41) 7 (46) 12 (54) 16 (62) 21 (71) 22 (73) 22 (72) 18 (65) 13 (57) 7 (45) 4 (40) 13 (56)
Avg. # of Rainy days 6 5 5 6 6 3 3 2 3 4 5 5 58
Source: WeatherBase.com


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)4,766[2]5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,611 people, 1,779 households, and 1,197 families residing in the city. The population density was 859.6 people per square mile (332.1/km2). There were 1,993 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile (145.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.19% White, 13.38% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.44% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.95% of the population.

There were 1,779 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. Of all households 30.1% were made up of individuals, and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $37,528. Males had a median income of $29,938 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,945. About 16.2% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.


First Baptist Church
  • First Baptist Mineola is one of the largest churches in the Wood County area with an enrollment record of about 850.
  • Sand Springs Baptist Church is located just west of Mineola. The church has a regular Sunday attendance of about 350.
  • Broad Street Church of Christ
  • New Hope Baptist Church
  • St. Paul Missionary Baptist Church, founded October 1871, in Mineola, Texas formally name Sodom, Texas
  • Johnson Chapel United Methodist Church
  • Sidney Temple Church of God
  • East Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
  • St. Peter the Apostle Roman Catholic Church is a parish of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tyler.


The City of Mineola is served by the Mineola Independent School District.

Historical Black Schools
  • Southward School
  • Mineola Colored School
  • McFarland Elementary
  • McFarland High School


Photo gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. 24 May 2020. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  6. ^ BRUNER, ORA P. (15 June 2010). "MINEOLA, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  7. ^ The Railway World. United States Railroad and Mining Register Company. 1879.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  10. ^ "McFarland Reunions". addieemcfarland.org. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2016. The Guest Speaker was The Honorable Willie L. Brown, Jr., former Speaker of the California State Assembly (Mineola Colored High, Class of 1951).
  11. ^ Wood County Historical Commission (2004). Images of America: Wood County. Arcadia Publishing. p. 110. ISBN 0-7385-2936-2. LCCN 2004110476. Archived from the original on 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019 – via University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History.
  12. ^ Wood County Historical Commission (2004). Images of America: Wood County. Arcadia Publishing. p. 106. ISBN 0-7385-2936-2. LCCN 2004110476. Archived from the original on 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019 – via University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History.
  13. ^ Davis, Camille. "Rufus Cornelius Hickman [R.C.]". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 11 May 2020.

External links[edit]