Location of Mineola, Texas
|• Total||10.339 sq mi (26.78 km2)|
|• Land||10.161 sq mi (26.32 km2)|
|• Water||0.178 sq mi (0.46 km2)|
|Elevation||417 ft (127 m)|
|• Density||440/sq mi (170/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341708|
Mineola is a city in Wood County, Texas, United States. It lies at the junction of U.S. highways 69 and 80, eighty miles east of Dallas in southwestern Wood County. The population was 4,515 at the 2010 census.
The town was incorporated as the railroads arrived. It is believed by some that a railroad official combined the names of two prominent locals' daughters, Minnie and Olla, to create the city name Mineola. While these two girls did exist, the more likely story is that the city was named after the railroad official's hometown of Mineola, New York because of the area's beauty.
Mineola came into existence when the railroads built lines through the Eastern part of the state. In 1873 the Texas and Pacific and the International-Great Northern raced to see which could get to Mineola first. The I-GN reached the finish fifteen minutes earlier. A city government was organized in 1873, a post office opened in 1875, and the town incorporated in 1877, but a fire in the 1880s destroyed eighteen buildings. The town's oldest paper, the Mineola Monitor, was founded in 1876. By 1890 the town had seven churches, several schools including a black free school, hotels, banks, and a population of 2,000. In 1895 Mineola became the site of the Wood County Fair.
Since Mineola was in the heart of the East Texas timber belt, timber was plentiful for railroad tiemaking and lumber. During the community's first sixty years, farm products included cotton, livestock, fruit, and berries. A chair factory opened in 1886, became a crate and basket factory in 1900, and operated until 1952. Highway improvement, the Magnolia Pipeline Company gas line, and the establishment of a railroad terminal caused growth during the 1920s, and the discovery of oil in parts of Wood County and construction of a T&P railroad shop spurred the economy during the 1940s. By 1930 the population was 3,000, and by 1970 it was 4,000. Diversified farming gave way to cattle raising and watermelon crops by 1950. The Mineola Watermelon Festival began in 1948. Subsequently, sweet-potato farming, a creamery, a nursery, and a company that supplies poles and pulpwood to the telephone company helped the economy.
The town remains a shipping center. The Mineola Memorial Library, largely financed by H. W. Meredith, was completed in 1960. Nearby Lake Holbrook, also completed in 1962, attracts residents and visitors. The Meredith Foundation has provided large sums for educational and cultural purposes since 1962. Meredith Hall Civic Center, completed in 1977, is used by large and small groups for varied events. The population of Mineola in 1980 was 4,346. The manufacture of women's clothing, sporting goods, electronic connectors, fertilizer, and cattle feed and the packaging of dry beans and meat provide employment for many people. The Wood County Airport, five miles (8 km) north of Mineola, was completed in 1984. A new city hall complex was completed in 1986, and a two-school facility was completed in 1987. The population of Mineola in 1990 was 4,321.
Mineola is located at United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.339 square miles (26.78 km2), of which, 10.161 square miles (26.32 km2) of it is land and 0.178 square miles (0.46 km2) is water.(32.652881, -95.480296). According to the
|Avg high °C (°F)||14 (58)||16 (62)||19 (66)||24 (76)||28 (83)||32 (90)||34 (94)||35 (95)||31 (88)||26 (80)||18 (66)||15 (60)||25 (77)|
|Avg low °C (°F)||3 (39)||5 (41)||7 (46)||12 (54)||16 (62)||21 (71)||22 (73)||22 (72)||18 (65)||13 (57)||7 (45)||4 (40)||13 (56)|
|Avg. # of Rainy days||6||5||5||6||6||3||3||2||3||4||5||5||58|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,611 people, 1,779 households, and 1,197 families residing in the city. The population density was 859.6 people per square mile (332.1/km²). There were 1,993 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile (145.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.19% White, 13.38% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.44% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.95% of the population.
There were 1,779 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. Of all households 30.1% were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $37,528. Males had a median income of $29,938 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,945. About 16.2% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.
- First Baptist Mineola is one of the largest churches in the Wood County area with an enrollment record of about 850.
- Sand Springs Baptist Church is located just west of Mineola. The church has a regular Sunday attendance of about 350.
- Broad Street Church of Christ
- New Hope Baptist Church
- St. Paul Missionary Baptist Church, founded October 1871, in Mineola, Texas formally name Sodom, Texas
- Johnson Chapel United Methodist Church
- Sidney Temple Church of God
- East Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
The City of Mineola is served by the Mineola Independent School District.
- Historical Black Schools
- Southward School
- Mineola Colored School
- McFarland Elementary
- McFarland High School
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- Willie Brown, the eventual Speaker of the California Assembly and Mayor of San Francisco was born and reared in Mineola.
- Jim Hogg, Texas governor lived in Mineola and his daughter Ima Hogg was born in a house in this city. The house still stands and is marked by a historical marker.
- Bryan Hughes, a lawyer in Mineola, has been since 2003 a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives; in 2017, he becomes a member of the Texas State Senate.
- William Jesse McDonald, one of the four best known captains of the Texas Rangers, was a storekeeper and then Wood County deputy sheriff in Mineola in the late 19th century.
- Adam Moore, professional baseball player
- Kacey Musgraves, country singer and songwriter
- Jack Rhodes, influential country music songwriter and inductee in The Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.
- Noble Willingham, an actor who appeared in more than 30 feature films and played retired Texas Ranger C.D. Parker in the television series Walker, Texas Ranger.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Chris Kucharski, Retrieved 7/7/2017
- James Tatum, Retrieved 7/7/2017
- Rosalind Walton-Russell, 7/7/2017