Miner Searle Bates
Miner Searle Bates (Chinese name: Bei Deshi , 贝德士) (born 1897, Newark, Ohio; d.1978) was educated at numerous prestigious institutions such as the University of Oxford, where he was a Rhodes Scholar; Yale University, where he earned a Ph.D. in Chinese history; and Hiram College, in Ohio. He worked with the YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association) in India and Mesopotamia before finally beginning work at Nanking University, where he taught history from 1920-1950.
World War II
In the summer of 1937, Bates travelled with his family to Japan, returning to Nanjing alone. He was thus present in Nanjing during the Battle of Nanking and in the subsequent period known as the Rape of Nanking. During this time, he became one of the leaders of the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone and worked to secure the safety of the remaining population of Nanking who were mostly those who were too poor to evacuate in advance of the Japanese assault on the city. This task was dangerous and his life was put at risk on many occasions, most notably when he was shoved down a flight of stairs by Japanese military police after inquiring about the fate of a student who had been abducted by Japanese soldiers. Bates pulled soldiers off women that they were molesting, and on several occasions, had pistols held to his head.
Bates was appointed Vice President of Nanjing University on January 13, 1938.
After the war, he was summoned as a witness at the Tokyo Trials and subsequent Chinese trials for war criminals. Bates is portrayed by Graham Sibley in the HBO film Nanking. He is quoted as having stated the following,
"Religious faith is believing that good things are worth doing for their own sake even in a world that seems overpoweringly evil. I remain assured in hard experience that neither by national guns nor by national gods will mankind be saved, but only by the genuine regard for all members of the human family."
- http://bdcconline.net/en/stories/bates-miner-searle The information on this website comes from: Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, Macmillan Reference USA, copyright (c) 1998 Gerald H. Anderson, by permission of The Gale Group; Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan. Accessed 24 May 2018
- Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking (Penguin Putnam Inc.: New York, 1998), p. 99.
- Chang, 139.
- Bright Parales, Heidi (2008-01-09). "Nanjing mourns 1937 massacre; honors missionaries for heroism". Retrieved 2009-04-19.[dead link]