Mineral Fork Formation
|Mineral Fork Formation
Stratigraphic range: Proterozoic
|Underlies||Mutual Formation (Big Cottonwood Canyon), Tintic Formation (Santaquin-Provo), or Kelly Canyon Formation (Antelope Island)|
|Overlies||Farmington Canyon Complex (Antelope Island), Big Cottonwood Formation (other locations)|
|Thickness||1000 to 3000 feet|
|Primary||Tillite, Shale, Quartzite, Conglomerate|
|Region||Southern Rocky Mountains|
|Extent||Wasatch Mountains, Antelope Island|
|Named for||Mineral Fork, Salt Lake County, Utah|
|Named by||Granger et al., 1952|
Granger et al. (1952) describe the Mineral Fork Formation as black tillite consisting of boulders, cobbles and pebbles of quartzite, limestone, or granitic rocks in a black sandy matrix, with dark-gray to black varved slate or shale, dark-gray quartzite, and occasional channel fillings of boulder conglomerate.
According to Yonkee et al. (2000), the Mineral Fork is exposed at the following locations in Utah:
The presence of Bavlinella faveolata in the formation indicates a likely age of 750–650 Ma, because this fossil occurs elsewhere where it is well-dated radiometrically. The Mineral Fork Formation is no older than 1,250 Ma and no younger than 540 Ma. Thus it is likely Neoproterozoic but possibly Mesoproterozoic.
- Yonkee, W.A, Willis, G.C., and Doelling, H.H., 2000, Proterozoic and Cambrian Sedimentary and Low-grade Metasedimentary Rocks on Antelope Island, in The Geology of Antelope Island, Davis County, Utah, eds. J.K. King and G.C. Willis, Utah Geological Survey, p. 37–47.
- Granger, A.E., Calkins, F.C., Crittenden, M.D., Jr., and Sharp, B.J., 1952, Geology of the Wasatch Mountains east of Salt Lake City, IN Marcel, R.E., ed., Geology of the central Wasatch Mountains, Utah: Utah Geological Society, Guidebook to the geology of Utah, no. 8, p. 1-37.
- Knoll, A.H., Blick, N., and Awramik, S.M., 1981, Stratigraphic and ecologic implications of late Precambrian microfossils from Utah: American Journal of Science, v. 281, no. 3, p. 247-263.