Mineral cycle

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The mineral cycle is a biogeochemical and ecological process that regulates the flow, distribution, and migration of mineral nutrients across the Earth's surface.[1][2]

Minerals are naturally occurring chemical compounds that are made up of elements. These elements undergo continual cycling within the environment and are influenced by a variety of factors.[3]

There are four main types of mineral cycle. The oxygen cycle, the water cycle, the phosphorus cycle, and the sulfur cycle.[4]


  1. ^ Jordan, C. F.; Kline, J. R. (1972). "Mineral cycling: Some basic concepts and their application in a tropical rain forest.". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 3: 33–50. JSTOR 209692. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.03.110172.000341. 
  2. ^ Witkamp, M. (1971). "Soils as components of ecosystems.". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 2: 85–110. JSTOR 2096923. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.02.110171.000505. 
  3. ^ Trudinger, P; Swaine, D. (1979). Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements. Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co. 
  4. ^ "4 Main Types of Mineral Cycle | Ecology". Biology Discussion. 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2017-05-06.