Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus

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Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus
Charles Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedJanuary 1964[1]
RecordedJanuary 20 & September 20, 1963
New York City
GenreJazz
Length40:30
LabelImpulse!
A-54
ProducerBob Thiele
Charles Mingus chronology
The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady
(1963)
Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus
(1964)
Mingus Plays Piano
(1963)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic5/5 stars[2]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide4/5 stars[3]

Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus is a 1964 album by American jazz composer and bassist Charles Mingus.

Background[edit]

Mingus collaborated with arranger/orchestrator Bob Hammer to score the music for a large ensemble of brass and saxophones.

Track listing[edit]

All tracks composed by Charles Mingus, except where noted.

  1. "II B.S." – 4:48
  2. "I X Love" – 7:41
  3. "Celia" – 6:14
  4. "Mood Indigo" (Duke Ellington/Barney Bigard) – 4:45
  5. "Better Get Hit in Yo' Soul" – 6:30
  6. "Theme for Lester Young" – 5:51
  7. "Hora Decubitus" – 4:41
  8. "Freedom" – 5:10 Bonus track on CD reissue

Some editions of this album, such as Impulse Records AS-54-B, exclude the track "Freedom."

Historical context[edit]

Most of the compositions on this album had been previously recorded or have since been rerecorded, some under different titles, on other albums.

Personnel[edit]

Tracks #1 and 4–8, recorded on September 20, 1963:

Tracks #2 and 3, recorded on January 20, 1963:

Production[edit]

  • Bob Thiele – Producer
  • Michael Cuscuna – Reissue Producer
  • Bob Simpson – Engineer
  • Erick Labson – Remastering

Freedom[edit]

Freedom, by Charles Mingus (excerpt)

This mule ain't from Moscow,
this mule ain't from the South.
But this mule's had some learning,
mostly mouth-to-mouth.

The lyrics, "This mule ain't from Moscow", might be a reference to a Moscow Mule, a drink made of vodka and ginger beer popular in the 1950s, but is likely also referring to African-American slaves as the "mule".

Mingus performed a number of other songs with spoken poetry or narration:

  • "Scenes in the City"
  • "The Chill of Death"
  • "The Clown"
  • "Weary Blues" (read by Langston Hughes)
  • "Don't Let It Happen Here"
  • "It Was A Lonely Day In Selma, Alabama"
  • "Where Does A Man Go To Find Peace?"

Several of his other pieces have lyrics:

  • "Fables of Faubus"
  • "Oh Lord, Don't Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb on Me"
  • "Devil Woman"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Album Releases". The Billboard Publishing Co. 1 February 1964.
  2. ^ Allmusic review
  3. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 140. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  4. ^ Santoro, Gene (2000). Myself when I Am Real. New York: Oxford University Press US. p. 413. ISBN 0-19-514711-1.
  5. ^ Mathieson, Kenny (1999). Giant Steps. Canongate US. p. 217. ISBN 0-86241-859-3.
  6. ^ Conversely, Nat Hentoff identifies "Nouroog" as the precursor to "I X Love". Hentoff, Nat (1963). Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus (CD booklet). Charles Mingus. Impulse! Records. pp. 2–10. IMPD-170.