The term Mini-Estrella (Spanish for "Mini-Star") is used in lucha libre to describe a division of short professional wrestlers or luchadors, some of whom have dwarfism. The Mexican Mini-Estrellas is comparable to Midget professional wrestling practiced around the world, but with the notable exception that some of the Mini-Estrellas do not have dwarfism but are simply short. Some Mini-Estrellas have later on moved on to work as regular sized competitors. The Mini-Estrellas have been featured in several promotions outside Mexico, most notably World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA).
Originally the limit for the Mini division was 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) but in recent years wrestlers such as Pequeño Olímpico have worked the Minis division despite being 1.69 m (5 ft 6 1⁄2 in) tall. In the formative years of the Mini-Estrellas history they were also referred to as "Micro Luchadors", or "Micro Wrestlers".
The origins of the Mini-Estrella division lies in Midget professional wrestling, which in Mexico was popularized in the 1970s when promoters used the American concept and had a number of Mexican little people perform as a "special attraction" on lucha libre shows. In the early days saw the popularity of wrestlers such as Gran Nikolai, Pequeno Goliath and Arturito (inspired by R2-D2), especially with the children. By the 1980s midget wrestling was less popular in Mexico, especially since few new wrestlers had joined the division.
In the early 1990s Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), Mexico's oldest wrestling promotion, created a new concept, the Mini-Estrella division. The division was created by Antonio Peña who worked for CMLL at the time, who came up with the idea of using both little people and short wrestlers together and to have the Mini-Estrellas work as smaller versions of popular wrestlers of the time. Peña and CMLL created the CMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship in 1992, which is considered the official birth of the division. CMLL's Mini-Estrellas division featured a number of skilled, high flying wrestlers which helped make the concept an immediate success. Original Mini-Estrellas division consisted of Mascarita Sagrada (the first CMLL Mini-Estrella champion), Aguilata Solitaria, Octagoncito, Espectrito, Mazakrito, Pierrothito, Pequeño Tritón, Mascarita Mágica, Ultimo Dragoncito, Cicloncito Ramírez, Pequeño Jaque Mate, Platita and Gargolita.
In 1993 Peña decided to leave CMLL and create his own wrestling promotion, Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA), and in the process a number of the Mini-Estrellas left with Peña. Among those that left CMLL were the division's two main stars, the champion Mascarita Sagrada and his rival Espectrito. Peña later created the Mexican National Mini-Estrella Championship as AAA's Mini-Estrella championship. Due to the success of both the CMLL and AAA Mini-Estrella division other promotions such as the Universal Wrestling Association (UWA) and the World Wrestling Association (WWA) briefly promoted Mini-Estrella championships, but neither promotion gained the success of CMLL and AAA. AAA would later create two other Mini-Estrella, the IWC and the LLL Mini-Estrellas championships, but both were later abandoned. The success of the Mini-Estrella division was evident as AAA put them in the main event of Triplemanía III-A, one of AAA's biggest shows of the years. The match was a 13-Minis Steel Cage Elimination match, Lucha de Apuesta, "Mask vs. Mask" match. In the end Payasito Rojo was the last man in the cage after Bandita, Espectrito, Espectrito II, Jerrito Estrada, Fuercita Guerrera, Mascarita Sagrada, Mini Calo, Octagóncito, La Parkita, Payasito Azul, Super Muñequito, and Torerito had all left the cage. The Triplemanía match was one of the first ever Luchas de Apuestas matches in the Mini-Estrella division. AAA would later create another "first" in the Mini-Estrellas division as they created Los Mini Vipers, a Mini version of Los Vipers.
In 2002 AAA created the AAA Mascot Tag Team Championship, the first and so far only tag team championship for teams consisting of a Mini-Estrella and the regular sized wrestler he is based on. In 2007, then reigning Mexican National Mini-Estrellas Champion, Mascarita Sagrada 2000 left AAA while still holding the championship; he later appeared in CMLL, repackaged as "Mascarita Dorada" but the announcers still mentioned the fact that he was the Mexican National Mini-Estrella Champion. Since his initial appearance as Mascarita Dorada the Mexican National Mini-Estrellas Championship has not been mentioned and is considered inactive. Following the loss of the Mexican National title AAA decided to create a new title, the AAA World Mini-Estrellas Championship as the centerpiece of their Mini-Estrellas division, won by Mini Charly Manson. On January 11, 2009 CMLL promoted their first pay-per-view (PPV) show with the Minis division in the main event. At La Hora Cero 13 minis competed in CMLL's first ever Infierno en el Ring for Mini-Estrellas. The match saw Pierrothito defeat and unmask Shockercito after Cosmico, Eléctrico, Niño de Acero, Fantasy, Mascarita Dorada, Pequeño Ninja, Pequeno Olimpico, Pequeño Warrior, Tzuki, Ultimo Dragoncito and Pequeño Universo 2000 all had escaped the cage. Later on in 2009 CMLL would hold another "all Minis" cage match as well as a match that saw Minis and regular sized wrestlers compete against each other. AAA's Mascota tag team title was abandoned in 2009 when the then reigning champions El Alebrije and Cuije left AAA.
Mini-Estrellas outside of Mexico
The Mini-Estrellas have not been restricted to working outside of Mexico, although Mexico is the only country to regularly promote the Mini-Estrellas as a specific division. Often the Mini-Estrellas are brought in for a "special attraction" match such the World Wrestling Council's 19th and 22nd anniversary shows that featured Mascarita Sagrada and other Minis. World Championship Wrestling (WCW) also invited the Mini-Estrellas to appear on one of their shows, a pre-PPV match at the 1996 Starrcade where Mascarita Sagrada and Octagóncito defeated Jerrito Estrada and Piratita Morgan. Northern California based Pro Wrestling Revolution is the only US based promotion to have created a specific Mini-Estrella championship, created in 2009.
In 1997 the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) and AAA began a talent sharing program, which allowed several Mini-Estrellas wrestlers to compete on WWF television. These wrestlers included Mascarita Sagrada, La Parkita and several AAA Mini-Estrellas that were given new gimmicks for their WWF appearances including Max Mini (formerly Máscarita Sagrada, Jr.), El Torito (Espectrito), Mini Goldust (Mini Karis La Momia) and Mini Vader (Piratita Morgan). Mascarita Sagrada originally wrestled under his normal name but was soon repackaged as "Mini Nova", a mini version of Super Nova, a Luchador that worked for the WWF at the time. Mini Nova made his in ring debut in a match at Bad Blood in 1997 where he teamed with Max Mini against Tarantula and Mosaic. The Minis appeared on WWF Shotgun Saturday Night and WWF Monday Night Raw as well as in matches at the Royal Rumble in 1997 and the Royal Rumble in 1998. In 1999 the WWF/AAA talent sharing agreement ended and all Mini-Estrellas stopped working in the United States. In October 2005 the WWE created a "Juniors division" exclusive to their Smackdown brand. the division featured a number of minis from Mexico that mainly appeared in backstage skits of a comedic nature. Minis included Mascarita Sagrada, Tsuki, Octagoncito and Pequeño Violencia, the division also included Super Porky, who had never worked in the Mini-Estrella division in Mexico. Super Porky only appeared in backstage skits but did not wrestle. By March 2006 the WWE gave up on the Juniors division and released all the mini wrestlers.
The US based Lucha Libre USA began promoting in 2010 and featured several Mini-Estrellas, unlike in Mexican promotions, Mini-Estrellas such as Mascarita Dorada and Pequeño Halloween compete against regular sized competitors instead of in a separate division.
From Mini-Estrella to regular competitors
Since the Mini-Estrella division is not restricted only to people with Dwarfism some wrestlers have moved on from the Mini-Estrellas division to the regular sized division, especially some of the competitors over the 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in) height limit the division originally had. Mike Segura originally worked as Orito (a mini version of Oro) in CMLL, but when he began working for AAA he began working in the regular sized division as Super Nova. Similarly Felinito wrestled in CMLL as a mini but when jumped to AAA he began wrestling in the regular sized division as Mach 1. Freelance became a regular sized wrestler after losing his mask as Panterita.
In late 1997 CMLL booked an eight-man torneo cibernetico elimination match where the winner would earn the right to work in the "regular sized" division. Damiancito El Guerrero defeated Cicloncito Ramírez, Tritoncito, Pequeño Cochisse, Platita, Guerrerito del Future, Pequeño Sayama and Fierito to earn the right to work with "regular sized" wrestlers. In early 1998 he made his debut as part of the regular sized division under the name "Virus", no mention was made that Virus used to work as Damiancito El Guerrero or the fact that he still held the CMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship. By 1999 CMLL decided that it was time to crown a new CMLL World Mini-Estrella Champion as Virus was still technically the champion despite not having worked as a mini for over a year. Instead of making Virus return to the Minis division to lose the title CMLL decided to give the championship to Ultimo Dragoncito and then subsequently announce that Ultimo Dragoncito had "won" the title on an undisclosed day in October 1999.
CMLL is currently holding a "Bicentennial tournament" in August, 2010 to commemorate the 18th anniversary of the Mini-Estrellas division, where the winner will "graduate" to the regular sized division. The tournament consists of two torneo cibernetico elimination matches with the winner of each facing off in a singles match on August 24. Demus 3:16 won the first cibernetico, defeating Eléctrico, Saturno, Fantasy, Pequeño Olímpico, Pequeño Nitro, Pequeño Violencia and Cisne to earn a place in the finals. The second torneo cibernetico took place on August 17, 2010, and was won by Pierrothito. On August 24, 2010, Demus 3:16 defeated Pierrothito in the finals of the tournament to earn his way out of the Mini-Estrella division. In March 2011, Demus 3:16 wrestled Virus in a hair vs. hair mask. Demus 3:16 lost the match and after that he returned to the minis division.
Since Mini-Estrella wrestlers are smaller and possess less muscle bulk than heavyweights or even cruiserweights it lends to a high-flying wrestling style for a number of the Mini-Estrellas, especially in recent years. Some wrestlers such as Mascarita Dorada are able to perform moves that his regular sized counterpart would have a hard time executing. Not all performers in the Mini-Estrella division are able to work a high flying style, especially those with more severe forms of dwarfism work a more grounded style.
The first Mini-Estrellas championship was created in 1992 when CMLL created the CMLL Mini-Estrellas World Championship. Since then rivals AAA, UWA and WWA all created a Mini-Estrellas championship, although only AAA's championship sustained any longevity. In 2008 CMLL decided to use the Mexican National Lightweight Championship as a secondary title for the Mini-Estrellas division. Up until that point the Lightweight title had not been considered a Mini-Estrellas championship.
- AAA World Mini-Estrellas Championship
- CMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship
- Mexican National Lightweight Championship
- PWR World Mini-Estrella Championship
- AAA Mascot Tag Team Championship
- IWC Mini-Estrellas Championship
- LLL Mini-Estrellas Championship
- Mexican National Mini-Estrella Championship
- UWA World Mini-Estrella Championship
- WWA World Mini-Estrellas Championship
- Madigan, Dan (2007). "You ain't seen nothing yet: the minis". Mondo Lucha a Go-Go: the bizarre & honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperColins Publisher. pp. 209–212. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
- "La Pequeña Escala / On a small scale". Lucha Libre: Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc. 2005. pp. 80–86. ISBN 968-6842-48-9.
- Ocampo, Ernesto (October 7, 2006). "El fin de una era: Adiós a Antonio Peña". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). issue 182. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: Mexican National Midget (Miniestrella) Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". Pro Wrestling History. June 10, 1995. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- Flores, Manuel (March 30, 2009). "Abismo Negro Adiós al rey de marinete". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Mexico City, D.F. pp. 24–26. 308.
- "AAA Luchadores – Minis – Mini Abismo Negro". LuchalibreAAA.com. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
- "2007 Lo Mejor de la Lucha Mexicana". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). December 26, 2007. 244. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
- "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion Verano de Escandalo". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
- Ocampo, Jorge (January 11, 2009). "Resultados Arena México: La Hora Cero – Shockercito pierde la máscara dice llamarse Javier Cortes Sánchez". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Huganster (August 19, 2009). "Noche triste para los poblanos... cayó el Misterio de Mr. Rafaga Pequeño Pierroth el culpable" (in Spanish). El Pancracio.com.mx. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
- Arturo Rosas Plata (2009-04-07). "Alebrije fuera de Triple A". Ovaciones (in Spanish). Mexico, D.F.: Editorial Ovaciones, S. A. de C.V. p. 18. Número 21550 Año LXII. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- "WWC Anniversary Shows: #17". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- "WWC Anniversary Shows: #22". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Cawthon, Graham (December 29, 1996). "WCW Ring Results: 1996". thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
Mascarita Sagrada & Octagoncito defeated Jerrito Estrada & Piratita Morgan
- Waldman, Jon (October 16, 2005). "New division added to Smackdown". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- Powell, John (January 19, 1998). "Austin wins predictable Rumble". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- Cawthon, Graham (2006-02-07). "WWF Ring Results: 2006". thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
Octagoncito & Pequeno Violencia fought Mascarita Sagrada & Tsuki to a no contest at 2:37 when Finlay came out and assaulted several of the participants and dropped Tsuki with the Emerald Fusion; after the bout, Finlay cut a promo saying he came to fight and didn't care about how big or small everyone else was
- "Juniors released". World Wrestling Entertainment. March 9, 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
- Manuel Rivera (January 12, 2007). "Entrevista por Virus". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). p. 25. 301.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: EMLL CMLL Midget (miniestrella) Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 396. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- Ruiz Glez, Alex (August 10, 2010). "Arena México (martes 10 de agosto) – 18 Aniversario de los luchadores minis con el Torneo Bicentenario". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- Oculto, Rostro (August 10, 2010). "CMLL- El sueño de un mini estrella se convierte realidad". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- Ruiz Glez, Alex (August 11, 2010). "Arena México (resultados 10 de agosto): Demus 3:16, gana la primera eliminatoria del Torneo de Minis Bicentenario". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- Ruiz Glez, Alex (August 25, 2010). "Arena México (Resultados martes 24 de agosto) – Demus 3:16 gana el torneo bicentenario de minis y se une con los "grandes"". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- Alfredo Ascencio (September 24, 2008). "En honor a Panther" (in Spanish). ESTO, OEM Online. Retrieved July 12, 2009.