Mini MPV

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Typical pillar configurations of a sedan or saloon (three box), station wagon or estate (two box) and hatchback or mini MPV (two box) from the same model range (Ford Focus)
Renault Modus
Opel Meriva, first generation
Kia Venga
Lancia Musa

Mini MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) or B-segment MPV is a vehicle size classification describing a high-roof supermini or subcompact hatchback with a flexible interior layout, fitting below the compact MPV and large MPV/Minivan classifications.[1] Some manufacturers describe these as a mini sport utility vehicle.

The mini MPV combines a tall, high-roof five-door one- or two-box hatchback body configuration with a supermini's platform, engines and mechanicals — in order to provide the interior volume, packaging and comfort of a larger C-segment vehicle within a B-segment footprint. The configuration offers higher h-point seating, easy passenger and cargo access with wide-opening rear doors and large rear hatch, and a re-configurable interior volume with seats that recline, slide, tumble, fold flat or allow easy removal — allowing users to reprioritize passenger and cargo volumes.

Arising in the late 1990s when the market for minivans grew in diversity, the term mini-MPV appeared in the Daily Telegraph in 2000,[2] referring to larger models now classified as compact MPVs.[3]

Writing for The Telegraph in 2004, noted automotive journalist James May wrote that mini-MPV's "are invariably based on an existing hatchback, but offer more headroom, extra 'oddments storage'... and perhaps a touch of sliding seat tomfoolery in the back.... what we are seeing with the mini-MPV is the re-invention of the hatchback, nothing more. It's a good idea, and long overdue, but that's all it is."[4]


In Europe, the mini-MPV represents a sizeable but shrinking segment, with the Fiat 500L leading the segment since its introduction.[5][6][7][8]

In the United States, sales of mini-MPV's are small, with the same Fiat 500L recording 30,000 sales as of early 2017 — over four model years.[9]

In Canada, as of 2013, the market for mini-MPV's wasn't "large, and even the overarching minivan segment is gradually shrinking as the industry expands."[10]

2013 European mini-MPV sales reached 411,833 in 2012 and 450,897 in 2013.[7]
2014 By 2014 sales of small MPVs in Europe plateaued at just over 400,000 annual sales, as sales of small crossovers increased.[5]
2015 By 2015, the small MPV segment in Europe fell as small crossover segment increased, with sales down 15% in 2015 to 350,000, the lowest figure for the segment since 2003 when the first generation Opel Meriva appeared.[6]
2016 By the first quarter of 2016, sales fell 20% after the 15% drop in 2015, with the Fiat 500L leading the segment in sales.[8]



  1. ^ "Our pick: Top 10 used mini-MPVs". Auto Trader. 3 August 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "A family van in 4x4 clothing". Daily Telegraph. 5 December 2000. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Chapman, Giles (17 May 2003). "The Space Race". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  4. ^ May, James (July 3, 2004). "As seen on TV: Get a life, not a mini-MPV". The Telegraph. 
  5. ^ a b Demandt, Bart (February 14, 2015). "European sales 2014 Small MPV segment". 
  6. ^ a b Demandt, Bart (February 3, 2016). "European sales 2015 Small MPV segment". 
  7. ^ a b Demandt, Bart (February 4, 2014). "European sales 2013 Small MPV segment". 
  8. ^ a b Demandt, Bart (November 26, 2016). "European sales 2016 Q1-Q3 small MPV segment". 
  9. ^ "Fiat 500L sales in USA". 
  10. ^ Cain, Timothy (July 16, 2013). "Canada's ever-changing mini-MPV sales race". 
  11. ^ "Geneva 2012: the rise of the mini-MPV". Top Gear. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Maruti Ertiga preview". Autocar India. 26 December 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Kia wins four red dot design awards for its compact models". Kiabuzz (Press release). 12 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2015.