Miniature art

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For other kinds of miniature art, see Miniature painting (disambiguation).

Miniature art or model art is a genre that focuses on art (especially painting, engraving and sculpture) in much-smaller-than-usual sizes. Miniature art societies, such as the World Federation of Miniaturists (WFM), provide applicable definitions of the term.[1] An often-used definition is that a piece of miniature art can be held in the palm of the hand, or that it covers less than 100 cm². Portraits should not exceed 1 3/8inches or 3.5cms from chin to top of head, and in all paintings the spirit of miniaturisation should be maintained.

Miniature art has been made for over 1000 years and is prized by collectors. The U.S. White House, the Smithsonian American Art Museum and museums around the world have collections of miniature art.[citation needed]

Artists of the miniature art genre[edit]




  • Jonty Hurwitz (UK, South Africa) - Sculpture invisible to the human eye[4]
  • Daniel Dorall (Australia)
  • Kerri Pajutee (US)

Miniature art societies & groups[edit]

  • Artisans In Miniature (AIM)[5] (International)
  • Association of Miniature Artists (AMA)[6] (International)
  • Australian Society of Miniature Art (ASMA/NSW)[7] (New South Wales)
  • Australian Society of Miniature Art (ASMA/Tas) (Tasmania)
  • Australian Society of Miniature Art (ASMA/Vic) (Victoria)
  • AVIT (St. Petersburg, Russia)
  • British Watercolor Society and Society of Miniaturists[8] (UK)
  • Cider Painters of America (CPA)[9] (US)
  • Hilliard Society of Miniaturists (HS)[10] (UK)
  • International Guild of Miniature Artists (IGMA)[11] (International)
  • Israel Miniature Art Society (IMAS) (Israel)
  • Miniature Art Society of Florida (MASF)[12] (US state of Florida)
  • Miniature Artists of America (MAA)[13] (US)
  • Miniature Arts Society of South Africa (MASSA)[14]
  • Miniature Painters, Sculptors and Gravers Society of Washington (MPSGS) (US Federal District of Washington D.C.)
  • New Mexico Miniature Arts Society (NMMAS) (US state of New Mexico)
  • Northern California Society of Arts in Miniature (NCSAM) (US state of California, headquartered in Mariposa, California)
  • Oceanside Miniature Art Society (OMAS) (Canadian province of British Columbia)
  • Royal Society of Miniature Painters, Sculptors & Gravers (RMS)[15] (UK)
  • Society of Limners (SLM)[16] (UK)
  • South Texas Miniature Art Society (STMAS) (US state of Texas, headquartered in Corpus Christi, Texas)
  • West Coast Society of Miniature Art (WCSMA) (US state of California)
  • World Federation of Miniaturists (WFM)[17] (International)

See also[edit]



Further reading[edit]

  • Burton, Sue (1995). The Techniques of Painting Miniatures. B.T. Batsford Ltd. ISBN 0-7134-7459-9. 
  • Coombs, Katherine (1998). The Portrait Miniature in England. V&A Publications. ISBN 1-85177-206-5. 
  • Foskett, Daphne (1987). Miniatures Dictionary and Guide. The Antique Collectors' Club Ltd. ISBN 1-85149-063-9. 
  • Frank, Robin Jaffee (2000). Love and Loss American Portrait and Mourning Miniatures. Yale University Art Gallery. ISBN 0-300-08724-1. 
  • Hughes, Johnson (1994). How to Paint Miniatures. Quintet Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7858-0029-8. 
  • Johnson, Dale T. (1990). American Portrait Miniatures, In The Manney Collection. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0-87099-597-9. 
  • Livermann, Petryszak (2000). Catalogue of the Miniature Collection. The Miniature Art Society of Florida. 
  • Mundy, Bill (2005). Portrait Miniatures. William P. Mundy. ISBN 0-9550017-0-6. 
  • Mundy, Bill (2006). Portrait Miniatures 2. William P. Mundy. ISBN 0-9550017-1-4. 
  • Mundy, Bill (2008). Portrait Miniatures Oriental. William P. Mundy. ISBN 0-9550017-3-0. 
  • Murdoch, John (1981). The English Miniature. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02778-8. 
  • Murrell, Jim (1983). The Way How to Lymne. Victoria and Albert Museum. ISBN 0-905209-39-7. 
  • Phillips, Arturi (2006). 'A Thing Apart' Portrait Miniatures from the W.R. Johnston Collection. Portrait Miniature Club. ISBN 0-646-45638-5. 
  • Phillips, Arturi (2010). The Arturi Phillips Collection. A Collection of Portrait Miniatures. Portrait Miniature Club. ISBN 978-2-9536625-0-4. 
  • Phillips, Arturi (2012). Dictionary of Miniature Painters 1870-1970. Portrait Miniature Club. ISBN 978-2-9536625-1-1. 
  • Reynolds, Graham (1998). British Portrait Miniatures. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-59202-X. 
  • Ridley, Jo Ann (1997). Looking For Eulabee Dix, The Illustrated Biography of an American Miniaturist. The National Museum of Women in the Arts. ISBN 0-940979-36-5. 
  • Siegrist, Wes (2008). Exquisite Miniatures by Wes & Rachelle Siegrist. Wes Siegrist. ISBN 978-0-9821278-0-3. 
  • Siegrist, Wes (2010). Modern Masters of Miniature Art in America. Wes Siegrist. ISBN 978-0-9821278-3-4. 
  • Willies, Joan Cornish (1995). Miniature Painting. Watson-Guptill Publications. ISBN 0-8230-2979-4. 
  • Wood, Elizabeth Davies (1989). Painting Miniatures. A&C Black Ltd. ISBN 0-8230-3717-7. 


  • Historic and Contemporary Miniature Artists (1994). Timeless Treasures (DVD). The Miniature Art Society of Florida. 

External links[edit]