Mining in Brazil

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Mining in Brazil is centered on the extraction of gold, copper, tin, iron and bauxite.


  • Discovery of first gold rush in 1690s, gold discoveries made in streams not far from present day city of Belo Horizonte.
  • In 1729 diamonds were discovered in the same area. This started a diamond rush.
  • By 1760 nearly half of the world's gold was from Brazil.
  • In the early 18th century nearly 400,000 Portuguese immigrants came to mine in southern Brazil.
  • Over half a million African slaves were shipped to work in the gold mines.

Mining today[edit]

In 1988 Brazil was the 5th largest gold producer in the world. Brazil mined iron, gold, tin, copper and Bauxite (contains aluminium).

See also[edit]