Minister Plenipotentiary (Netherlands)
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In the Kingdom of the Netherlands, a Minister Plenipotentiary (Dutch: gevolmachtigd minister) represents the governments of the Caribbean countries of the Kingdom in the Netherlands. The minister is part of the government of the Caribbean countries, but resides in the Netherlands, where they are part of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
A significant difference between the Netherlands Ministers and the Ministers Plenipotentiary is that the former Ministers are accountable for their politics and policies to the Dutch parliament. The Ministers Plenipotentiary, however, are accountable to their national governments. Therefore, the Ministers Plenipotentiary usually do not resign in the event of a Dutch cabinet crisis.
The following three Ministers Plenipotentiary currently exist:
- Minister Plenipotentiary of Aruba (est. 1986)
- Minister Plenipotentiary of Curaçao (est. 2010)
- Minister Plenipotentiary of Sint Maarten (est. 2010)
In addition ministers plenipotentiary have existed for the former Caribbean Netherlands Antilles (1954−2010) before its dissolution; and for the former South American colony of Suriname (1667–1954) before its independence
- Minister Plenipotentiary of the Netherlands Antilles (1954–2010)
- Minister Plenipotentiary of Suriname (1954–1975)
- "Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles: Political relations within the Kingdom of the Netherlands". Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties. Retrieved 2007-10-13.