Minister for Iceland

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Minister for Iceland
Ráðherra Íslands
Johannes Nellemann.jpg
Longest serving
Johannes Nellemann [da]

11 June 1875–13 June 1896
Before 1904:
Ministry of Justice of Denmark
Member of
Seat
AppointerMonarch of Denmark
Constituting instrument
PrecursorJustice Minister of Denmark
Formation
  • 5 January 1874; 147 years ago (1874-01-05) (Denmark)
  • 1 February 1904; 117 years ago (1904-02-01) (Iceland)
First holder
Final holder
Abolished
  • 1 February 1904; 117 years ago (1904-02-01) (Denmark)
  • 30 November 1918; 103 years ago (1918-11-30) (Iceland)
SuccessionPrime Minister of Iceland

Minister for Iceland (Danish: Minister for Island, pronounced [miˈnistɐ fɒ ˈisˌlænˀ]; Icelandic: Ráðherra Íslands) was a post in the Danish cabinet for Icelandic affairs.

History[edit]

The post was established on 5 January 1874 as, according to the Constitution of Iceland, the executive power rested in the King of Denmark through the Danish cabinet. The Constitutional Act of Iceland of 3 October 1903 stated that the Minister for Iceland had to be a resident of Reykjavík and be able to read and write Icelandic. The minister was responsible to the Icelandic parliament. The post of Minister for Iceland was part of the post of Justice Minister of Denmark until 1904 when Iceland obtained extended home rule.

After an agreement with the Social Liberal government in Copenhagen in January 1917, Jón Magnússon formed the first coalition government consisting of three ministers and with a majority in the Althing behind it. Parliamentarism was thus implemented in Iceland. Jón Magnússon got the title forsætisráðherra Íslands (Prime Minister of Iceland, but literally chairman or president of the ministers), while all three ministers were also formally members of the Danish cabinet each with the title Minister of Iceland.

In 1918, the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union recognised Iceland as an independent and sovereign state in a personal union with Denmark. The Kingdom of Iceland was established and the post of Minister for Iceland was closed down on 30 November 1918.

List of ministers[edit]

Constitution (1874–1904)[edit]

No. Portrait Minister for Iceland Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1
Christian Sophus Klein [da]
Klein, Christian SophusChristian Sophus Klein [da]
(1824–1900)
14 July 187411 June 1875332 daysNational LiberalHolstein-Holsteinborg
Fonnesbech
2
Johannes Nellemann [da]
Nellemann, JohannesJohannes Nellemann [da]
(1831–1906)
11 June 187513 June 189621 years, 2 daysHøjreEstrup
Reedtz-Thott
3
Nicolai Reimer Rump [da]
Rump, Nicolai ReimerNicolai Reimer Rump [da]
(1834–1900)
13 June 189628 August 18993 years, 76 daysHøjreReedtz-Thott
Hørring
4
Hugo Egmont Hørring
Hørring, Hugo EgmontHugo Egmont Hørring
(1842–1909)
28 August 189927 April 1900242 daysHøjreHørring
5
August Hermann Ferdinand Carl Goos [da]
Goos, August Hermann Ferdinand CarlAugust Hermann Ferdinand Carl Goos [da]
(1835–1917)
27 April 190024 July 19011 year, 88 daysHøjreSehested
6
Peter Adler Alberti
Alberti, Peter AdlerPeter Adler Alberti
(1851–1932)
24 July 19011 February 19042 years, 192 daysVenstre ReformDeuntzer

Home rule (1904–1918)[edit]

Minister Took office Left office Duration Party Cabinet
7 Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
1 February 1904 31 March 1909 5 years, 1 month, 30 days
(1,885 days)
Home Rule Party Deuntzer
J.C. Christensen I
J.C. Christensen II
Neergaard I
8 Bjorn Jonsson.jpg Björn Jónsson
(1846–1912)
31 March 1909 14 March 1911 1 year, 11 months, 14 days
(713 days)
Independence Party Neergaard I
Holstein-Ledreborg
Zahle I
Klaus Berntsen
9 Kristjan Jonsson.jpg Kristján Jónsson
(1852–1926)
14 March 1911 25 July 1912 1 year, 4 months, 11 days
(499 days)
independent Klaus Berntsen
(7) Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
25 July 1912 21 July 1914 1 year, 11 months, 26 days
(726 days)
Union Party Klaus Berntsen
Zahle II
10 Sigurður Eggerz.jpg Sigurður Eggerz
(1875–1945)
21 July 1914 4 May 1915 9 months, 13 days
(287 days)
Independence Party Zahle II
11 EinarArnorsson.jpg Einar Arnórsson
(1880–1955)
4 May 1915 4 January 1917 1 year, 8 months
(611 days)
Independence Party
langsum
12 1x1 placeholder.png Jón Magnússon
(1859–1926)
Sigurður Jónsson
Björn Kristjansson
(to 28 August 1917)
Sigurður Eggerz
(from 28 August 1917)
4 January 1917 30 November 1918 1 year, 10 months, 26 days
(695 days)
Home Rule Party
Progressive Party
Independence Party

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dam, Poul (1996). Hvem var minister (3. edition). Aros. ISBN 87-7003-553-9. (in Danish)
  • Skou, Kaare R. (2005). Dansk politik A–Å. Aschehoug. ISBN 87-11-11652-8. (in Danish)
  • Sundbøl, Per (1978). Dansk Islandspolitik 1913-1918. Odense Universitetsforlag. ISBN 87-7492-246-7. (in Danish)