Minister for Immigration and Border Protection

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Minister for Immigration and Border Protection
Incumbent
Peter Dutton

since 23 December 2014 (2014-12-23)
Department of Immigration and
Border Protection
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor-General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Australia
Inaugural holder Arthur Calwell
Formation 13 July 1945 (1945-07-13)

The Australian Minister for Immigration and Border Protection is the Hon. Peter Dutton MP. The current Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection is the Hon. Alex Hawke MP

In the Government of Australia, the above Ministers administer these portfolios through the Department of Immigration and Border Protection.

Scope[edit]

The portfolio and department was created in July 1945, during the last months of World War II. Previously, immigration affairs were handled by the Minister for Home Affairs (1901–1932) and the Minister for the Interior (1932–1945), except that between January 1925 and January 1928 Reginald Wilson and Thomas Paterson were Ministers for Markets and Migration.[1]

The Minister for Immigration, Multicultural Affairs and Citizenship is usually one of the senior members of Cabinet, although between the Tenth Menzies Ministry and the Third Fraser Ministry, the post was downgraded to that of a junior minister. The minister and department have on several occasions been responsible for another portfolio in addition to immigration, such as ethnic/multicultural affairs, local government[2] or border protection.

List of Ministers for Immigration[edit]

The following individuals have been Ministers for Immigration and Border Protection, or any precedent titles:[3]

Order Minister Party Prime Minister Title Term start Term end Term in office
1 Arthur Calwell   Labor Chifley Minister for Immigration 13 July 1945 (1945-07-13) 19 December 1949 (1949-12-19) 4 years, 159 days
2 Harold Holt Liberal Menzies 19 December 1949 (1949-12-19) 24 October 1956 (1956-10-24) 6 years, 310 days
3 Athol Townley 24 October 1956 (1956-10-24) 19 March 1958 (1958-03-19) 1 year, 146 days
4 Alec Downer 19 March 1958 (1958-03-19) 18 December 1963 (1963-12-18) 5 years, 274 days
5 Hubert Opperman 18 December 1963 (1963-12-18) 26 January 1966 (1966-01-26) 2 years, 361 days
Holt 26 January 1966 (1966-01-26) 14 December 1966 (1966-12-14)
6 Billy Snedden 14 December 1966 (1966-12-14) 19 December 1967 (1967-12-19) 2 years, 333 days
McEwen 19 December 1967 (1967-12-19) 10 January 1968 (1968-01-10)
Gorton 10 January 1968 (1968-01-10) 12 November 1969 (1969-11-12)
7 Phillip Lynch McMahon 12 November 1969 (1969-11-12) 22 March 1971 (1971-03-22) 1 year, 130 days
8 Jim Forbes 22 March 1971 (1971-03-22) 5 December 1972 (1972-12-05) 1 year, 258 days
9 Lance Barnard1 Labor Whitlam 5 December 1972 (1972-12-05) 19 December 1972 (1972-12-19) 14 days
10 Al Grassby 19 December 1972 (1972-12-19) 12 June 1974 (1974-06-12) 1 year, 175 days
11 Clyde Cameron Minister for Labour and Immigration 12 June 1974 (1974-06-12) 6 June 1975 (1975-06-06) 359 days
12 Jim McClelland 6 June 1975 (1975-06-06) 11 November 1975 (1975-11-11) 158 days
13 Tony Street Liberal Fraser 12 November 1975 (1975-11-12) 22 December 1975 (1975-12-22) 40 days
14 Michael MacKellar Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs 22 December 1975 (1975-12-22) 8 December 1979 (1979-12-08) 3 years, 351 days
15 Ian Macphee 8 December 1979 (1979-12-08) 7 May 1982 (1982-05-07) 2 years, 150 days
16 John Hodges 7 May 1982 (1982-05-07) 11 March 1983 (1983-03-11) 308 days
17 Stewart West Labor Hawke 11 March 1983 (1983-03-11) 13 December 1984 (1984-12-13) 1 year, 277 days
18 Chris Hurford 13 December 1984 (1984-12-13) 16 February 1987 (1987-02-16) 2 years, 65 days
19 Mick Young Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs 16 February 1987 (1987-02-16) 12 February 1988 (1988-02-12) 361 days
20 Clyde Holding 12 February 1988 (1988-02-12) 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) 203 days
21 Robert Ray 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 1 year, 214 days
22 Gerry Hand 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 20 December 1991 (1991-12-20) 2 years, 354 days
Keating 20 December 1991 (1991-12-20) 24 March 1993 (1993-03-24)
23 Nick Bolkus Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs 24 March 1993 (1993-03-24) 11 March 1996 (1996-03-11) 2 years, 353 days
24 Philip Ruddock Liberal Howard Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs 11 March 1996 (1996-03-11) 26 November 2001 (2001-11-26) 7 years, 210 days
Minister for Immigration, Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs 26 November 2001 (2001-11-26) 7 October 2003 (2003-10-07)
25 Amanda Vanstone 7 October 2003 (2003-10-07) 27 January 2006 (2006-01-27) 3 years, 115 days
Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs 27 January 2006 (2006-01-27) 30 January 2007 (2007-01-30)
26 Kevin Andrews Minister for Immigration and Citizenship 30 January 2007 (2007-01-30) 3 December 2007 (2007-12-03) 307 days
27 Chris Evans Labor Rudd 3 December 2007 (2007-12-03) 24 June 2010 (2010-06-24) 2 years, 285 days
Gillard 24 June 2010 (2010-06-24) 14 September 2010 (2010-09-14)
28 Chris Bowen 14 September 2010 (2010-09-14) 4 February 2013 (2013-02-04) 2 years, 143 days
29 Brendan O'Connor 4 February 2013 (2013-02-04) 1 July 2013 (2013-07-01) 147 days
30 Tony Burke Rudd Minister for Immigration, Multicultural Affairs and Citizenship 1 July 2013 (2013-07-01) 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) 79 days
31 Scott Morrison Liberal Abbott Minister for Immigration and Border Protection 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) 23 December 2014 (2014-12-23) 1 year, 96 days
32 Peter Dutton   Liberal National 23 December 2014 (2014-12-23) 15 September 2015 (2015-09-15) 1 year, 252 days
  Turnbull 15 September 2015 (2015-09-15) Incumbent

Notes

1 Barnard was one of a two-man ministry consisting of himself and Gough Whitlam for two weeks until the full ministry was announced.

List of Ministers for Customs[edit]

From 1901 to 1956 Customs was handled by the Minister for Trade and Customs. In 1956 Frederick Osborne was appointed Minister for Customs and Excise. Kep Enderby was appointed Minister for Police and Customs in 1975. In 1975 responsibility for customs was absorbed into the portfolio of the Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs, John Howard. In May 1982, the portfolio of the Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs was abolished and customs functions were transferred to the Minister for Industry and Commerce, Phillip Lynch. In January 1988, Barry Jones became responsible for customs as Minister for Science, Customs and Small Business within John Button's portfolio of Industry and Commerce and there were subsequently junior ministers responsible for customs within the industry portfolio until March 1993 and from March 1994 until December 2007, when customs became part of the responsibility of the Minister for Home Affairs, Bob Debus.

The following individuals have been appointed as Minister for Justice and Customs, or any precedent title:[3]

Order Minister Party Prime Minister Title Term start Term end Term in office
1 Charles Kingston   Protectionist Barton Minister for Trade and Customs 1 January 1901 (1901-01-01) 24 July 1903 (1903-07-24) 2 years, 204 days
2 William Lyne 11 August 1903 (1903-08-11) 24 September 1903 (1903-09-24) 260 days
Deakin 24 September 1903 (1903-09-24) 27 April 1904 (1904-04-27)
3 Andrew Fisher   Labor Watson 27 April 1904 (1904-04-27) 17 August 1904 (1904-08-17) 112 days
4 Allan McLean   Protectionist Reid 17 August 1904 (1904-08-17) 5 July 1905 (1905-07-05) 322 days
5 William Lyne Deakin 5 July 1905 (1905-07-05) 30 July 1907 (1907-07-30) 2 years, 25 days
6 Austin Chapman 30 July 1907 (1907-07-30) 13 November 1908 (1908-11-13) 1 year, 106 days
7 Frank Tudor   Labor Fisher 13 November 1908 (1908-11-13) 2 June 1909 (1909-06-02) 201 days
8 Robert Best   Protectionist Deakin 2 June 1909 (1909-06-02) 29 April 1910 (1910-04-29) 331 days
n/a Frank Tudor   Labor Fisher 29 April 1910 (1910-04-29) 24 June 1913 (1913-06-24) 3 years, 56 days
9 Littleton Groom   Commonwealth Liberal Cook 24 June 1913 (1913-06-24) 17 September 1914 (1914-09-17) 1 year, 85 days
n/a Frank Tudor   Labor Fisher 17 September 1914 (1914-09-17) 27 October 1915 (1915-10-27) 1 year, 363 days
Hughes 27 October 1915 (1915-10-27) 14 September 1916 (1916-09-14)
10 Billy Hughes 29 September 1916 (1916-09-29) 14 November 1916 (1916-11-14) 61 days
11 William Archibald   National Labor 14 November 1916 (1916-11-14) 17 February 1917 (1917-02-17) 95 days
12 Jens Jensen   Nationalist 17 February 1917 (1917-02-17) 13 December 1918 (1918-12-13) 1 year, 299 days
13 William Watt 13 December 1918 (1918-12-13) 17 January 1919 (1919-01-17) 35 days
14 Walter Massy-Greene 17 January 1919 (1919-01-17) 21 December 1921 (1921-12-21) 2 years, 338 days
15 Arthur Rodgers 21 December 1921 (1921-12-21) 5 February 1923 (1923-02-05) 1 year, 46 days
n/a Austin Chapman Bruce 9 February 1923 (1923-02-09) 26 May 1924 (1924-05-26) 1 year, 107 days
n/a Littleton Groom 29 May 1924 (1924-05-29) 13 June 1924 (1924-06-13) 15 days
16 Herbert Pratten 13 June 1924 (1924-06-13) 7 May 1928 (1928-05-07) 3 years, 329 days
17 Stanley Bruce 8 May 1928 (1928-05-08) 24 November 1928 (1928-11-24) 200 days
18 Henry Gullett 24 November 1928 (1928-11-24) 22 October 1929 (1929-10-22) 332 days
19 James Fenton   Labor Scullin 22 October 1929 (1929-10-22) 4 February 1931 (1931-02-04) 1 year, 105 days
20 Frank Forde 4 February 1931 (1931-02-04) 6 January 1932 (1932-01-06) 336 days
n/a Henry Gullett   United Australia Lyons 6 January 1932 (1932-01-06) 14 January 1933 (1933-01-14) 1 year, 8 days
21 Thomas White 14 January 1933 (1933-01-14) 8 November 1938 (1938-11-08) 5 years, 298 days
22 John Perkins 8 November 1938 (1938-11-08) 7 April 1939 (1939-04-07) 169 days
Page 7 April 1939 (1939-04-07) 26 April 1939 (1939-04-26)
23 John Lawson Menzies 26 April 1939 (1939-04-26) 23 February 1940 (1940-02-23) 303 days
24 Robert Menzies 23 February 1940 (1940-02-23) 14 March 1940 (1940-03-14) 20 days
25 George McLeay 14 March 1940 (1940-03-14) 28 October 1940 (1940-10-28) 228 days
26 Eric Harrison 28 October 1940 (1940-10-28) 29 August 1941 (1941-08-29) 344 days
Fadden 29 August 1941 (1941-08-29) 7 October 1941 (1941-10-07)
27 Richard Keane   Labor Curtin 7 October 1941 (1941-10-07) 6 July 1945 (1945-07-06) 4 years, 201 days
Forde 6 July 1945 (1945-07-06) 13 July 1945 (1945-07-13)
Chifley 13 July 1945 (1945-07-13) 26 April 1946 (1946-04-26)
28 John Dedman 26 April 1946 (1946-04-26) 18 June 1946 (1946-06-18) 53 days
29 James Fraser 18 June 1946 (1946-06-18) 1 November 1946 (1946-11-01) 136 days
30 Ben Courtice 1 November 1946 (1946-11-01) 19 December 1949 (1949-12-19) 3 years, 184 days
31 Neil O'Sullivan   Liberal Menzies 19 December 1949 (1949-12-19) 11 January 1956 (1956-01-11) 6 years, 23 days
32 Frederick Osborne Minister for Customs and Excise 11 January 1956 (1956-01-11) 24 October 1956 (1956-10-24) 287 days
33 Denham Henty 24 October 1956 (1956-10-24) 10 June 1964 (1964-06-10) 7 years, 230 days
34 Ken Anderson 10 June 1964 (1964-06-10) 26 January 1966 (1966-01-26) 3 years, 263 days
Holt 26 January 1966 (1966-01-26) 19 December 1967 (1967-12-19)
McEwen 19 December 1967 (1967-12-19) 10 January 1968 (1968-01-10)
Gorton 10 January 1968 (1968-01-10) 28 February 1968 (1968-02-28)
35 Malcolm Scott 28 February 1968 (1968-02-28) 12 November 1969 (1969-11-12) 1 year, 257 days
36 Don Chipp 12 November 1969 (1969-11-12) 10 March 1971 (1971-03-10) 3 years, 23 days
McMahon 10 March 1971 (1971-03-10) 5 December 1972 (1972-12-05)
37 Gough Whitlam1   Labor Whitlam 5 December 1972 (1972-12-05) 19 December 1972 (1972-12-19) 14 days
38 Lionel Murphy 19 December 1972 (1972-12-19) 10 February 1975 (1975-02-10) 2 years, 53 days
39 Kep Enderby 10 February 1975 (1975-02-10) 27 March 1975 (1975-03-27) 116 days
Minister for Police and Customs 27 March 1975 (1975-03-27) 6 June 1975 (1975-06-06)
40 Jim Cavanagh 6 June 1975 (1975-06-06) 11 November 1975 (1975-11-11) 158 days
41 Ivor Greenwood   Liberal Fraser 11 November 1975 (1975-11-11) 22 December 1975 (1975-12-22) 41 days
42 John Howard Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs 22 December 1975 (1975-12-22) 17 July 1977 (1977-07-17) 1 year, 207 days
43 Wal Fife 17 July 1977 (1977-07-17) 8 December 1979 (1979-12-08) 2 years, 144 days
44 Victor Garland 8 December 1979 (1979-12-08) 3 November 1980 (1980-11-03) 331 days
45 John Moore 3 November 1980 (1980-11-03) 20 April 1982 (1982-04-20) 1 year, 168 days
46 Neil Brown 20 April 1982 (1982-04-20) 7 May 1982 (1982-05-07) 17 days
47 Phillip Lynch Minister for Industry and Commerce 7 May 1982 (1982-05-07) 11 October 1982 (1982-10-11) 157 days
48 Andrew Peacock 11 October 1982 (1982-10-11) 11 March 1983 (1983-03-11) 151 days
49 John Button   Labor Hawke 11 March 1983 (1983-03-11) 13 December 1984 (1984-12-13) 4 years, 314 days
Minister for Industry, Technology and Commerce 13 December 1984 (1984-12-13) 19 January 1988 (1988-01-19)
50 Barry Jones Minister for Science, Customs and Small Business 19 January 1988 (1988-01-19) 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 7 years, 24 days
51 David Beddall Minister for Small Business and Customs 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 20 December 1991 (1991-12-20) 2 years, 354 days
Keating 20 December 1991 (1991-12-20) 27 December 1991 (1991-12-27)
Minister for Small Business, Construction and Customs 27 December 1991 (1991-12-27) 24 March 1993 (1993-03-24)
52 Alan Griffiths Minister for Industry, Technology and Regional Development 24 March 1993 (1993-03-24) 23 January 1994 (1994-01-23) 305 days
53 Peter Cook 30 January 1994 (1994-01-30) 25 March 1994 (1994-03-25) 61 days
54 Chris Schacht Minister for Small Business, Customs and Construction 25 March 1994 (1994-03-25) 11 March 1996 (1996-03-11) 1 year, 352 days
55 Geoff Prosser   Liberal Howard Minister for Small Business and Consumer Affairs 11 March 1996 (1996-03-11) 18 July 1997 (1997-07-18) 1 year, 129 days
56 Chris Ellison Minister for Customs and Consumer Affairs 18 July 1997 (1997-07-18) 9 October 1997 (1997-10-09) 83 days
57 Warren Truss   Nationals 9 October 1997 (1997-10-09) 21 October 1998 (1998-10-21) 1 year, 12 days
58 Amanda Vanstone   Liberal Minister for Justice and Customs 21 October 1998 (1998-10-21) 30 January 2001 (2001-01-30) 2 years, 101 days
59 Chris Ellison 30 January 2001 (2001-01-30) 9 March 2007 (2007-03-09) 6 years, 38 days
60 David Johnston 9 March 2007 (2007-03-09) 3 December 2007 (2007-12-03) 269 days

Notes

1 Whitlam was one of a two-man ministry consisting of himself and Lance Barnard for two weeks until the full ministry was announced.

List of assistant ministers[edit]

On 24 July 1987 (1987-07-24) the third Hawke ministry implemented a two-level ministerial structure, with distinctions drawn between senior and junior ministers. This arrangement has been continued by subsequent governments; although there has not always been a junior minister in the immigration portfolio. Senior ministers are shown above. Junior ministers are shown below. The following individuals have been appointed as Assistant Minister for Multicultural Affairs, or any precedent titles:[3]

Order Minister Party affiliation Prime Minister Ministerial title Term start Term end Term in office
1 Clyde Holding   Labor Hawke Minister Assisting the Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs 2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) 4 April 1990 (1990-04-04) 1 year, 214 days
2 Gary Hardgrave   Liberal Howard Minister for Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs 26 November 2001 (2001-11-26) 26 October 2004 (2004-10-26) 2 years, 335 days
3 Peter McGauran   National 26 October 2004 (2004-10-26) 6 July 2005 (2005-07-06) 253 days
4 John Cobb   6 July 2005 (2005-07-06) 27 January 2006 (2006-01-27) 205 days
5 Kate Lundy   Labor Gillard Minister for Multicultural Affairs 5 March 2012 (2012-03-05) 27 June 2013 (2013-06-27) 1 year, 197 days
  Rudd 27 June 2013 (2013-06-27) 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18)
6 Michaelia Cash Liberal Abbott Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection 18 September 2013 (2013-09-18) 15 September 2015 (2015-09-15) 2 years, 3 days
Turnbull 15 September 2015 (2015-09-15) 21 September 2015
7 James McGrath Liberal Turnbull Assistant Minister for Immigration and Border Protection 18 February 2016 (2016-02-18) 18 July 2016 (2016-07-18) 195 days
9 Alex Hawke 19 July 2016 (2016-07-19) Incumbent 43 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Calwell Onward: Immigration Ministers in the Library's Oral History Collection". National Library of Australia. June 2005. 
  2. ^ "Immigration Ministers in Manuscripts". National Library of Australia. August 2005. 
  3. ^ a b c "Ministries and Cabinets". 43rd Parliamentary Handbook: Historical information on the Australian Parliament. Parliament of Australia. 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 

External links[edit]