Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship
|Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship of Canada|
|Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada|
|Appointer||Governor General of Canada|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Sergio Marchi|
|Formation||30 June 1994|
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The Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship, previously the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (French: Ministre de la Citoyenneté et de l’Immigration) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal government department responsible for immigration, refugee and citizenship issues, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. The Minister is also responsible for the Immigration and Refugee Board.
Prior to 1950, the responsibilities of the original Citizenship and Immigration portfolio were largely within the post of Minister of Reconstruction and Supply, with the Indian Affairs branch the responsibility of the Minister of Mines and Resources. In 1966, the portfolio was largely replaced by that of the Minister of Manpower and Immigration, while the Indian Affairs branch was relocated to the new portfolio of Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
Prior to 1994, the responsibilities of the current Citizenship and Immigration portfolio were divided between the posts of Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship and Minister of Employment and Immigration. When the post of Minister of Citizenship and Immigration was resuscitated in 1994, those two portfolios were substantially revamped.
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Political party||Ministry|
|Minister of Citizenship and Immigration|
|1||Walter Harris||January 18, 1950||June 30, 1954||Liberal||17 (St. Laurent)|
|2||Jack Pickersgill||July 1, 1954||June 21, 1957||Liberal|
|–||Davie Fulton (Acting)||June 21, 1957||May 11, 1958||Progressive Conservative||18 (Diefenbaker)|
|3||Ellen Fairclough||May 12, 1958||August 8, 1962||Progressive Conservative|
|4||Dick Bell||August 9, 1962||April 22, 1963||Progressive Conservative|
|5||Guy Favreau||April 22, 1963||February 2, 1964||Liberal||19 (Pearson)|
|6||René Tremblay||February 3, 1964||February 14, 1965||Liberal|
|7||John Robert Nicholson||February 15, 1965||December 17, 1965||Liberal|
|8||Jean Marchand||December 18, 1965||September 30, 1966||Liberal|
For ministers responsible for immigration between 1966-1977, see Minister of Manpower and Immigration (Canada).
For ministers responsible for immigration between 1977-1994, see Minister of Employment and Immigration (Canada).
|9||Sergio Marchi||June 30, 1994||January 24, 1996||Liberal||26 (Chrétien)|
|10||Lucienne Robillard||January 25, 1996||August 2, 1999||Liberal|
|11||Elinor Caplan||August 3, 1999||January 14, 2002||Liberal|
|12||Denis Coderre||January 15, 2002||December 11, 2003||Liberal|
|13||Judy Sgro||December 12, 2003||January 13, 2005||Liberal||27 (Martin)|
|14||Joe Volpe||January 14, 2005||February 5, 2006||Liberal|
|15||Monte Solberg||February 6, 2006||January 3, 2007||Conservative||28 (Harper)|
|16||Diane Finley||January 4, 2007||October 29, 2008||Conservative|
|17||Jason Kenney||October 30, 2008||July 15, 2013||Conservative|
|18||Chris Alexander||July 15, 2013||November 3, 2015||Conservative|
|Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship|
|19||John McCallum||November 4, 2015||Incumbent||Liberal||29 (J. Trudeau)|