Minister of Croatian Affairs of Hungary

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The Minister of Croatian Affairs of Hungary (Hungarian: horvát-szlavón-dalmát tárca nélküli miniszter; Croatian: hrvatsko-slavonsko-dalmatinski ministar bez lisnice) was a member of the Hungarian cabinet in Austria-Hungary. The position was created following the Croatian–Hungarian Agreement in 1868. The minister was appointed by the Croatian Parliament, the Sabor. The officeholder kept a connection between Croatia-Slavonia-Dalmatia and the Hungarian Kingdom (and also the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary). This position was without portfolio.

History of the position[edit]

In accordance with the Article 44 of the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement the position of minister without portfolio emerged, representing the interests of Croatia-Slavonia and Dalmatia in the Hungarian cabinet, who became responsible to the National Assembly in Pest (later Budapest), which also functioned as a joint legislature after 1868 (however the separately administered Dalmatia sent delegates to the Imperial Council, not the Hungarian parliament).[1] In December 1868, Koloman Bedeković was appointed the first Minister of Croatian Affairs. On 31 January 1869, Emperor-King Franz Joseph I ordered the abolition of the Croatian Court Chancellery in Vienna which was officially replaced by the Royal Ministry of Dalmatia, Croatia and Slavonia (after 1873 Ministry of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia) in the Hungarian capital. By May 1869 the ministry moved to Buda and seated at 16 Dísz Square.[2]

Ministers of Croatian Affairs of Hungary (1868–1919)[edit]

Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (1868–1918)[edit]

Parties   Croatian Unionist Party   Croatian National Party   Liberal Party/National Party of Work   National Constitution Party   Catholic People's Party   MSZDP   Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
1 Koloman Bedeković.jpg Koloman Bedeković
(1818–1889)
1st term
8 December 1868 10 February 1871 Unionist Party Andrássy
DP
3 (1865)
4 (1869)
2 Pejacsevich Péter.jpg Petar Pejačević
(1804–1887)
10 February 1871 14 November 1871 Independent
14 November 1871 4 December 1872 Lónyay
DP
5 (1872)
4 December 1872 21 March 1874 Szlávy
DP
21 March 1874 2 March 1875 Bittó
DPBK
(2) 2 March 1875 20 October 1875 Liberal Party Wenckheim
SZP
20 October 1875 25 February 1876 K. Tisza
SZP
6 (1875)
(1) Koloman Bedeković.jpg Koloman Bedeković
(1818–1889)
2nd term
25 February 1876 10 August 1889
(died in office)
Unionist Party
7 (1878)
8 (1881)
9 (1884)
10 (1887)
3 Josipovich Imre.jpg Emerik Josipović
(1834–1910)
23 August 1889 15 March 1890 Unionist Party
15 March 1890 19 November 1892 Szapáry
SZP
11 (1892)
19 November 1892 15 January 1895 Wekerle I
SZP
15 January 1895 10 December 1898 Bánffy
SZP
12 (1896)
4 Cseh Ervin.jpg Ervin Cseh
(1838–1918)
1st term
10 December 1898 26 February 1899 Independent
26 February 1899 27 June 1903 Széll
SZP
13 (1901)
5 Nikola Tomašić.JPG Nikola Tomašić
(1864–1918)
27 June 1903 3 November 1903 Croatian National Party Khuen-Héderváry I
SZP
(4) Cseh Ervin.jpg Ervin Cseh
(1838–1918)
2nd term
3 November 1903 18 June 1905 Independent I. Tisza I
SZP
14 (1905)
6 Coat of arms of the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown (1915-1918, 1919-1946; angels).svg Stjepan Kovačević
(1841–1913)
18 June 1905 8 April 1906 Independent Fejérváry
SZP
Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
acting
8 April 1906 23 April 1906 National Constitution Party Wekerle II
F48POAP–KNP–PDP
15 (1906)
7 Coat of arms of the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown (1915-1918, 1919-1946; angels).svg Gejza Josipović
(1857–1934)
1st term
23 April 1906 17 January 1910 Unionist Party
Khuen-Héderváry Károly.jpg Károly Khuen-Héderváry
(1849–1918)
acting
17 January 1910 22 April 1912 National Party of Work Khuen-Héderváry II
NMP
16 (1910)
(7) Coat of arms of the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown (1915-1918, 1919-1946; angels).svg Gejza Josipović
(1857–1934)
2nd term
22 April 1912 10 June 1913 Unionist Party Lukács
NMP
Istvan Tisza.jpg István Tisza
(1861–1918)
acting
10 June 1913 21 July 1913 National Party of Work I. Tisza II
NMP
8 Teodor Pejačević (Crnčić).jpg Teodor Pejačević
(1855–1928)
interned in France on 22 August 1914
21 July 1913 16 January 1916 Independent
Istvan Tisza.jpg István Tisza
(1861–1918)
acting for Teodor Pejačević
22 August 1914 16 January 1916 National Party of Work
9 Coat of arms of the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown (1915-1918, 1919-1946; angels).svg Imre Hideghéthy
(1860–1920)
16 January 1916 15 June 1917 Croatian National Party
10 Zichy Aladár.jpg Aladár Zichy
(1864–1937)
15 June 1917 18 August 1917 Catholic People's Party Esterházy
NMPF48POAP–PDP–KNP
11 Unkelhäusser Károly.JPEG Károly Unkelhäusser
(1866–1938)
18 August 1917 23 August 1917 Independent
23 August 1917 31 October 1918 Wekerle III
NMPF48POAP–PDP–KNP
12 Sigismund-kunfi-comisario-hungría--outlawsdiary00tormuoft.png Zsigmond Kunfi
(1879–1929)
6 November 1918 16 November 1918 MSZDP M. Károlyi
F48P–Károlyi–PRP–MSZDP
MNT (—)

Hungarian People's Republic (1918–1919)[edit]

Parties   MSZDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
1 Sigismund-kunfi-comisario-hungría--outlawsdiary00tormuoft.png Zsigmond Kunfi
(1879–1929)
16 November 1918 19 January 1919 MSZDP M. Károlyi
F48P–Károlyi–PRP–MSZDP
MNT (—)

After World War I[edit]

After the First World War the ministry was dissolved because Croatia-Slavonia became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and subsequently the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. However, the position de jure existed until the proclamation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in March 1919.

Zsigmond Kunfi, as the last de facto minister of Croatian Affairs, was entrusted with the ministry's liquidation between 6 November 1918 and 19 January 1919.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holjevac 2015, p. 419.
  2. ^ Holjevac 2015, p. 420.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Holjevac, Željko (2015). "A budapesti horvát minisztérium (1868–1918)". In Fodor, Pál; Sokcsevits, Dénes. A horvát–magyar együttélés fordulópontjai. Intézmények, társadalom, gazdaság, kultúra [Turning Points of the Croato-Hungarian Coexistence: Institutions, Society, Economy, Culture] (in Hungarian). MTA Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont. pp. 419–425. ISBN 978-963-416-019-9.