Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs (Albania)

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Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs
Ministria për Europën dhe Punëve të Jashtme
Ministria për Europën dhe Punët e Jashtme.svg
Department overview
Formed4 December 1912
Dissolved1939–1943
JurisdictionGovernment of Albania
HeadquartersDëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard
Tirana, Albania
Minister responsible
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs (Albanian: Ministria për Europën dhe Punët e Jashtme) is a department of the Albanian Government, in charge of diplomacy, foreign policy and the process of admission of Albania into the European Union. The ministry also provides support to Albanian citizens residing abroad. In September 2017, the ministry was restructured and it was merged with the Ministry of European Integration.

History[edit]

Establishment[edit]

The establishment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of the modern Albanian state dates back to the creation of the Provisional Government of Vlora on December 4, 1912, a few days after declaring Albania's secession from the Ottoman Empire. The Prime Minister of the Provisional Government, Ismail Qemali, also held the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs until June 1913.[1] Later this function passed to Myfit Bey Libohova who exercised it until the end of January 1914. The MFA in this period functioned as a section of the Provisional Government, with the main objective ensuring the recognition of Albania's independence from the Great Powers at the London Conference of Ambassadors.[citation needed] To accomplish this goal were also accomplished the first diplomatic services as was the diplomatic deployment of the Government of Vlora at the Ambassadorial Conference, headed by the personal diplomat of the Prime Minister, which was Rasih Dino.[2]

1914–1920[edit]

On March 7, 1914, the German prince Wilhelm Friedrich Heinrich arrives in Durrës. The Prince of Albania appointed on 17 March 1914 the "definitive government". The first Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the newly recognized Albanian state was Turhan Pashë Përmeti,[3] former ambassador of the Ottoman Empire in Saint Petersburg. Turhan Pasha remained foreign minister until May 28, 1914, later replaced by Prenk Bib Doda and the latter, after July, was followed by Mehmet Konica.[4]

Since Italy and Austria-Hungary were the authors of the formula for recognition of Albania's independence, Captain Castoldi, an Italian officer, was "commanded" at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for diplomatic missions. He and the Austrian diplomat Carl Buchberger formed the prince's political cabinet.[5] The first official Albanian diplomatic representation was established in Vienna, represented by Syrja bey Vlora, and in Rome, represented by Myfid bej Libohova. The government and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania operated until the eve of the First World War in September 1914. On September 3, Prince William of Wied left Albania and the country turned into a theater of war in the Balkan states and the Great Powers.[citation needed]

1920–1925[edit]

In January 1920, in Lushnje, at the initiative of Albanian patriots and intellectuals of the time, a Congress was convened with representatives from all the liberated provinces of Albania, which would elect Albanian national government away from Italian influences. On January 30, 1920, the Albanian national government was created, with a broad support base.[6]

Its prime minister was Sulejman Delvina and Minister of Foreign Affairs Mehmet Konica.[7] Since the Peace Conference in Paris left unresolved recognition of the independence and borders of Albania, as set forth in 1913, Foreign Minister Konica immediately embarked on the key European chancellors of the time to secure their support in reaching a decision-making for Albania. To build a foreign professional service, with a special decision of the Council of Ministers, in October 1920, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, M.Konica, was asked to find a consul from the old Austrian consuls to be hired for a 2-year period for organizing Albanian consulates and serving as teachers for those who wanted to enter the consular service of Albania. Then, in August 1921, the National Council (parliament), upon the proposal of the Foreign Policy Committee, decided to open the Albanian consulates in Brindisi, Trieste and Florence.[citation needed]

Officeholders (1912–present)[edit]

No. Name
Term in office
1 Ismail Qemali 4 December 1912 June 1913
2 Myfit Libohova June 1913 24 January 1914
3 Turhan Përmeti 17 March 1914 20 May 1914
4 Prenk Bib Doda 28 May 1914 3 September 1914
5 Myfit Libohova 25 December 1918 29 January 1920
6 Mehmet Konica 30 January 1920 14 November 1920
7 Iliaz Vrioni 19 November 1920 1 July 1921
8 Pandeli Evangjeli 11 July 1921 6 December 1921
9 Fan Noli 7 December 1921 12 December 1921
10 Xhafer Villa 12 December 1921 24 December 1921
11 Xhafer Ypi 24 December 1921 2 December 1922
12 Pandeli Evangjeli 2 December 1922 25 February 1924
13 Iliaz Vrioni 30 March 1924 27 May 1924
14 Sulejman Delvina 16 June 1924 23 December 1924
15 Iliaz Vrioni 24 December 1924 5 January 1925
16 Gjergj Koleci 6 January 1925 31 January 1925
17 Myfit Libohova 1 March 1925 23 September 1925
18 Hysen Vrioni 28 September 1925 10 February 1927
19 Iliaz Vrioni 12 February 1927 13 January 1929
20 Rauf Fico 14 January 1929 11 April 1931
21 Hysen Vrioni 20 April 1931 7 December 1932
22 Xhafer Villa 11 January 1933 6 October 1935
23 Fuat Asllani 21 October 1935 7 November 1936
24 Eqrem Libohova 9 January 1936 2 April 1939
25 Mihal Sherko 9 April 1939 12 April 1939
26 Xhemil Dino 12 April 1939 2 December 1941
27 Mehmet Konica 5 November 1943 6 February 1944
28 Bahri Omari 6 February 1944 17 July 1944
29 Eqrem Vlora 17 July 1944 28 August 1944
30 Ibrahim Biçaku 6 September 1944 29 November 1944
31 Omer Nishani 27 May 1944 18 March 1946
32 Enver Hoxha 22 March 1946 23 July 1953
33 Behar Shtylla 23 July 1953 17 June 1970
34 Nesti Nase 17 June 1970 30 June 1982
35 Reiz Malile 30 June 1982 21 February 1991
36 Muhamet Kapllani 22 February 1991 6 December 1991
37 Ilir Boçka 18 December 1991 11 April 1992
38 Alfred Serreqi 11 April 1992 11 July 1996
39 Tritan Shehu 11 July 1996 12 April 1997
40 Arjan Starova 12 April 1997 25 July 1997
41 Paskal Milo 25 July 1997 11 September 2001
42 Arta Dade 11 September 2001 30 July 2002
43 Ilir Meta 30 July 2002 18 July 2003
44 Luan Hajdaraga 18 July 2003 29 December 2003
45 Kastriot Islami 29 December 2003 12 September 2005
46 Besnik Mustafaj 12 September 2005 1 May 2007
47 Lulzim Basha 1 May 2007 17 September 2009
48 Ilir Meta 17 September 2009 17 September 2010
49 Edmond Haxhinasto 17 September 2010 2 July 2012
50 Edmond Panariti 3 July 2012 4 April 2013
51 Aldo Bumçi 4 April 2013 15 September 2013
52 Ditmir Bushati 15 September 2013 21 January 2019
53 Edi Rama 22 January 2019 Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "First Government of Albania". ShtetiWeb.
  2. ^ Puto, Arben (1982). L'indépendance albanaise et la diplomatie des grandes puissances: 1912–1914. Editions "8 Nëntori". p. 277.
  3. ^ Pearson 2006, pp. 117.
  4. ^ *Constantin Anastas Chekrezi, ed. (February 1919). "The Provisional Albanian Government – Hail, Free Albania!". The Adriatic Review. Boston, MA: Vatra. 1 (5–6): 186. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
  5. ^ Buchberger, Carl. "Erinnerungen aus meinen albanischen Jahren 1911–1914". Studia Albanica. pp. 237–254.
  6. ^ "Government of Sulejman Delvina". ShtetiWeb.
  7. ^ Lufta e popullit shqiptar per çlirimin kombetar, 1918–1920 ..., Volume 2 By Muin Çami page 64 ([1])