Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Serbia)

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Министарство спољних послова
Ministarstvo spoljnih poslova
Министарство спољних послова Републике Србије дању.jpg
Ministry of Foreign Affairs building
Ministry overview
Formed 15 January 1991; 26 years ago (1991-01-15)
Jurisdiction Government of Serbia
Headquarters Kneza Miloša street 24–26, Belgrade, Serbia
44°48′19.8″N 20°27′33″E / 44.805500°N 20.45917°E / 44.805500; 20.45917Coordinates: 44°48′19.8″N 20°27′33″E / 44.805500°N 20.45917°E / 44.805500; 20.45917
Annual budget $58.68 million (2017, planned)[1]
Minister responsible
Deputy Ministers responsible
Ministry executive
Website www.mfa.gov.rs
Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Serbia

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Министарство спољних послова / Ministarstvo spoljnih poslova) is the ministry in the government of Serbia which is in the charge of maintaining the consular affairs and foreign relations of Serbia. The current minister is Ivica Dačić, in office since 27 April 2014.

History[edit]

The foreign policy and diplomatic tradition of Serbia derive from its independent state in the twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Specific foreign policy and diplomatic experience of the Serbian state was drawn upon the vassal or autonomous state of the Serbian people during the various periods of the Ottoman domination in the Balkans, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries.

In the nineteenth century, when the movement for independence from the Ottoman Empire became irrepressible, especially after the First Serbian Uprising (1804) under Karađorđe and the Second Uprising (1815) under Miloš Obrenović, Serbia embarked upon an ever-broader diplomatic rapport with the Porte in Constantinople, with Russia, Austria, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and other European nations and neighboring states, such as Romania, Bulgaria and Greece. Serbia became fully independent and internationally recognized at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.

Among the states with which Serbia established diplomatic relations first (before that time diplomatic relations were limited to certain diplomatic functions) were Russia, Austria, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and a number of other European countries. The diplomatic relations with the United States, however, were established only in 1882, through the ratification of the Convention on trade and navigation and the Convention on consular relations.

Following the end of World War I, in which Serbia fought on the side of the Entente, Serbia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In the interwar period the Kingdom was a founding member of the League of Nations and of the Little Entente with Romania and Czechoslovakia as well as of the Balkan Treaty with Romania, Greece and Turkey. The Kingdom's joining of the Axis Tripartite Pact on March 25, 1941 was revoked, by the will of the Serbian people, on the streets of Belgrade two days later.

During World War II, in which Yugoslavia was allied against the Axis Powers, a new Yugoslav federal state came into being that was proclaimed and internationally recognized in 1945.

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a founding member of the United Nations in 1945 and of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in 1975. It was also one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement, which held two summit conferences in Belgrade, in 1961 and 1989. In the early fifties Yugoslavia was a member of the Balkan Treaty with Greece and Turkey.

Officials and organization[edit]

The current Minister of Foreign Affairs is Ivica Dačić. The State Secretary is Vera Mavrić[2] and the Secretary General is Zoran Marković. Assistant Ministers are Goran Aleksić for bilateral relations, Roksanda Ninčić for multilateral affairs, Duško Lopandić for the European Union, Zoran Vujić for security policy, and Šani Dermaku for consular affairs.[3]

Organization scheme of the ministry:[4]

  • Office of the Minister
    • Diplomatic Protocol
    • Special Services
      • Service for Investigation and Documentation
      • Security Service
      • Service for International Legal Affairs
      • Translations Service
      • ICT Department
    • Secretariat General
      • Directorate of Personnel and Legal Affairs
      • Accounts and Payments Directorate
      • Directorate of Archival Affairs
      • Service for Property-Legal, General and Common Affairs
      • Out-of-Hours Contact Office
      • Inspector General
      • Office of the State Secretary
        • Directorates General
          • Directorate General of Bilateral Relations
            • Directorate for Neighboring and South-East European Countries
            • Directorate for Europe
            • Directorate for Russia and Eurasia
            • Directorate for Americas
            • Directorate for Africa and the Middle East
            • Directorate for Asia, Australia and the Pacific
            • Directorate of Bilateral Economic Cooperation
            • Directorate for Borders
          • Directorate General of Multilateral Cooperation
            • Directorate for the United Nations
            • OSCE and CoE Directorate
            • Directorate of Multilateral Economic Cooperation
            • Directorate of Human Rights and Protection of the Environment
          • Directorate General for the European Union
            • Directorate for the Institutions of the European Union Countries
            • Directorate for Sectoral Affairs
            • Directorate for Regional Initiatives
          • Directorate General for NATO and Defense Affairs
            • Directorate for NATO
            • Partnership for Peace Directorate
            • Directorate for Weapons Control
            • MoD Coordination Section
          • Directorate General of Information and Culture
            • Directorate of Information
            • Directorate of International, Cultural, Educational, Scientific, Technological and Sports Cooperation
          • Directorate General of Consular Affairs and Diaspora
            • Directorate of Consular Affairs
            • Directorate of Development, Diaspora and Social Security Conventions
    • Councils
      • Council for Foreign Policy Strategy
      • Legal Council of the MFA
    • Diplomatic Academy

Serbian representation abroad[edit]

Serbia has a significant number of diplomatic missions abroad, representing its growing ties with the West along with Yugoslavia's historical ties with eastern Europe and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Serbia inherited about a third of the diplomatic facilities that belonged to the former Yugoslavia. After 2001 embassies in Chile, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Lebanon, Mongolia, North Korea, Pakistan, Thailand, Venezuela, Vietnam and Zimbabwe were closed due to financial or reciprocal reasons. In June 2008, the government of Serbia made the decision to close consulates in Bari, Graz and Malmö,[5] and later that year Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić announced plans to open a consulate-general in Knin, Croatia[6] and an embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[7]

On November 30, 2006, the Government of Serbia adopted the Memorandum of Agreement between the Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia on Consular Protection and Services to the Citizens of Montenegro. By this agreement, Serbian diplomatic missions provide consular services to the Montenegrin citizens on the territory of states in which Montenegro has no missions of its own.[8]

Ministry of Foreign Affairs maintains the following missions abroad:[9]

Serbia hosts 65 foreign embassies in Belgrade, 5 Consulates-Generals (two in Niš and Subotica and one in Vršac) and 4 Liaison offices (in Priština). Serbia also hosts representatives of the Palestinian National Authority and Sovereign Military Order of Malta and 13 Honorary Consuls, some accredited as Ambassadors.[10]

Diplomatic Academy[edit]

The first modern law on diplomatic service was passed in 1886 during the reign of King Milan. The Diplomatic Academy was formed in 1998 from the former diplomatic school of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Archive[edit]

The diplomatic archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is based on former activities of the diplomatic archive of the Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was founded on May 5, 1919 on the basis of the Decree, and it consisted of Documentation and Library of the Ministry, taken over from the Ministry of the Kingdom of Serbia and Montenegro. The Main Archive started to operate more effectively in the fall of 1924 since it was then that the Minister of Foreign Affairs formed an expert commission whose task was to inspect gathered documents on the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and make a plan of future operation of the Main archive. The Law on archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and diplomatic and consular missions of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia abroad has from April 5, 1930 been precise in stating which holdings of the archive would become part of the Main Archive. The Diplomatic Archive has published the collections of public documents on foreign affairs of the SFRY between 1945 and 1950 in eight volumes called Blue edition.

List of ministers[edit]

Foreign Ministers of Serbia prior to formation of Yugoslavia[edit]

This is a list of all the Foreign Ministers (and the Acting Foreign Ministers) of the Revolutionary Serbia, the Principality of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbia from the creation of this post in 1811 to the formation of Yugoslavia after World War I, in the late 1918. The list continues as a List of Foreign Ministers of Yugoslavia.

  Conservative Party   Liberal Party   Serbian Progressive Party   People's Radical Party   Independent Radical Party   Non-party

Minister
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Monarch
Revolutionary Serbia (1804–1815)
No avatar.png   Miljko Radonjić
Миљко Радоњић
(1770–1836)
4 February 1811 25 December 1812 Karađorđe
Principality of Serbia (1815–1882)
Dimitrije Davidović Cropped.jpg   Dimitrije Davidović
Димитрије Давидовић
(1789–1838)
8 June 1834 3 February 1835 Prince
Miloš
Avram Petronijević.jpg   Avram Petronijević
Аврам Петронијевић
(1791–1852)
3 February 1835 3 May 1840
No avatar.png   Đorđe Protić
Ђорђе Протић
(1793–1857)
3 May 1840 26 October 1842 Prince
Mihailo
No avatar.png   Aleksa Janković
Алекса Јанковић
Acting
(1806–1869)
26 October 1842 24 September 1843 Prince
Alexander
Aleksa Simić crop.jpg   Aleksa Simić
Алекса Симић
(1800–1872)
24 September 1843 29 September 1844
Avram Petronijević.jpg   Avram Petronijević
Аврам Петронијевић
(1791–1852)
29 September 1844 10 April 1852
No avatar.png   Aleksa Janković
Алекса Јанковић
Acting
(1806–1869)
10 April 1852 13 September 1852
Ilija Garašanin table crop.jpg   Ilija Garašanin
Илија Гарашанин
(1812–1874)
13 September 1852 14 March 1853
Aleksa Simić crop.jpg   Aleksa Simić
Алекса Симић
(1800–1872)
14 March 1853 16 December 1855
No avatar.png   Aleksa Janković
Алекса Јанковић
(1806–1869)
16 December 1855 29 May 1856
No avatar.png   Stevan Marković
Стеван Марковић
(1804–1864)
29 May 1856 16 September 1856
Aleksa Simić crop.jpg   Aleksa Simić
Алекса Симић
(1800–1872)
16 September 1856 19 June 1857
No avatar.png   Stevan Marković
Стеван Марковић
(1804–1864)
19 June 1857 31 March 1858
Stevan Magazinovic.jpg   Stevan Magazinović
Стеван Магазиновић
(1804–1874)
31 March 1858 6 April 1859 Prince
Miloš
Cvetko Rajovic.jpg   Cvetko Rajović
Цветко Рајовић
(1793–1874)
6 April 1859 27 October 1860
Filip Hristic1.jpg   Filip Hristić
Филип Христић
(1819–1905)
27 October 1860 9 October 1861 Prince
Mihailo
Ilija Garašanin table crop.jpg   Ilija Garašanin
Илија Гарашанин
(1812–1874)
9 October 1861 3 November 1867
Jovan Ristić Crop.jpg   Jovan Ristić
Јован Ристић
(1831–1899)
3 November 1867 21 November 1867
No avatar.png   Milan Petronijević
Милан Петронијевић
(1831–1914)
21 November 1867 21 June 1868
Radivoj Milojkovic.jpg   Radivoj Milojković
Радивој Милојковић
Acting
(1833–1888)
21 June 1868 24 September 1868 Prince
Milan
Dimitrije Matic.jpg   Dimitrije Matić
Димитрије Матић
Acting
(1821–1884)
24 September 1868 10 August 1872
Jovan Ristić Crop.jpg   Jovan Ristić
Јован Ристић
(1831–1899)
10 August 1872 22 October 1873
No avatar.png   Jovan Marinović
Јован Мариновић
(1821–1893)
22 October 1873 25 November 1874
No avatar.png   Milan Piroćanac
Милан Пироћанац
(1837–1897)
25 November 1874 20 January 1875
Milan Bogicevic.JPG   Milan Bogićević
Милан Богићевић
(1840–1929)
20 January 1875 19 August 1875
Jovan Ristić Crop.jpg   Jovan Ristić
Јован Ристић
(1831–1899)
19 August 1875 26 September 1875
Djordje Pavlovic.jpg   Đorđe Pavlović
Ђорђе Павловић
(1838–1921)
26 September 1875 24 April 1876
Jovan Ristić Crop.jpg   Jovan Ristić
Јован Ристић
(1831–1899)
24 April 1876 21 October 1880
Cedomilj Mijatovic cropped.jpg   Čedomilj Mijatović
Чедомиљ Мијатовић
(1842–1932)
21 October 1880 10 October 1881
No avatar.png   Milan Piroćanac
Милан Пироћанац
(1837–1897)
10 October 1881 7 March 1882
Kingdom of Serbia (1882–1918)
No avatar.png   Milan Piroćanac
Милан Пироћанац
(1837–1897)
7 March 1882 21 September 1883 King
Milan I
Milan Bogicevic.JPG   Milan Bogićević
Милан Богићевић
(1840–1929)
21 September 1883 7 February 1884
Milutin Garasanin1.jpg   Milutin Garašanin
Милутин Гарашанин
(1843–1898)
7 February 1884 23 March 1886
DragutinFaranasović.jpg   Dragutin Franasović
Драгутин Франасовић
(1842–1914)
23 March 1886 1 June 1887
Jovan Ristić Crop.jpg   Jovan Ristić
Јован Ристић
(1831–1899)
1 June 1887 19 December 1887
DragutinFaranasović.jpg   Dragutin Franasović
Драгутин Франасовић
(1842–1914)
19 December 1887 14 April 1888
Cedomilj Mijatovic cropped.jpg   Čedomilj Mijatović
Чедомиљ Мијатовић
(1842–1932)
14 April 1888 23 February 1889
Sava Grujic crop.jpg   Sava Grujić
Сава Грујић
(1840–1913)
23 February 1889 11 February 1891 King
Alexander I
Mihailo Kr Djordjevic.jpg   Mihailo Kr. Đorđević
Михаило Кр. Ђорђевић
(1850–1901)
11 February 1891 21 March 1892
Nikola Pašić cph.3b31626.jpg   Nikola Pašić
Никола Пашић
(1845–1926)
21 March 1892 9 August 1892
Jovan Avakumovic Crop.jpg   Jovan Avakumović
Јован Авакумовић
(1841–1928)
9 August 1892 1 April 1893
Andra Nikolic.jpg   Andra Nikolić
Андра Николић
(1853–1918)
1 April 1893 23 November 1893
Sava Grujic crop.jpg   Sava Grujić
Сава Грујић
(1840–1913)
23 November 1893 12 January 1894
DjordjeSimic--dasknigreichse03kaniuoft.jpg   Đorđe Simić
Ђорђе Симић
(1843–1921)
12 January 1894 21 March 1894
Sima lozanic.jpg   Sima Lozanić
Сима Лозанић
(1847–1935)
21 March 1894 15 October 1894
Milan Bogicevic.JPG   Milan Bogićević
Милан Богићевић
(1840–1929)
15 October 1894 25 June 1895
Stojan Novaković with signature cropped.jpg   Stojan Novaković
Стојан Новаковић
(1842–1915)
25 June 1895 17 December 1896
DjordjeSimic--dasknigreichse03kaniuoft.jpg   Đorđe Simić
Ђорђе Симић
(1843–1921)
17 December 1896 11 October 1897
VladanDjordjevic.jpg   Vladan Đorđević
Владан Ђорђевић
(1844–1930)
11 October 1897 8 July 1900
AleksaSJovanovic--dasknigreichse03kaniuoft.jpg   Aleksa Jovanović
Алекса Јовановић
(1846–1920)
12 July 1900 5 February 1901
Dr Mihailo Vujic.jpg   Mihailo Vujić
Михаило Вујић
(1853–1913)
5 February 1901 7 October 1902
Vasilije Antonic.jpg   Vasilije Antonić
Василије Антонић
(1860–1929)
7 October 1902 23 December 1902
Sima lozanic.jpg   Sima Lozanić
Сима Лозанић
(1847–1935)
23 December 1902 23 March 1903
Pavle Denic.jpg   Pavle Denić
Павле Денић
Acting
(1855–1939)
23 March 1903 29 May 1903
Ljubomir Kaljevic1.jpg   Ljubomir Kaljević
Љубомир Каљевић
(1841–1907)
29 May 1903 21 September 1903 King
Peter I
Andra Nikolic.jpg   Andra Nikolić
Андра Николић
(1853–1918)
21 September 1903 20 January 1904
Nikola Pašić cph.3b31626.jpg   Nikola Pašić
Никола Пашић
(1845–1926)
26 January 1904 16 May 1905
Jovan Zujovic.jpg   Jovan Žujović
Јован Жујовић
(1856–1936)
16 May 1905 2 December 1905
Vasilije Antonic.jpg   Vasilije Antonić
Василије Антонић
(1860–1929)
2 December 1905 17 April 1906
Nikola Pašić cph.3b31626.jpg   Nikola Pašić
Никола Пашић
(1845–1926)
17 April 1906 7 July 1908
Milovan Milovanovic.jpg   Milovan Milovanović
Милован Миловановић
(1863–1912)
7 July 1908 18 June 1912
Jovan Jovanovic Pizon.jpg   Jovan Jovanović Pižon
Јован Јовановић Пижон
(1869–1939)
18 June 1912 27 August 1912
Nikola Pašić cph.3b31626.jpg   Nikola Pašić
Никола Пашић
(1845–1926)
30 August 1912 10 March 1918
No avatar.png   Mihailo Gavrilović
Михаило Гавриловић
Acting
(1868–1924)
10 March 1918 3 November 1918
Stojan protic.jpg   Stojan Protić
Стојан Протић
Acting
(1857–1923)
3 November 1918 7 December 1918

Foreign Ministers of Serbia since 1991[edit]

Ivica Dačić, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia.

This list includes Ministers of Foreign Affairs from 1991 to 1993, and after the dissolution of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006. For previous ministers, see Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Yugoslavia).

Political Party:   SPS   SPO   DS   n-p

Name
(Birth–Death)
Party Term of Office Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
Branko Mikašinović
(1938–)
SPS 15 January 1991 31 July 1991 Zelenović (I)
Vladislav Jovanović
(1933–)
SPS 31 July 1991 14 July 1992 Zelenović (I)
Božović (I)
30 September 1992 4 March 1993
ministry abolished
Vuk Drašković
(1946–)
SPO 4 June 2006 15 May 2007 Koštunica (I)
Vuk Jeremić
(1975–)
DS 15 May 2007 27 July 2012 Koštunica (II)
Cvetković (I)
Ivan Mrkić
(1953–)
n-p 27 July 2012 27 April 2014 Dačić (I)
Ivica Dačić
(1966–)
SPS 27 April 2014 Present Vučić (III)
Brnabić (I)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ZAKON O BUDŽETU REPUBLIKE SRBIJE ZA 2017. GODINU". paragraf.rs (in Serbian). Službeni glasnik RS. Retrieved 2 July 2017. 
  2. ^ State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia
  3. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Officials
  4. ^ The Organisational Structure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  5. ^ "Vlada zatvara konzulate u Gracu i Malmeu" (in Serbian). RTV. 16 June 2008. 
  6. ^ "Srbija otvara konzulat u Kninu" (in Serbian). RTV Studio B. 28 May 2008. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "Malaysia freezes recognition procedure". B92. 11 August 2008. Archived from the original on 8 August 2009. 
  8. ^ Memorandum on Services to Montenegrin Citizens Takes Effect
  9. ^ "Serbian Diplomatic Missions". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "Foreign Diplomatic Missions" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 

External links[edit]