Minister of Foreign Affairs (Turkey)

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Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey
Dışişleri Bakanı
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Emblem of Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu

since November 24, 2015
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Residence Dışişleri Konutu
Appointer Recep Tayyip Erdoğan,
as President of Turkey
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Bekir Sami Kunduh
Formation May 3, 1920
Website Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Turkey
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey is the government minister who heads the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and is a member of the Cabinet of Turkey. The minister is responsible for overseeing the international relations of the government, though specific relations involving Turkey's accession negotiations with the European Union are handled by the Ministry of European Union Affairs.

The office was established in 1920 during the Turkish War of Independence, after which Bekir Sami Kunduh became the first Minister to hold the office. The incumbent officeholder is Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, who took office on 24 November 2015 after Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu formed his third government.

History of the office[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

Before the establishment of the Turkish Republic, foreign affairs were handled by the 'Reis-ül Küttap' (Head Secretary) of the Ottoman Empire until the 19th century. In 1836, the Head Secretariat was upgraded to a Ministry and became the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Ottoman Empire, with the last Reis-ül Küttap, Yozgatlı Akif Efendi, becoming the first minister responsible.

Republic era[edit]

With the establishment of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey during the War of Independence, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey was established on 3 May 1920 with Bekir Sami Kunduh becoming the first minister responsible, with the legislative Act No. 1154 in 1927 laying down the legal functions of the Foreign Ministry. The Turkish diplomatic service was significantly expanded after the Second World War despite ASALA terrorist attacks against Turkish diplomats occurring in the 1970s.[1]

List of Ministers of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Since the office was established in 1920, there have been 43 Ministers of Foreign Affairs. Ministers are appointed by the Prime Minister of Turkey as part of his or her cabinet, after which the President of Turkey validates the appointment of the minister. The minister is usually a Member of Parliament, though Prime Ministers reserve the right to appoint ministers from outside parliament if they see fit. A notable example was the appointment of Ahmet Davutoğlu as foreign minister in 2009 despite not being an MP.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]