Ministry of Justice (France)

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Minister of Justice and Keeper of the Seals of the French Republic
Ministre de la Justice et Garde des Sceaux
Nicole Belloubet, Ministre de la Justice (cropped).jpg
Nicole Belloubet

since 21 June 2017
Ministry of Justice
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the Republic
The Prime Minister
SeatPlace Vendôme, Paris 1st, France
NominatorThe Prime Minister
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formationv. 497
v. 750: office of Keeper of the Seals of France
1790 : Ministry of Justice
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French Ministry of Justice in Place Vendome, Paris, France

The Ministry of Justice is controlled by the French Minister of Justice - Keeper of the Seals (Ministre de la Justice - Garde des Sceaux), a top-level cabinet position in the French Government. The current Minister of Justice is Nicole Belloubet. The ministry is headquartered in Paris.[1]

The roles of the minister are to:[2]

  • oversee the building, maintenance and administration of courts;
  • sit as vice-president of the judicial council (which oversees the judicial performance and advises on prosecutiorial performance);
  • supervise public prosecutions;
  • direct corrections and the prison system
  • propose legislation affecting civil or criminal law or procedure.

The Minister of Justice also holds the ceremonial office of Keeper of the Seals and, as such, is custodian of the Great Seal of France. This symbolic role is still shown in the order of words of the minister's official designation, "Keeper of Seals, Minister of Justice" (Garde des Sceaux, Ministre de la Justice).

France's Ministry of Justice might oversee the administration of justice in French Guiana, French Polynesia, Guadeloupe, Jersey, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Réunion, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.[3][4][5]

Bureaus and offices[edit]

The French Ministry of Justice is subdivided into a number of departments, namely:

  • Cabinet du ministre – Cabinet to the Minister
  • Secrétariat général – Administration
  • Inspection Générale des Services Judiciaires (IGSJ) – Office of Inspector General
  • Direction des Services Judiciaires (DSJ) – Office of Court Administration
  • Direction des Affaires civiles et du Sceau (DACS) – Office of Civil Justice
  • Direction des affaires criminelles et des grâces (DACG) – Office of Public Prosecutions
  • French Prison Service (Direction de l'administration pénitentiaire (DAP) – "Bureau of Correctionary Administration")[6]
  • Direction de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse (DPJJ) – Office of Juvenile Justice
  • Service de contrôle budgétaire et comptable ministériel (SDM) – Office of Accounting and Budget

French Prison Service[edit]

La Santé Prison, a unit of the French Prison Service

In 2010 the prisons in the French Prison Service has one of the highest rates of prisoner suicide in Europe.[7]

Former Ministers of Justice[edit]

1790 to the Third Republic[edit]

Third Republic[edit]

Vichy France[edit]

Free France[edit]

Fourth Republic[edit]

Fifth Republic[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Contact." Ministry of Justice. Updated on 21 may 2012.
  2. ^ Travaillot, Françoise. "French Ministry of Justice." Ministry of Justice (France). 15 September. 1. Retrieved on 6 May 2010.
  3. ^ "Juridictions judiciaires d'outre-mer". (in French). Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  4. ^ "Mayotte". (in French). Retrieved 2018-07-17.
  5. ^ "Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon". Ministère des Outre-mer (in French). Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  6. ^ Living in Detention – Handbook for New Inmates – French Prison Service (in English). Ministry of Justice. Retrieved on 21 May 2010.
  7. ^ Davies, Lizzy. "French prison system under scrutiny after suicide." The Guardian. Monday 22 February 2010. Retrieved on 20 May 2010.

External links[edit]