Cabinet of Bangladesh

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Third Hasina Cabinet
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
19th Council of Ministers of Bangladesh
Incumbent
Sheikh Hasina - 2009 cropped.jpg
Hasina
Date formed 14 January 2014 (2014-01-14)
People and organisations
Head of state Abdul Hamid
Head of government Sheikh Hasina
No. of ministers 33 Cabinet Ministers
18 State Ministers
2 Deputy Ministers.
Total no. of ministers 53
Member parties Awami League
Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal
Jatiya Party (Ershad)
Jatiya Party (Manju)
Workers Party of Bangladesh
Status in legislature 98-seat single-party majority
273 / 350
Opposition party Jatiya Party
Opposition leader Rowshan Ershad
History
Legislature term(s) 10th Parliament
Predecessor Hasian II
National emblem of Bangladesh.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bangladesh

The Cabinet of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের মন্ত্রিসভাBānglādēśēr Mantri'sabhā) or Council of Ministers (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের মন্ত্রিপরিষদBānglādēśēr Mantri'pariṣad) is the chief executive body of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The Cabinet is the collective decision-making body of the entire government under the Office of the Prime Minister, composed of the Prime Minister and some 33 Cabinet Ministers, 18 State Ministers and 2 Deputy Ministers.[1][2]

Responsibility[edit]

Ministers of the government, according to the Constitution of Bangladesh, are selected primarily from the elected members of House of Nation, also known as Jatiya Sangsad. Cabinet Ministers are heads of government departments, mostly with the office of the "Minister of [department, e.g. Defence]". The collective co-ordinating function of the Cabinet is reinforced by the statutory position that all the Ministers jointly hold the same office, and can exercise the same powers.

The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the parliamentary system of government in traditional constitutional theory of Bangladesh. This interpretation was originally put across in the work of the Bangladesh constitution in 1972. The political and decision-making authority of the cabinet has been gradually increased over the last few decades, with some claiming its role has been usurped by "Prime Ministerial" (i.e. more "presidential") government.

The Cabinet is the executive committee of The Prime Minister's Office, a historic body which has legislative, judicial and executive functions, and whose large membership does include member(s) of the Opposition or Coalition. Its decisions are generally implemented either under the existing powers of individual government departments, or by the Cabinet Secretary, the most senior civil servant in Bangladesh.

Council of Ministers[edit]

The most influential part of the executive of the Bangladesh government are the ministries.[4] A ministry headed by a Minister or State minister (Independent Charges) shall be responsible for conducting the business of his Ministry/Division in the Parliament unless otherwise directed by the Prime Minister's Office. The Secretary is the administrative head of a ministry or division; and is assisted by a Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Senior Assistant Secretary and Assistant Secretary. A few ministries consist of more than one division.

There are four categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:

  • Minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry
  • State Minister (Independent Charges): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister; leads a ministry
  • State Minister: junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry
  • Deputy Minister: most junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister or Minister of State (Independent Charges)
Political parties
Other factions


Government Seal of Bangladesh.svg
Government Seal of Bangladesh
Minister Secretariat and Executive offices Advisers, State Minister and Deputy Minister
Sheikh Hasina Wazed Prime Minister
Cabinet Division
Ministry of Defence
Armed Forces Division
National Economic Council
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
Advisers (Accorded status of a Minister):[5]
Hossain Toufique Imam (Political Affairs)
Dr. Mashiur Rahman (Economic Affairs)
Dr. Gowher Rizvi (International Affairs)
Dr. Tawfiq-e-Elahi Chowdhury (Power, Energy and Mineral Resources)
Maj. Gen. (Rtd) Tarique Ahmed Siddique (Security Affairs)
Vacant Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources State minister: Nasrul Hamid
Sayed Ashraful Islam Ministry of Public Administration State minister: Ismat Ara Sadek
Abul Maal Abdul Muhith Ministry of Finance State minister: Muhammad Abdul Mannan
Amir Hossain Amu Ministry of Industries
Tofael Ahmed Ministry of Commerce
Matia Chowdhury Ministry of Agriculture
Asaduzzaman Khan Ministry of Home Affairs
Mohammed Nasim Ministry of Health and Family Welfare State minister: Zahid Maleque
Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development and Co-operative State minister: Mashiur Rahaman Ranga
(Rural Development and Co-operatives Division)
Nurul Islam Ministry of Expatriates' Welfare and Overseas Employment
A.K.M. Shahjahan Kamal Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism
Yafes Osman Ministry of Science and Technology
Motiur Rahman Ministry of Religious Affairs
Mosharraf Hossain Ministry of Housing and Public Works
Mozammel Haque Ministry of Liberation War Affairs
Narayan Chandra Chan Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock
Emaz Uddin Pramanik Ministry of Textiles and Jute State minister: Mirza Azam
Obaidul Quader Ministry of Road Transport and Bridges
Hasanul Haq Inu Ministry of Information State minister: Tarana Halim
Anwar Hossain Manju Ministry of Water Resources State minister: Muhammad Nazrul Islam
Anisul Islam Mahmud Ministry of Environment and Forest Deputy minister: Abdullah Al Islam Jacob
Nurul Islam Nahid Ministry of Education State minister: Kazi Keramat Ali
(Technical and Madrassah Education Division)
Shahjahan Khan Ministry of Shipping
Anisul Huq Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs
Mofazzal Hossain Chowdhury Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief
Abul Hassan Mahmud Ali Ministry of Foreign Affairs State minister: Shahriar Alam
Mujibul Haque Mujib Ministry of Railways
Mustafa Kamal Ministry of Planning State minister: Muhammad Abdul Mannan
Mustafa Jabbar Ministry of Posts, Telecommunications & Information Technology State minister: Zunaid Ahmed Palak
(Information and Communication Technology Division)
Mostafizur Rahman Ministry of Primary and Mass Education
Asaduzzaman Noor Ministry of Cultural Affairs
Shamshur Rahaman Sherif Ministry of Land State minister: Saifuzzaman Chowdhury
Qamrul Islam Ministry of Food
Rashed Khan Menon Ministry of Social Welfare State minister: Nuruzzaman Ahmed
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Labour and Employment State minister (Independent charge): Mujibul Haque
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs State minister (Independent charge): Ushwe Sing
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Youth and Sports State minister (Independent charge): Biren Sikder
Deputy minister: Arif Khan
(State Minister in charge) Ministry of Women and Children Affairs State minister (Independent charge): Meher Afroz Chumki

List of cabinets[edit]

No. Cabinet Formation date Election Governing party Governing system
1 Mujib I 17 April 1971 None Bangladesh Awami League Provisional
2 Mujib II 12 January 1972 1970 Bangladesh Awami League Provisional
3 Mujib III 16 March 1973 1973 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
4 Mujib IV 25 January 1975 None Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League One-party state
5 Mostaq 15 August 1975 None Military Dictatorship Authoritarianism
6 Sayem 6 November 1975 None Military dictatorship Authoritarianism
7 Zia 21 April 1977 None Military dictatorship Junta
8 Sattar 30 May 1981 1981 Bangladesh Nationalist Party Presidential
9 Ershad 24 March 1982 None Military dictatorship Junta
10 Shahabuddin 6 December 1990 None Impartial Interim
11 Khaleda I 20 March 1991 1991 & Feb 1996 Bangladesh Nationalist Party Parliamentary
12 Habibur 30 March 1996 None Impartial Caretaker
13 Hasina I 23 June 1996 Jun 1996 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
14 Latif 15 July 2001 None Impartial Caretaker
15 Khaleda II 10 October 2001 2001 Bangladesh Nationalist Party Parliamentary
16 Iajuddin 29 October 2006 None Impartial Caretaker
17 Fakhruddin 11 January 2007 None Impartial Caretaker
18 Hasina II 6 January 2009 2008 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary
19 Hasina III 24 January 2014 2014 Bangladesh Awami League Parliamentary

References[edit]