Ministry of Agriculture (Spain)
|Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación|
Palacio de Fomento, Ministry headquarters
|Formed||31 March 1900(as Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce and Public Works)|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Spain|
|Headquarters||Palacio de Fomento|
The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for proposing and carrying out the government policy on agricultural, livestock and fishery resources, food industry, rural development and human food. The Ministry is responsible for assigning Veterinary Surgeons to carry out checks in regard to the issuing of REGA Licences (Registro de Explotación) a requirement for the ownership of horses on Spanish property and small holdings.
Specifically, it corresponds to the MAPA the preparation of State legislation on agriculture, fisheries and food; the proposal and carrying out of the general guidelines of the Government on agricultural, fisheries and food policies; the representation of Spain in the international organizations corresponding to these matters; as well as the coordination of actions, cooperation and agreement in the design and application of all policies that affect the scope of competences of the autonomous communities and the other public administrations, encouraging their participation through the cooperation bodies and instruments adequate.
Unlike most ministries, this one has not any Secretariat of State and it works through three bodies with the rank of Undersecretariat: the General Secretariat for Agriculture and Food, the General Secretariat for Fisheries and the Undersecretariat of the Ministry. The head of the Department is the Minister of Agriculture, currently Mr. Luis Planas.
From the beginning of the 19th century, it is worth mentioning that under the reign of Ferdinand VII, the work of promoting agriculture were carried out by the Ministry of Finance or the field of livestock, under the authority of the Council of the Mesta.
The Royal Decree of 9 November 1832 created the Secretariat of State and the Dispatch of General Development of the Realm and which had among its responsibilities the promotion of agriculture, nurseries and breeding cattle, gardening and conservation of mountains and trees or hunting and fishing. For this, it was made dependent on the Ministry the Department for Forestry Conservation and the Honorable Council of the Mesta.
The agriculture responsibilities remained in the Ministry of Development for nearly one hundred years. In 1870 there was already a Directorate-General for Public Works and Agriculture.
Finally, in 1900, after the split of Education, the Development Ministry was suppressed and the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Commerce and Public Works was created to assume the rest of the responsibilities. However, five years later the Ministry of Agriculture is suppressed and the Ministry of Development recovered.
With the approval of Royal Decree of 3 November 1928, the Ministry of National Economy was created, to which the Directorate-General for Agriculture was transferred along with the agricultural chambers, the agronomic council and the association of Cattle Ranchers and the services of Hygiene and Livestock Health.
By Decree of 16 December 1931, the President of the Republic Niceto Alcalá Zamora re-created the Ministry, incorporating the Directorate-General for Agriculture, Industry and Commerce, from the Ministry of National Economy, and the Directorate-General for Mines and Fuels, the Directorate-General for Forestry, Fishing and Hunting and the Directorate-General for Livestock, from the Ministry of Development.
As happened with the Ministry of Development, in 1933 the Ministry was divided into two: the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Industry and Commerce. It was the first time that there was a Ministry dedicated exclusively to managing the agricultural affairs. The separation became final, except in the period from 25 September 1935 to 19 February 1936, when it assumed again the responsibilities of industry and trade.
The next big change would be made in 1981, when the ministry assumed the competencies on fisheries and was called Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food until 2008 when prime minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero merged it with the Environment Ministry and was renamed Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs.
The new government of Mariano Rajoy renamed the department in 2011 as Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment and since 2016 as Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment. In 2018, new prime minister Pedro Sánchez created again the Ministry of Environment and this ministry recovered the 1981-2008 denomination. In 2020, the ministry lost its powers on forestry.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food is organised in the following superior bodies:
- The General Secretariat for Agriculture and Food
- The Directorate-General for Agricultural Production and Markets
- The Directorate-General for Health of Agricultural Production
- The Directorate-General for Rural Development, Innovation and Agrifood Training
- The Directorate-General for the Food Industry
- The Deputy Directorate-General for Support and Coordination
- The Deputy Directorate-General for Agricultural Policy Planning
- The General Secretariat for Fisheries
- The Directorate-General for Sustainable Fisheries
- The Directorate-General for Fisheries Management and Aquaculture
- The Deputy Directorate-General for Management
- The Deputy Directorate-General for Legal Affairs and International Fisheries Governance
- The Undersecretariat of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
- The Technical General Secretariat
- The Directorate-General for Services and Inspection
- The Deputy Directorate-General for Analysis, Coordination and Statistics
- The Deputy Directorate-General for International Relations and European Union Affairs.
In addition, the department has three autonomous agencies:
- The Food Information and Control Agency (AICA)
- The Spanish Agrarian Guarantee Fund (FEGA)
- The National Agency for Agricultural Insurance (ENESA)
List of Ministers of Agriculture
This are the ministers since 1931, to see the Ministers between 1900 and 1905 see Ministry of Development (Spain)#List of Ministers.
|Ministers of Agriculture|
|Second Spanish Republic (1931–1939)|
|16 December 1931||12 June 1933||Marcelino Domingo (2)||PRS|
|12 June 1933||19 September 1933||Marcelino Domingo (1)||PRS|
|19 September 1933||8 October 1933||Ramón Feced Gresa (1)||PRS|
|8 October 1933||4 October 1934||Cirilo del Río Rodríguez (1)||PRP|
|4 October 1934||3 April 1935||Manuel Giménez Fernández (1)||CEDA|
|3 April 1935||6 May 1935||Juan José Benayas (1)||PRP|
|6 May 1935||25 September 1935||Nicasio Velayos Velayos (1)||PA|
|25 September 1935||29 October 1935||José Martínez de Velasco (3)||PA|
|29 October 1935||14 December 1935||Juan Usabiaga Lasquivar (3)||PRR|
|14 December 1935||30 December 1935||Joaquín de Pablo-Blanco Torres (3)||PRR|
|30 December 1935||19 February 1936||José María Álvarez Mendizábal (3)||Independent|
|19 February 1936||19 July 1936||Mariano Ruiz-Funes García (1)||IR|
|19 July 1936||19 July 1936||Ramón Feced Gresa (1)||IR|
|19 July 1936||4 September 1936||Mariano Ruiz-Funes García (1)||IR|
|4 September 1936||1 April 1939||Vicente Uribe (1)||PCE|
|Dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1936–1975)|
|3 October 1936||30 January 1938||Eufemio Olmedo (4)|
|30 January 1938||9 August 1939||Raimundo Fernández-Cuesta (1)|
|9 August 1939||20 May 1941||Joaquín Benjumea Burín (5)|
|20 May 1941||18 July 1945||Miguel Primo de Rivera y Sáenz de Heredia (1)|
|18 July 1945||18 July 1951||Carlos Rein Segura (1)|
|18 July 1951||25 February 1957||Rafael Cavestany de Anduaga (1)|
|25 February 1957||7 July 1965||Cirilo Cánovas García (1)|
|7 July 1965||29 October 1969||Adolfo Díaz-Ambrona Moreno (1)|
|29 October 1969||12 December 1975||Tomás Allende y García-Baxter (1)|
|Reign of Juan Carlos I (1975-2014)|
|12 December 1975||5 July 1976||Virgilio Oñate Gil (1)|
|5 July 1976||4 July 1977||Fernando Abril Martorell (1)|
|4 July 1977||28 February 1978||José Enrique Martínez Genique (1)||UCD|
|28 February 1978||2 December 1981||Jaime Lamo de Espinosa (1)||UCD|
|2 December 1981||13 September 1982||José Luis Álvarez Álvarez (6)||UCD|
|13 September 1982||2 December 1982||José Luis García Ferrero||UCD|
|3 December 1982||12 March 1991||Carlos Romero Herrera (6)||PSOE|
|12 March 1991||13 July 1993||Pedro Solbes Mira (6)||PSOE|
|13 July 1993||6 May 1994||Vicente Albero Silla (6)||PSOE|
|6 May 1994||5 May 1996||Luis María Atienza Serna (6)||PSOE|
|6 May 1996||30 April 1999||Loyola de Palacio (6)||PP|
|30 April 1999||27 April 2000||Jesús Posada Moreno (6)||PP|
|28 April 2000||17 April 2004||Miguel Arias Cañete (6)||PP|
|18 April 2004||13 April 2008||Elena Espinosa Mangana (6)||PSOE|
|14 April 2008||20 October 2010||Elena Espinosa Mangana (7)||PSOE|
|20 October 2010||22 December 2011||Rosa Aguilar (7)||PSOE (independent)|
|22 December 2011||28 April 2014||Miguel Arias Cañete (8)||PP|
|28 April 2014||4 November 2016||Isabel García Tejerina (8)||PP|
|Reign of Felipe VI (2014)|
|4 November 2016||1 June 2018||Isabel García Tejerina (9)||PP|
|7 June 2018||Incumbent||Luis Planas (9)||PSOE|
- (1) Ministry of Agriculture
- (2) Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce.
- (3) Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Agriculture.
- (4) Ministry of Agriculture and Agro Labour
- (5) Ministry of Agriculture and Labour
- (6) Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
- (7) Ministry of the Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs
- (8) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment
- (9) Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment
- Statistical Bulletin of the personnel at the service of the Public Administrations (PDF). Ministry of Territorial Policy and Civil Service. 2018. p. 46.
- "Royal Decree 904/2018, of July 20, by which the basic organic structure of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food is developed". boe.es. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- Ana María, Barrero García (2006). La materia administrativa y su gestión en el Reinado de Fernando VII (PDF).
- "Royal decree of November 9, 1832". web.archive.org. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "Portada del Archivo Histórico Nacional". censoarchivos.mcu.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "Real decreto suprimiendo el Ministerio de Fomento y creando en su lugar los de Instrucción pública y Obras públicas" (PDF). www.boe.es. 19 April 1900.
- "Royal decree providing that the current Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Commerce and Public Works bears the name of the Ministry of Development" (PDF). www.boe.es. 7 October 1905. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
- "Decree creating the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce" (PDF).
- Robledo Hernández, Ricardo (2006). Los Ministros de Agricultura de la Segunda República (1931-1939) (PDF) (in Spanish).
- "ABC (Madrid) - 14/06/1933, p. 15 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "Royal Decree 139/2020, of January 28, which establishes the basic organic structure of the ministerial departments". boe.es. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- Official website (in English and Spanish)