Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare

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Minister of Agriculture and Farmer's Welfare
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionIndiaRepublic of India
HeadquartersKrishi Bhavan
Dr.Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi
Annual budget142,762 crore (US$19 billion) (2020-21 est.)[1]
Ministers responsible
Agency executive
  • Sanjay Agarwal, Secretary
Websiteagriculture.gov.in

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws related to agriculture in India. The three broad areas of scope for the Ministry are agriculture, food processing and co-operation. The agriculture ministry is headed by Minister of Agriculture Narendra Singh Tomar. Abhishek Singh Chauhan, Krishna Raj and Parsottambhai Rupala are the Ministers of State. Sharad Pawar, serving from 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014, has held the office of Minister of Agriculture for the longest continuous period till date.

Agriculture is the principal source of livelihood for more than half the population of India. Agriculture provides the bulk of wage goods required by non-agriculture sectors and most of the raw materials for the industries sector. India is a largely agrarian economy - with 52.1% of the population estimated to be directly or indirectly employed in agriculture and allied sectors in 2009–10.|Economic Survey|2010 The combined efforts of the Central Government, State Governments, and the farming community have succeeded in achieving record production of 244.78 million tonnes of foodgrains during 2010–11. This record production has been achieved through effective transfer of newly developed crop production technologies to farmers under various crop development schemes, such as the [Agriculture MMP], which is run under the direction of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. Other causes behind record production include remunerative prices for various crops through enhanced minimum support prices.

Origins[edit]

Department of Revenue and Agriculture and Commerce was set up in June 1871 to deal with all the agricultural matters in India. Until this ministry was established, matters related to agriculture were within the portfolio of the Home Department.[3]

In 1881, Department of Revenue and Agriculture was set up to deal with combined portfolios of education, health, agriculture, revenue. However, In 1947, Department of Agriculture was redesignated as Ministry of Agriculture.[3]

The Ministry of Agriculture was renamed as the Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare on 15 August 2015, to take care of farming community needs.[4]

Structure and departments[edit]

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare consists of the following two departments.[5]

  • Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare:- This Department's responsibilities are assigned to it in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 as amended from time to time. Co-operation in this context refers largely to promote farmer co-operative movements.[6] The Agriculture MMP is another program run by this depart that aims to replicate the agricultural e-governance projects being carried in different states at a national level and through a variety of media.
  • Department of Agriculture Research and Education. This Department's responsibilities are basic and operation research, technology development, improving linkages between various organizations and state governments across the country. In addition, this Department manages the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.[7]

The administrative head of the Ministry is the Secretaries of the two departments.

Programs and initiatives[edit]

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana[edit]

A leading program of the Ministry is the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, which was launched in 2007 on the recommendations of the National Development Council of India. This program sought to improve the overall state of agriculture in India by providing stronger planning, better coordination, and greater funding to improve productivity and overall output. The total budget for this program in 2009-10 was just over INR 38,000 crore.[8]

Krishi Megh[edit]

Krishi Megh (National Agricultural Research and Education System-Cloud Infrastructure and Services) is a data recovery center of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the premier agricultural research organization of the Government of India. It will help in protecting the precious data of ICAR. It has been set up at National Academy of Agricultural Research and Management, Hyderabad. The portal aims at providing the high-quality and latest information in the agricultural sector to the stakeholders and also aims to provide relevant information to agricultural university students. It has been launched under the Government of India and World Bank's Jointly funded project called National agricultural higher education project (NAHEP).[9]

Reports and statistics[edit]

The Ministry publishes an annual report titled "Agricultural Statistics at a Glance". This gives a detailed picture of the state of India's agriculture including demographics of the agrarian sector, crop production (including state-wise and crop-wise break-ups), rural economic indicators such as credit, etc. The latest report has been published for 2014.[10]

List of Ministers[edit]

No Name Portrait Term of office Political Party Prime Minister Reference
Minister of Agriculture
1 Rajendra Prasad Rajendra Prasad (Indian President), signed image for Walter Nash (NZ Prime Minister), 1958 (16017609534).jpg 15 August 1947 14 January 1948 152 days Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 Jairamdas Daulatram Jairamdas Daulatram 1985 stamp of India.jpg 19 January 1948 13 May 1950 2 years, 114 days [11]
3 K M Munshi K M Munshi.jpg 13 May 1950 13 May 1952 2 years, 0 days [12]
4 Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 1969 stamp of India.jpg 13 May 1952 24 October 1954 2 years, 164 days [13]
5 Ajit Prasad Jain 25 November 1954 24 August 1959 4 years, 303 days [13]
6 S. K. Patil 24 August 1959 1 September 1963 4 years, 8 days [13]
7 Swaran Singh 1 September 1963 9 June 1964 282 days [14]
8 Chidambaram Subramaniam Chidambaram Subramaniam 2010 stamp of India (cropped).jpg 9 June 1964 12 March 1967 2 years, 276 days Lal Bahadur Shastri
9 Jagjivan Ram Jagjivan Ram 1991 stamp of India.jpg 13 March 1967 27 June 1970 3 years, 106 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [15]
10 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 1977 stamp of India.jpg 27 June 1970 3 July 1974 4 years, 6 days [16]
(9) Jagjivan Ram Jagjivan Ram 1991 stamp of India.jpg 10 October 1974 2 February 1977 2 years, 115 days [16]
11 Parkash Singh Badal ParkashSinghBadal.JPG 28 March 1977 17 June 1977 81 days Shiromani Akali Dal Morarji Desai
12 Surjit Singh Barnala H E Shri Surjit Singh Barnala.jpg 18 June 1977 28 July 1979 2 years, 40 days [16]
13 Brahm Prakash Chaudhary Brahm Parkash.jpg 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 168 days Indian National Congress (Urs) Charan Singh
14 Rao Birendra Singh 14 January 1980 31 December 1984 4 years, 352 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [17]
15 Buta Singh Buta Singh (headshot).jpg 31 December 1984 12 May 1986 1 year, 132 days Rajiv Gandhi [18]
16 Gurdial Singh Dhillon 12 May 1986 13 February 1988 1 year, 277 days
17 Bhajan Lal 14 February 1988 2 December 1989 1 year, 291 days [19]
18 Chaudhary Devi Lal Devi Lal.jpg 6 December 1989 2 August 1990 239 days Janata Dal V. P. Singh [20]
21 November 1989 20 June 1991 222 days Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar [20]
19 Balram Jakhar Dr Balram Jakhar.jpg 21 June 1991 17 January 1996 4 years, 210 days Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao [21]
20 Jagannath Mishra 8 February 1996 16 May 1996 98 days [21]
21 Suraj Bhan Suraj Bhan briefing the media on the issue of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes (Reservation in Posts and Services) Bill, 2004, in New Delhi on March 10, 2005.jpg 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee [22]
22 H. D. Deve Gowda Deve Gowda BNC.jpg 1 June 1996 10 July 1996 39 days Janata Dal H. D. Deve Gowda [23]
23 Chaturanan Mishra 10 July 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 252 days Communist Party of India H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
24 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee (cropped).jpg 19 November 1998 22 November 1999 1 year, 3 days Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee [24]
25 Nitish Kumar Nitish Kumar in February 2007.jpg 22 November 1999 3 March 2000 102 days Samata Party [24]
26 Sunder Lal Patwa 6 March 2000 26 May 2000 81 days Bharatiya Janata Party [24]
(25) Nitish Kumar Nitish Kumar in February 2007.jpg 27 May 2000 22 July 2001 1 year, 56 days Samata Party [24]
27 Ajit Singh Ajit Singh at press conference.jpg 22 July 2001 23 May 2003 1 year, 305 days Rashtriya Lok Dal [25]
28 Rajnath Singh Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh in February 2020.jpg 24 May 2003 22 May 2004 364 days Bharatiya Janata Party [26]
29 Sharad Pawar Sharad Pawar.jpg 22 May 2004 26 May 2014 10 years, 4 days Nationalist Congress Party Manmohan Singh [27]
30 Radha Mohan Singh Radha Mohan Singh.jpg 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 5 years, 4 days Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi
31 Narendra Singh Tomar Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister for Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Drinking Water & Sanitation and Urban Development (cropped).jpg 30 May 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 147 days

List of Ministers of State[edit]

Ministers of State For Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Name Portrait Political party Term Years
Sanjeev Balyan Sanjeev Kumar Balyan.jpg Bharatiya Janata Party 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 2 years, 40 days
Mohan Kundariya 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 2 years, 40 days
S. S. Ahluwalia SS Ahluwalia, BJP.jpg 5 July 2016 3 September 2017 1 year, 60 days
Sudarshan Bhagat Sudarshan Bhagat oath as Minister.jpg 5 July 2016 3 September 2017 1 year, 60 days
Parshottam Rupala Parshottam Rupala addressing the inaugural session of the NEDAC (Network for Development of Agricultural Cooperatives in Asia) General Assembly, in New Delhi.JPG 5 July 2016 7 July 2021 5 years, 2 days
Krishna Raj The Minister of State for Women and Child Development, Smt. Krishna Raj addressing at the presentation ceremony of the National Awards to Anganwadi Workers for the year 2014-15 and 2015-16, in New Delhi on December 22, 2016.jpg 3 September 2017 30 May 2019 1 year, 269 days
Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Gajendra Singh Shekhawat addressing at the 19th Vaikunth Bhai Mehta Memorial Lecture function, organised by the National Cooperative Union of India (NCUI), in New Delhi.JPG 3 September 2017 30 May 2019 1 year, 269 days
Kailash Choudhary 30 May 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 147 days
Shobha Karandlaje MP Shobha Karandlaje.jpg 7 July 2021 Incumbent 109 days

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Union Budget 2020-21 Analysis" (PDF). prsindia.org. 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare, Government of India". Agriculture.gov.in. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Organisational History of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  4. ^ "Agriculture Ministry to be renamed as Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare". The Hindu. PTI. 15 August 2015. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 February 2021.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture - Agriculture - Sectors: National Portal of India". 5 June 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  6. ^ "National Portal of India". 3 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  7. ^ "National Portal of India". 3 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  8. ^ ":::Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana:::". rkvy.nic.in.
  9. ^ "Narendra Singh Tomar launches ICAR's data recovery centre 'Krishi Megh'". All India Radio News. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Economics And Statistics,Ministry of Agriculture,Government of India". Eands.decent.nic.in.
  11. ^ "RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 1952 - 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  12. ^ "RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 1952 - 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  13. ^ a b c "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  14. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  15. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  16. ^ a b c "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". 47.132.
  17. ^ "9th Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  18. ^ "Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website". 47.132. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  19. ^ "Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Bhajan Lal,Shri". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  21. ^ a b "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". 47.132. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015.
  22. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of XI Lok Sabha". 47.132.
  23. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Devegowda,Shri H.D." 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  24. ^ a b c d "Fourteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Nitish Kumar,Shri". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  25. ^ Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website Archived 1 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website". 47.132. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  27. ^ "Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.

External links[edit]