Ministry of Commerce (Myanmar)
|Headquarters||Building 3, Nay Pyi Daw, Myanmar|
The Ministry of Commerce (MOC) is the Burmese government agency plays a vital role in transformation process of the implementation of market oriented economic system. Its Headquarters is located at Building 3 and 52, Nay Pyi Taw, in Myanmar.
- 1 Departmental Bodies
- 2 History
- 3 Department of Trade
- 4 Department of Consumer Affairs
- 5 Myanmar Agricultural Produce Trading
- 6 Ministers for Commerce
- 7 External links
- Office of the Minister
- Department of Trade
- Department of Consumer Affairs
- Myanmar Trade Promotion Organization
Since the time of independence in 1948 up to 1962, the foreign trade had been conducted by the following boards and corporations.
- Union of Burma Purchase Board
- Civil Supplies Administration Board
- Electrical Supplies Board
- State Agricultural Marketing Board
- State Timber Board
- Joint Venture Corporations
- Defence Service Institute
- Burma Economic Development Corporation
- Private Traders
Establishment of Trade Council
In 1964, the wholesales shops, broker houses, companies, departmental stores and warehouses all over the country were nationalised. In 1965, the Trade Council was established and the following trade organisations had been set up under the Ministry of Trade.
- Central Trade
- 22 Trade Corporations
- 14 State/Divisional Trade Offices
- 283 Township Trade Offices
- 1942 People's Shops
In 1976, in accordance with the economic policy of the Burma Socialist Programme Party the trade organisations had been reformed as follows,
- Department of Trade
- 11 Trading Corporations and their divisional/branch offices, factories/workshops
- 14 State/Divisional Trade Offices
New Establishments after 1988
In 1989 to be in line with the changing economic system the Department of Trade was changed as the Directorate of Trade with extended functions and responsibilities. In 1989-90 the following domestic and foreign joint ventures were set up and operated.
Domestic Joint Ventures
- Joint Venture Corporation No.1 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.2 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.3 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.4 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.5 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.6 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.7 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.8 Ltd.
- Joint Venture Corporation No.9 Ltd.
- Northern Shan State JV Co., Ltd.
- Myanmar Citizens' Bank Ltd.
Foreign Joint Ventures
- Myanmar Rice Engineering Co., Ltd.
- Myanmar Malaysia International Ltd.
- Myanmar Motor Ltd.
- Myanmar Singapore International Ltd.
- Myanmar Borneo Ltd.
- Myanmar Inotech Ltd.
- Myanmar Chan Ltd.
- Myanmar Tokyo Maruichi International Ltd.
- Myanmar Natsteel Hardware Ltd.
- Myanmar Inspection and Testing Services
In 1992, the Hotel and Tourism Corporation was upgraded to Ministry level and the relevant organisations, the Foodstuff and Beverages Enterprise and Hotel and Tourism Services have been transferred to the Ministry of Hotel and Tourism. In 1993 Company Registration Office, Companies Control Department and the international Organisation Sections (GATT/WTO) under the Directorate of Trade were transferred to the newly established Ministry, the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. In 1996 the Ministry of Trade was transformed as the Ministry of Commerce with a view to implement the economic activitiew for the development of national economy. In 1996 the Ministry of Commerce has established the Department of Border Trade and now it is with 10 branch offices at the relevant borders of the neighbouring countries. In 1997 the International Organisation Section including WTO has been retransferred from the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development to the Ministry of Commerce.
Reorganisational Activities under the Ministry of Commerce
Since 1998, six trading organisations and two service enterprises under the Ministry of Commerce have been abolished. The domestic and foreign joint ventures were also abolished except Myanmar Citizens' Bank Ltd. and Myanmar Inspection and Testing Services Ltd.. The Ministry of Commerce laid down the motto of Advance Forward Through Commerce and it has been conducting various activities for the development of the national economy. The Ministry of Commerce has also restructured the following departments to be in line with the adopted market oriented economy since 1 April 1998.
- Office of the Minister
- Directorate of Trade
- Department of Border Trade
- Myanma Agricultural Produce Trading
Department of Trade
There were the following departments
- International Trade Promotion Department
- Planning & Statistics Department
- Export Department
- Import Department
- Export Import Policy and Registration Department
- Accounts Department
- Administration & Training Department
Department of Consumer Affairs
Department of Consumer Affairs was established on 1 April 2016. There were the following divisions,
- Division of Administration
- Division of Accounts
- Division of Policy Review,Planning & Statistics
- Division of IT and Quality Management
- Division of Product Safety
- Division of Consumer Affairs
- State and Regional Branch offices
- District Level Offices
- To further strengthen the existing friendship between the two countries
- To promote border trade between the two countries putting it in line with Normal Trade
- To get the reasonable revenue for the State
- To facilitate private business activities thereby allowing them to acquire reasonable profits
- To enhance the smooth flow of commodities
- To increase the volume of Trade Year after year
- To get the targeted revenue fully
- To free from corruption
Official Border Trade Points
|Border Trade Points||Opening Date||Area|
|Muse (105) mile||12 January 1998||Myanmar-China|
|Lweje||23 August 1998||Myanmar-China|
|Chinshwehaw||19 October 2003||Myanmar-China|
|Laiza||25 December 2003||Myanmar-China|
|Techilelk||16 March 1996||Myanmar-Thailand|
|Myawaddy||16 September 1998||Myanmar-Thailand|
|Kawthoung||1 June 1996||Myanmar-Thailand|
|Myeik||1 July 1999||Myanmar-Thailand|
|Tamu||12 April 1996||Myanmar-India|
|Rhi||10 December 2003||Myanmar-India|
|Sittwe||10 December 1998||Myanmar-Bangladesh|
|Maungdaw||5 September 1995||Myanmar-Bangladesh|
Unofficial Border Trade Points
|Border Trade Points||Area|
|Pansan - Menglar||Myanmar-China|
|Payathonsu (Three Pagodas)||Myanmar-Thailand|
|Paletwa (Shalatwa) - Pansung||Myanmar-India|
Myanmar Agricultural Produce Trading
Myanma Agricultural Produce Trading (MAPT) is a government organisation under the Ministry of Commerce.
MAPT has laid down the following six main objectives:-
- To generate more foreign exchange income for the development of national economy.
- To explore new cultivable land and organise extensive cultivation.
- To assist the enhancement of better quality crop production and strive for export promotion.
- To promote new exportable products.
- To develop the rice milling industries.
- To successfully implement the State policies with regard to agricultural produce.
Managing Director is the head of MAPT. Under Myanmar Agricultural Produce Trading (MAPT), there were the following department
- Paddy and Rice Department
- Pulse Beans & Other Crops Department
- Milling, Engineering, Bran Oil Mail & Project Department
- Export Department
- Movement Department
- Planning & Finance Department
- Administration Department
- Inspection Department
- State/Divisional Offices, District Offices and Township Offices
Within the organisational set-up of MAPT, there are 4 functional departments as follow:-
Warehousing, Handling and Export Department Grain Department Milling, Engineering & Bran Oil Mills Department Administration Department Post-harvest Technology Application Centre (PTAC) under MAPT undertakes the post-harvest activities, research, development and extension (RDX) works especially food grain, fruits and vegetables and issuance of certificate relating to quality of crops and analytical results of Chemical compositions, pesticides residues, Aflatoxins etc.
What MAPT Does? MAPT is rendering its assistance to private sector in the following activities.
Extends its fullest co-operations relating to exports of grains and imports of commodity from abroad. Assists to obtain the quick result relating to various laboratory test. Provides necessary assistance for rice milling industry and oil processing industry.
Operations MAPT assists the following steps relating to export business that is allowed by the State to private sector especially grains exports, export of new commodities and import business as well:-
undertakes the various steps of exporting business commencing from searching the markets for export commodities to final negotiation stage of the shipping documents. renders its services to be smooth flow of the every processing step relating to import business. undertakes all necessary steps relating to shipment of export commodities. Carry out the rental services for warehouses if it is necessary. undertakes pest control services for storage of grains. assists necessary works to producers to become successful exporters. MAPT undertakes the following activities relating to the inspection services of exported goods and imported goods.
conducts the preshipment inspection of commodities for export and inspection of imported commodities relating to quality / specifications, quantity, weight, measurement, packing and marking etc. issues the certificate of laboratory analysis and testing. conducts inspection and surveying services for exporters and importers with reasonable service charges for mutual benefits. MAPT undertakes laboratory analysis and testing of soil and water, quality of food grains and extends technical assistance on post-harvest technology.
conducts services relating to analysis and testing of soil and water. undertakes analysis works relating to physical quality of the food grains, milling quality, fibre contents, contents of dust, husk, sand and other admixture, contents of discoloured grains etc. undertakes analysis and testing of qualities of foodgrains such as moisture content, composition of ash, protein, starch / carbohydrate, fibre and other chemical composition etc. undertakes analysis and testing on contamination of aflatoxin. undertakes analysis and testing of quality of oil and oil crops, colour condition, specific gravity, oil colour test, cloud point, moisture content, fat, acidity etc. extends technical assistance on pest control services. MAPT undertakes the following services relating to milling of the rice, construction and maintenance of rice mills.
conducts following rice milling activities for effective improvement in quality with reasonable affordable charger. milling paddy to white rice milling brown rice to white rice remilling of rice recleaning of rice and broken rice milling paddy to brown rice assists private entrepreneurs who wish to construct new rice mills, improving develop the exifay rice mill and maintenance of existing rice mill. manufactures and sales the mobile and low-cost small rice mills. assists privade sector in rice milling technology. MAPT undertakes the following services relating to edible rice bran oil mills. there are other companies Such as M/s. Sundex Process Engineers Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, Helping to set up the complete projects for rice Bran Oil Processing On turnkey basis along with consultancy for production of Refined Rice Bran oil.
conducts nrocorry of edible rice bran oil with reasonable charges. conducts services of removing the colour, odour from various types of edible oil and purity of oil. conducts services of extracting oil from soyabeans, purifying raw palm oil & oil extracting from expellered cakes (groundnut cake, sesame cake) by using the chemical solvent extraction method. MAPT undertakes the following machinery installation services to upgrade the quality of food grains : -
cleaning machines of paddy and beans drying machines of paddy and other grain. MAPT also renders the following engineering services : -
converts system of diesel engine cars, petrol engine cars and LPG cars to CNG system. conducts services on design modern or concentrated warehouses designs. conducts consultancy services relating to drawing of building design, estimating the cost for construction of rice mills, bran oil mills.
Ministers for Commerce
- U Kyaw Myint (1948–1949)
- U Kyaw Myint (1950–1952)
- Brigade General Aung Gyi (1962–1963)
- Colonel Chit Myaing (1963–1964)
- Brigade General Tin Pe (1964–1971)
- Colonel Maung Lwin (1971–1974)
- U San Win (1974–1976)
- U Hla Aye (1976–1978)
- U Ye Daung (1978–1978)
- U Khin Maung Gyi (1978–1988)
- Colonel David Abel (1988–1992)
- General Tun Kyi (1992–1997)
- General Kyaw Than (1997–1999)
- Brigade General Pyaih Sone (1999–2004)
- Brigade General Tin Naing Thein (2004–2011)
- Win Myint (2011–2016)
- Than Myint (2016–present)