Ministry of Culture (Ukraine)

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Ministry of Culture
(Міністерство культури)
Logo of Ministry of Culture of Ukraine (english).svg
Agency overview
Formed 1953
Jurisdiction  Ukraine
Headquarters 19, Ivan Franko St., Kiev[1]
Minister responsible
Parent agency Cabinet of Ministers
Child agencies
  • State Service of Cinematography
  • State Service of Cultural Valuables Transportation
  • State Service of National Cultural Heritage
  • State Service of Tourism
Website Official Website

The Ministry of Culture of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство культури України) or MinCult is the main state authority in the system of central government of Ukraine responsible for country's cultural development and history preservation. It is fully based on the former Ministry of Culture and Tourism (that was dissolved in 2010).

History[edit]

Ukraine (1917–1919)[edit]

The origin of the Ukrainian ministry could be traced to the earliest creation of the General Secretariat of Ukraine where a department of culture was created in 1917 within the Secretariat of People's Education headed by Ivan Steshenko. It was created on same principles that existed during the Russian Empire where cultural life in Ukraine was administrated by the Russian Ministry of Enlightenment (see Ministry of National Education (Russian Empire)). In May of 1918 there was established Ministry of People's Education and Arts headed by Mykola Vasylenko. Later there was Ministry of Art headed by Dmytro Antonovych (December 1918 - February 1919) that was disbanded soon after the Soviet invasion of Ukraine.

There also existed Ministry of Confessions that was first created during the government of Skoropadsky on April 30, 1918 and was at first headed by Mykola Vasylenko. After the fall of Skoropadsky government Ministry of Confessions (April 30, 1918 - December 14, 1918) was transformed into Administration of Cults at first and later into Ministry of Denomination (February 13, 1919) both headed by Ivan Lypa. One of the most noticeable ministers however was Ivan Ohiyenko.

Soviet Ukraine[edit]

With advancing Bolsheviks in Ukraine, there also was established the People's Commissariat of People's Education that took over most of culture life in Ukraine.

On 25 February 1919 by its decree, the Council of People's Commissariats of UkrSSR (CPC of UkrSSR) established Cinema Committee within its People's Commissariat of People's Education and registering all electro-theatres in Ukraine. On 19 February 1921 the CPC of UkrSSR issued statement obligating its People's Commissariat of People's Education to use all of artwork for purpose of communist agitation (propaganda). Previously by decree of 14 December 1920, the CPC of UkrSSR established Main Political and Educational Committee within its People's Commissariat of People's Education.

Another decree of CPC of UkrSSR of 11 March 1921 "About purchase for state museums museum valuables from private individuals" initiated creation of state museums which were previously "nationalised" by Bolsheviks "in the name of the Revolution" in form of simple expropriation. Along with that there was established All-Ukrainian Committee in Conservation of artworks, artifacts, and natural landmarks.

On 19 April 1921 CPC of UkrSSR issued decree "About peasants homes" (Ukrainian: селянські будинки, selyanski budynky) establishing centers of political education (propaganda) in rural areas.

On 22 November 1922, on efforts of people's commissar Hrynko, the Central Executive Committee of Ukraine adopted its statement "About enacting Code of Laws about People's Education" (Ukrainian: Про введення в дію Кодексу законів про народну освіту) which defined the network of cultural and art institutions, their framework of functioning, and mechanisms of administration.

Structure[edit]

Ministry headquarters in Kiev

The ministry consists of the central body of ministry headed by its leadership composed of a minister, his/hers first deputy, and other deputies in assistance to the minister. Part of ministry compose several state administrations that are specialized in certain field and coordinate operations of government companies.

Central Body[edit]

Leadership
  • Minister
  • First Deputy
  • Deputies
  • Deputy-Chief of Aparat
Section in support of the Minister's performance
  • Sector of informational-analytic work and communication with public
Sector of control and checks in execution of acts and orders of the President of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada, and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine as well as the orders of leadership
Sector of job-secrecy work
Sector of mobilization work and public security
Section of financial revisions and support of measures in the fight with corruption
  • Sector for prevention and counter-action of corruption
Section of human resources and state service
Directory of legal support
  • Section of legal expertise
  • Section for the use of legislation
  • Sector for conducting a claim work
Directory of Affairs
  • Section for documents support and control
  • Section for cooperation with Verkhovna Rada
  • Sector for organization of access to the public information
Department in formation of the state policy in the sphere of culture, art, and education
  • Directory of Arts
    • Section of musical art
    • Section of theatrical art
    • Section of monumental, artistic, and folk art
    • Sector of circus art
  • Directory for strategical planning of cultural development and regional policy in the sphere of culture
    • Section of analysis and forecasting of activities in learning institutions
    • Section of analysis and forecasting of socio-cultural development of regions
    • Section of analysis and forecasting of libraries activities
    • Others;

State agencies[edit]

  • State Service of Cinematography
  • State Service in control of transportation of cultural valuables over the State Border
  • State Service in protection of the National Cultural Heritage
  • State Service of Tourism and Resorts

Ministerial institutions and organizations[edit]

The ministry also administers a network of museums, libraries, cultural centers, regional centers of folklore, national cultural heritage sites, various artistic education in schools and universities, has own research centers and institutions, promotes circus, musical and theatric arts in regions.

The ministry also maintains the registry of fixed landmarks of cultural heritage (national and local). On 11 December 2012 there were 4,719 such landmarks, 891 of national significance and the other 3,828 of local significance.[3]

Note: while most of the educational state institutions are administered by the Ministry of Education, most arts educational state institutions are administered by the Ministry of Culture.

Ukrainian cultural centers[edit]

  • Cultural center of Ukraine in Russia
  • Ukrainian cultural and information center in Sevastopol
  • State agency in promotion of culture of Ukraine

Museums under Ministry jurisdiction[edit]

List of Ministers of Culture[edit]

Ukrainian SSR[edit]

Name of Ministry Name of minister Term of Office
Start End
Administration in Art Affairs Andriy Khvylia 1936 1938
Mykola Kompaniets 1938 1944
Oleksandr Korniychuk 1944 1945
Committee in Art Affairs Oleksandr Korniychuk 1945 1946
Mykola Kompaniets 1946 1947
M.Pashchyn 1947 1950
Davyd Kopytsia 1950 1953
Ministry of Culture Kostiantyn Lytvyn April 10, 1953 July 9, 1956
Rostyslav Babiychuk July 9, 1956 1971
Yuri Yelchenko November 15, 1971 October 15, 1973
Oleksiy Romanovsky October 15, 1973 June 7, 1977
Serhiy Bezklubenko June 7, 1977 September 13, 1983
Yuri Olenenko September 13, 1983 July 7, 1991
Larysa Khorolets July 7, 1991 August 24, 1991

Post-Declaration[edit]

Name of Ministry Name of minister Term of Office
Start End
Ministry of Culture Larysa Khorolets August 24, 1991 November 17, 1992
Ivan Dzyuba November 17, 1992 August 19, 1994
Ministry of Culture and Arts Dmytro Ostapenko September 25, 1995 August 4, 1999
Yuriy Bohutsky August 4, 1999 December 7, 1999
Bohdan Stupka December 30, 1999 May 31, 2001
Yuriy Bohutsky June 1, 2001 February 3, 2005
Ministry of Culture and Tourism Oksana Bilozir February 4, 2005 October 5, 2005
Ihor Likhovyi October 5, 2005 November 1, 2006
Yuriy Bohutsky November 1, 2006 December 18, 2007
Vasyl Vovkun December 18, 2007 March 11, 2010
Ministry of Culture Mykhailo Kulynyak March 11, 2010 December 24, 2012[4]
Leonid Novokhatko December 24, 2012 27 February 2014
Yevhen Nyshchuk 27 February 2014[5] 2 December 2014[6]
Vyacheslav Kyrylenko December 2, 2014 April 14, 2016
Yevhen Nyshchuk April 14, 2016[7] present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Bohutskyi, Yu. Ukrainian society in aspect of its organization and self-organization (УКРАЇНСЬКЕ СУСПІЛЬСТВО В АСПЕКТІ ОРГАНІЗАЦІЇ ТА САМООРГАНІЗАЦІЇ). Theory and History of Culture (ТЕОРІЯ ТА ІСТОРІЯ КУЛЬТУРИ).

External links[edit]