Ministry of Culture and Sport (Spain)

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Ministry of Culture and Sport
Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte
Logotipo del Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte.svg
Casa de las 7 Chimeneas (Madrid) 06.jpg
The headquarters of the Ministry
Agency overview
FormedJuly 5, 1977; 42 years ago (1977-07-05)
(as Ministry of Culture and Welfare)
June 7, 2018 (as Ministry of Culture and Sport)
Preceding agencies
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionSpanish government
HeadquartersCasa de las Sietes Chimeneas, 1 Plaza del Rey, Madrid
Annual budget1.3 billion (2019)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executives
  • María José Rienda, President of the National Sports Council
  • Javier García Fernández, Under Secretary
  • Olvido García Vallés, Director General for Books and Promotion of Reading
  • Adriana Moscoso del Prado, Director General for Cultural Industries and Cooperation
  • Román Fernández-Baca, Director General for Fine Arts
Child agencies
WebsiteMinistry of Culture and Sport

The Ministry of Culture and Sport (MCD) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for the promotion, protection and dissemination of the Spanish historical heritage, national museums, art, books, reading and literary creation, of cinematographic and audiovisual activities and of state archives and libraries.

It's also responsible for the promotion and dissemination of culture in Spanish, as well as the promotion of cultural cooperation actions and, in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, of international relations in the field of culture. Likewise, the Ministry of Culture and Sports is responsible for the proposal and execution of the Government's policy on sport.[2]

The MCD is headed by the Culture Minister, a Cabinet member who is appointed by the Monarch at request of the Prime Minister, after hearing the Council of Ministers.Like the Ministry of Agriculture, it does not have any Secretariat of State and is organized through an undersecretariat and three directorates-general. The current Minister of Culture and Sport, since June 7, 2018, is José Guirao, an important art expert and cultural manager.[3]

History[edit]

Early period[edit]

The Ministry of Culture was created during the Spanish transition to democracy. However, the government action on culture dates back to the 18th century. From the beginning of the century and promoted by the Crown, it appeared the first Royal Academies such as the Language (1713), History (1738) or Fine Arts (1752), all of them dependent from the Secretariat of State.[4]

With the development and specialization of the Administration, the promotion and protection of culture was assumed by the Ministry of Development between 1834 and 1837 when it assumed powers over theaters, and all kinds of public amusements and recreation, as well as the Conservatories of Arts and Music,[5] by the Ministry of the Interior between 1837 and 1847 and Development again between 1847 and 1851, by the Ministry of Grace and Justice between 1851 and 1855[6] and again by the Ministry of Development until 1900.

The Budget Act of 1900 created the Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts[7] which assumed the responsibilities on culture until 1977. During this period, the Directorate-General for Fine Arts was created in 1915[8] which had competences on civil constructions related to National Monuments, Museums, Artistic Schools, Painting, Music Schools and other entities of an artistic nature[9] and in 1939 it was created the Directorate-General for Archives and Libraries. Both merged in 1974 in a new Directorate-General for Artistic and Cultural Heritage.[10]

In 1946 it was created the Directorate-General for Cinematography and Theater which main task was to censor this cultural sectors. It was suppressed in 1967.

Democracy[edit]

Finally, in 1977 it was created an independent Culture Ministry which assumed the Directorate-General for Artistic and Cultural Heritage from the Ministry of Education, the responsibilities of the Under Secretary for Family, Youth and Sport from the Ministry of the Presidency and the information and cultural functions of the Ministry of Information and Tourism (cinema, theaters, music). Likewise, the Secretariat of State for Culture was created and it also assumed RTVE.[11]

The final structure established nine general directions: Artistic Heritage, Archives and Museums; Cultural Diffusion; Books and Libraries; Music Theater and Shows; Cinematography; Community Development; Youth; and Broadcasting and Television. It also assumed organically the Superior Council of Sports.[12]

In 1981 the Ministry ceded to the City of Madrid the management of the Teatro Español.[13] In 1985 the Ministry suffered a big reshuffle because of the devolution of cultural powers to the recently created Regions. At the same time it was created the National Institute of Performing Arts and Music (INAEM) and the Institute of Cinematography and Audiovisual Arts (ICAA).[14]

Between 1996 and 2004 the Ministry of Culture was merged with the Ministry of Education although the Secretariat of State for Culture was maintained. In 2004 it was created again and in 2011 the Ministry assumed the competencies on bullfighting.[15] It was suppressed again in 2011 until 2018 when the new prime minister Pedro Sánchez recovered this Ministry.[2]

Structure[edit]

  • Pío Cabanillas Gallas, first Minister of Culture.
    The Directorate-General for Cultural Industries and Cooperation.[2]
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Promotion of Cultural Industries and Patronage.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for Cooperation and International Promotion of Culture.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for Intellectual Property.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for Cultural Cooperation with the Autonomous Communities.
  • The Directorate-General for Fine Arts.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Protection of Historical Heritage.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for State Museums.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Institute of Cultural Heritage of Spain.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Promotion of Fine Arts.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the State Archives.
  • The Directorate-General for Books and Promotion of Reading.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for the Promotion of Books, Reading and Spanish Literature.
    • The Deputy Directorate-General for Library Coordination.
  • The Undersecretariat of Culture.
    • The General Technical Secretariat.
  • The National Sports Council.
    • The Directorate-General for Sports.

Public organisms under direction of Ministry of Culture and Sport:

List of Ministers of Culture[edit]

Awards given out[edit]

Established in 1975 and first presented in 1976, the Ministry of Culture awards the Miguel de Cervantes Prize each year to honor the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State General Budget for 2018 carried over to 2019 - Ministry of Culture and Sport" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b c R., Felipe (7 July 2018). Batet Lamaña, Meritxell (ed.). "Real Decreto 817/2018, de 6 de julio, por el que se desarrolla la estructura orgánica básica del Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte y se modifica el Real Decreto 595/2018, de 22 de junio, por el que se establece la estructura orgánica básica de los departamentos ministeriales". Boletín Oficial del Estado. Ministerio de Política Territorial y Función Pública (164): 14. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  3. ^ "José Guirao, nuevo Ministro de Cultura y de Deporte tras la dimisión de Màxim Huerta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 13 June 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  4. ^ Barrero García, Ana María (2006). "La materia administrativa y su gestión en el Reinado de Fernando VII" (PDF).
  5. ^ "1832". web.archive.org. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  6. ^ "Instituto de Formación del Profesorado, Investigación e Innovación Educativa (IFIIE) - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Educación". web.archive.org. 2011-11-04. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  7. ^ "Instituto de Formación del Profesorado, Investigación e Innovación Educativa (IFIIE) - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Educación". web.archive.org. 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  8. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 17/01/1915, p. 27 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  9. ^ "Instituto de Formación del Profesorado, Investigación e Innovación Educativa (IFIIE) - Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Educación". web.archive.org. 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  10. ^ Plaza, Luis Mansilla; Barba, Roberto C. Fernández (1997). Actas de la Primera Sesión Científica Sobre Patrimonio Minero Metalúrgico: Almadén, 21 y 22 de Octubre 1996 (in Spanish). Univ de Castilla La Mancha. ISBN 9788489492820.
  11. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 05/07/1977, p. 102 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  12. ^ "Royal Decree 2258/1977, of 27 August, on the organic structure and functions of the Ministry of Culture". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  13. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 16/10/1981, p. 35 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  14. ^ "ABC (Madrid) - 25/04/1985, p. 29 - ABC.es Hemeroteca". hemeroteca.abc.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  15. ^ "El Ministerio de Cultura asume las competencias taurinas | Toros | elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  16. ^ Bhutia, Thinley Kalsang; Luebering, J.E.; Pallardy, Richard; Sampaolo, Marco; Tikkanen, Amy (25 November 2014). "Cervantes Prize". Britannica.com. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Archived from the original on 7 March 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2017.

External links[edit]