Ministry of Defence (Spain)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ministry of Defence
Ministerio de Defensa
Logotipo del Ministerio de Defensa.svg
Logotype
Ministerio de Defensa de España (Madrid) 02.jpg
Main headquarters
Agency overview
FormedJuly 11, 1705
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionGovernment of Spain
HeadquartersPaseo de la Castellana, 109
28071 Madrid
40°27′21″N 3°41′27″W / 40.45587°N 3.69077°W / 40.45587; -3.69077Coordinates: 40°27′21″N 3°41′27″W / 40.45587°N 3.69077°W / 40.45587; -3.69077
Annual budget 9.64 billions (2018)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Websitewww.defensa.gob.es

The Ministry of Defence (Spanish: Ministerio de Defensa) is a department of the Government of Spain. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces. The Ministry of Defense is a department of the General State Administration responsible for ordering, coordinating and carrying out the general guidelines of the Government about the defence policy.

According to the Spanish Constitution of 1978, the King is the Commander in Chief of the Spanish military. He can declare war or conclude peace with authorization of the Cortes Generales, provided this act is countersigned by the Prime Minister.[2]

The Defense Department determines and oversees:

  • The policies of defense.
  • Military alliances.
  • The conduct of war.
  • The expenses and budget of the military.

The Ministry of Defense is headed by the Minister of Defence, a government member who depends directly from the Prime Minister. Beneath the Ministry of Defense are five subordinate principal departments: the Armed Forces head by the Chief of the Defence Staff which is divided in three military departments leaded by the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Navy and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force; the Secretariat of State of Defence headed by the Secretary of State of Defence; the Under Secretary of Defence headed by the Under Secretary of Defence and the General Secretariat of Defence Policy head by the Secretary General of Defence Policy. In addition, the National Intelligence Center is subordinated to the Ministry of Defence.

The current holder of the Ministry is Margarita Robles.

History[edit]

Margarita Robles, current Minister of Defence

Since the first origins of Spain, the monarchy has been the main form of government. That is the main reason why the first government departments appeared in the 18th century because for centuries, the monarch controlled all the power.

At the beginning, the King controlled the military through its Council of State which was divided in different sections dedicated to advise the King in the different areas of government.

On July 11, 1705, King Philip V created a Secretariat for war and treasury matters, called Secretariat of the Office of War and Treasury. In 1714 the administration was reformed and two secretariats appeared: one dedicated to the Army called Secretariat of the War Office and another to the Navy called the Secretariat of the Navy and Indies Office. [3]

The Secretariat of the Navy and Indies Office was suppressed in 1715 and the competences over the Navy were transferred to the Secretariat of the War Office. In 1721 the Secretariat of the Navy Office was created assuming the competences over the Navy having competences only over the Peninsular Navy. It wasn't until 1790 that this Secretariat also assumed the competences over the Overseas Navy .[4]

This organization was maintained through decades and at the beginning of the 19th century, the terms Secretariat and Ministry were used as synonymous, until 1851 when the Ministry of War and Ministry of the Navy were created.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the air force started to make its firsts steps and at the very start they were just the air branch of the Army and later it was also created a Naval Air Force subordinated to the Navy.

During the civil war, the armed forces split into two sides: the republican and the nationalist. In the republican side, there were two main ministries: the Ministry of War and the Ministry of the Navy and Aire Force; in the national side, there were only one ministry, the Ministry of National Defence that had all the competences over the three branches.

After the civil war, the francoist regime divided the former Ministry of National Defence intro three ministries: Ministry of the Army, Ministry of the Navy and Ministry of the Air Force. This three disappeared in 1977 when the current Ministry of Defence was created.

Structure[edit]

The Department is organized as follows:

  • The Armed Forces.
  • The Secretary of State of Defence.
    • The Directorate-General of Armament and Material.
    • The Directorate-General of Economic Affairs.
    • The Directorate-General of Infraestructure.
  • The Under Secretary of Defence.
    • The Technical General Secretary.
    • The Directorate-General of Personnel.
    • The Directorate-General of Military Recruitment and Teaching.
    • The Legal Department of the Defence
    • The Comprtoller of the Defence
    • The General Inspection of Health
    • The Military Prison of Alcalá de Henares
  • The Secretary General of Defence policy.
    • The Directorate-General of Defence policy

The Civil Guard depends on the Ministry of Defence in the terms stipulated by laws.

The Ministry of Defence's consultant and advisory bodies are:

  • The Superior Council of the Army.
  • The Superior Council of the Navy.
  • The Superior Council of the Air Force.
  • The Superior Boards of the Common Corps of the Armed Forces.

Chain of Command[edit]

The Chain of Command of the military is regulated in the National Defence Organic Act of 2005.[5]

Like the Constitution, the law recognizes the King as the supreme commander of the armed forces. The Government is the body in charge of establishing the defense policy as well as control of the military administration. The Prime Minister is the civilian authority in command of the armed forces. The Minister of Defence, under the authority of the Prime Minister, control the Armed Forces and establish the military policy of the State. The Chief of the Defence Staff is the fourth military authority, in charge over the operative command of the armed forces. After the Chief of the Defence Staff are the Chief of Staff of the different branches.

The Parliament is the responsible for authorising the signing of military treaties, approving the defence laws and military budgets and authorize the King to declare war and to make peace. In particular, the Congress is responsible for authorising the use of the armed forces abroad in missions that are not of national interest, if they are of national interest, the Government can use them without authorization but communicating it to the Congress.

  1. The King.
  2. The Prime Minister.
  3. The Minister of Defence.
  4. The Chief of the Defence Staff.
  5. The Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Navy and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
  6. Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army, the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Navy and the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Air Force.

List of Ministers of Defence of Spain[edit]

Period Took office Left office Portrait Name Party
Reign
of
Charles IV

(1788–1808)
25 November 1807 19 March 1808 Antonio Olaguer Feliú.png Antonio Olaguer Feliú (7)
Reign
of
Ferdinand VII

(1808)
19 March 1808 5 April 1808 Antonio Olaguer Feliú.png Antonio Olaguer Feliú (7)
5 April 1808 7 July 1808 No image.svg Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera (7)
Reign
of
Joseph I

(1808–1813)
7 July 1808 27 June 1813 No image.svg Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera (6)
Junta Suprema Central
(1808–1812)
15 October 1808 31 January 1810 No image.svg Antonio Cornel Ferraz Doz y Ferraz (7) Military
31 January 1810 20 May 1810 No image.svg Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
20 May 1810 9 October 1810 No image.svg Eusebio Bardají y Azara (Interim) (7)
9 October 1810 6 February 1812 No image.svg José Heredia (7)
6 February 1812 23 June 1812 No image.svg José María Carvajal (Interim) (7)
23 June 1812 30 May 1813 No image.svg Francisco Javier Abadía (7)
30 May 1813 14 January 1814 JuanODonoju.jpg Juan O'Donojú (Interim) (7)
14 January 1814 4 May 1814 No image.svg Tomás Moreno Daoíz (Interim) (7)
Reign
of
Ferdinand VII

(1814–1833)
4 May 1814 29 May 1814 No image.svg Manuel Alberto Freire de Andrade y Armijo (7)
29 May 1814 25 March 1815 No image.svg Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
25 March 1815 23 October 1815 No image.svg Francisco López Ballesteros (7)
23 October 1815 19 June 1817 No image.svg Francisco Bernaldo de Quirós y Mariño de Lobera (Interim) (7)
19 June 1817 13 June de 1819 No image.svg Francisco de Eguía (7) Military
13 June 1819 18 March 1820 No image.svg José Alós Mora (Interim) (7)
18 March 1820 18 August 1820 No image.svg Pedro Agustín Girón (6) Military
18 August 1820 23 September 1820 No image.svg Juan Jabat (6)
23 September 1820 4 March 1821 No image.svg Cayetano Valdés (6)
4 March 1821 23 August 1821 No image.svg Tomás Moreno Daoíz (6)
23 August 1821 4 September 1821 No image.svg Diego Contador (6)
4 September 1821 9 September 1821 No image.svg Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
9 September 1821 8 January 1822 No image.svg Estanislao Sánchez Salvador (6)
9 January 1822 24 January 1822 No image.svg José Castellar (Interim) (6)
24 January 1822 28 February 1822 No image.svg José Cienfuegos Jovellanos (6)
28 February 1822 6 July 1822 No image.svg Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
10 July 1822 29 April 1823 No image.svg Miguel López-Baños (6)
29 April 1823 2 June 1823 No image.svg Pedro de la Bárcena (Interim) (6)
2 June 1823 18 June 1823 No image.svg Estanislao Sánchez Salvador (Interim) (6)
21 June 1823 30 September 1823 No image.svg Manuel de la Puente (6)
30 September 1823 2 December 1823 No image.svg José San Juan (6)
2 December 1823 26 August 1824 No image.svg José de la Cruz (7)
26 August 1824 13 June 1825 No image.svg José Aimerich (Interim) (7)
13 June 1825 27 June 1825 No image.svg Luis María Salazar (Interim) (7)
27 June 1825 1 October 1832 No image.svg Miguel Ibarrola González (7)
1 October 1832 14 December 1832 No image.svg Juan Antonio Monet (7)
14 December 1832 29 November 1833 No image.svg José de la Cruz (7)
Regency
of
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies

(1833–1840)
29 November 1833 2 November 1834 No image.svg Antonio Remón Zarco del Valle y Huet (6) Military
2 November 1834 17 February 1835 No image.svg Manuel Llauder (6)
17 February 1835 13 June 1835 No image.svg Gerónimo Valdés (6)
13 June 1835 28 August 1835 No image.svg Pedro Agustín Girón (6) Military
18 August 1835 14 September 1835 No image.svg Prudencio de Guadalfajara (Interim) (6)
14 September 1835 27 September 1835 No image.svg Mariano Quirós (Interim) (6)
27 September 1835 27 April 1836 No image.svg Ildefonso Díez de Rivera
27 April 1836 15 May 1836 No image.svg José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6)
15 May 1836 8 June 1836 No image.svg Antonio Seoane (6)
8 June 1836 14 August 1836 No image.svg Santiago Méndez Vigo (6)
20 August 1836 26 November 1836 No image.svg José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6)
26 November 1836 27 February 1837 No image.svg Javier Rodríguez Vera (Interim) (6)
27 February 1837 29 July 1837 No image.svg Ildefonso Díez de Rivera (6)
29 July 1837 30 August 1837 No image.svg Baldomero Espartero (6)
30 August 1837 1 October 1837 No image.svg Evaristo Fernández de San Miguel (6) Military
1 October 1837 4 October 1837 No image.svg Ignacio Balanzat de Orvay y Briones (6)
4 October 1837 8 December 1837 No image.svg Francisco Ramonet (6)
8 December 1837 16 December 1837 No image.svg Jacobo María Espinosa (Interim) (6)
16 December 1837 17 January 1837 No image.svg Baldomero Espartero (6) Military
17 January 1837 19 March 1837 No image.svg José Carratalá (6)
19 March 1837 16 September 1838 No image.svg Manuel Latre (6)
16 September 1838 30 October 1839 No image.svg Isidro Alaix (6) Military
30 October 1839 8 April 1840 No image.svg Francisco de Narváez (Interim) (6)
8 April 1839 14 April 1840 No image.svg Fernando de Norzagaray (Interim) (6)
14 April 1840 19 July 1840 No image.svg Serafín María de Sotto (6) Military
20 July 1840 28 August 1840 No image.svg Valentín Ferraz (6)
28 August 1840 11 September 1840 No image.svg Francisco Javier Azpiroz (6)
11 September 1840 16 September 1840 No image.svg Facundo Infante (6)
Regency
of
Baldomero Espartero

(1840–1843)
16 September 1840 20 May 1841 No image.svg Pedro Chacón y Chacón (6)
20 May 1841 17 June 1842 No image.svg Evaristo Fernández de San Miguel (6) Military
17 June 1842 9 May 1843 No image.svg José Ramón Rodil y Campillo (6) Military
9 May 1843 19 May 1843 General Francisco Serrano (2).jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
19 May 1843 24 May 1843 No image.svg Isidoro de Hoyos (6)
24 May 1843 30 July 1843 No image.svg Agustín Nogueras (Interim) (6)
Reign
of
Isabella II

(1843–1868)
30 July 1843 1 December 1843 General Francisco Serrano (2).jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
5 December 1843 3 May 1844 No image.svg Manuel Mazarredo (6)
3 May 1844 12 February 1846 No image.svg Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
12 February 1846 16 March 1846 No image.svg Federico Roncali (6) Military
16 March 1846 5 April 1846 No image.svg Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
5 April 1846 12 April 1846 No image.svg Francisco Armero Peñaranda (Interim) (6)
12 April 1846 28 January 1847 No image.svg José Laureano Sanz (6)
28 January 1847 15 February 1847 No image.svg Manuel Pavía (6) Military
15 February 1847 28 March 1847 No image.svg Marcelino Oráa (6) Military
28 March 1847 31 August 1847 No image.svg Manuel Mazarredo (6) Military
31 August 1847 3 November 1847 Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
3 November 1847 24 December 1847 No image.svg Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
24 December 1847 19 October 1849 No image.svg Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
19 October 1849 20 October 1849 No image.svg Serafín María de Sotto (6) Military
20 October 1849 14 January 1851 No image.svg Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
14 January 1851 6 February 1851 No image.svg Rafael Aristégui y Vélez (6)
6 February 1851 16 January 1852 No image.svg Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
16 January 1852 13 June 1852 No image.svg Joaquín Ezpeleta Enrile (6)
13 June 1852 27 November 1852 No image.svg Juan de Lara (6) Military
27 November 1852 14 December 1852 No image.svg Cayetano de Urbina (6) Military
14 December 1852 14 April 1853 No image.svg Juan de Lara (6) Military
14 April 1853 19 September 1853 No image.svg Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
19 September 1853 18 July 1854 No image.svg Anselmo Blaser (6)
18 July 1854 30 July 1854 Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
30 July 1854 12 October 1856 No image.svg Leopoldo O'Donnell (6)
12 October 1856 16 December 1856 No image.svg Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo (6)
16 December 1856 15 October 1857 No image.svg Francisco de Paula Figueras (6)
15 October 1857 14 January 1858 No image.svg Francisco Armero Peñaranda (6)
14 January 1858 30 June 1858 No image.svg Fermín de Ezpeleta (6)
30 June 1858 2 March 1863 No image.svg Leopoldo O'Donnell (6) Military
2 March 1863 17 January 1864 No image.svg José Gutiérrez de la Concha (6) Military
17 January 1864 1 March 1864 No image.svg Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea (6) Military
1 March 1864 16 September 1864 No image.svg José María Marchessi y Oleaga (6) Military
16 September 1864 30 March 1865 Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
30 March 1865 21 June 1865 No image.svg Felipe Rivero Lemoyne (6)
21 June 1865 10 July 1866 No image.svg Leopoldo O'Donnell (6) Military
10 July 1866 23 April 1868 No image.svg Ramón María Narváez (6) Military
23 April 1868 19 September 1868 No image.svg Rafael Mayalde (6)
19 September 1868 30 September 1868 No image.svg José Gutiérrez de la Concha (6) Military
Sexenio Democrático
(1868–1871)
8 October 1868 27 December 1870 Prim madrazo.jpeg Juan Prim (6) Military
27 December 1870 4 January 1871 JuanBatistaTopeteYCarballoPorRafaelMonleón.jpg Juan Bautista Topete (Interim) (6)
Reign
of
Amadeo I

(1871–1873)
4 January 1871 24 July 1871 General Francisco Serrano (2).jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (Interim) (6)
24 July 1871 5 October 1871 Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Cordova (Interim) (6)
5 October 1871 21 December 1871 No image.svg Joaquín Bassols (6)
21 December 1871 20 February 1872 No image.svg Eugenio Gaminde (6)
20 February 1872 8 April 1872 No image.svg Antonio del Rey y Caballero (6)
8 April 1872 26 May 1872 Juan de Zavala y de la Puente.jpg Juan de Zavala y de la Puente (6) Military
26 May 1872 13 June 1872 General Francisco Serrano (2).jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (6) Military
13 June 1872 12 February 1873 Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
First Spanish Republic
(1873–1874)
12 February 1873 24 February 1873 Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Cordova (6) Military
24 February 1873 30 April 1873 No image.svg Juan Acosta Muñoz (6)
30 April 1873 7 June 1873 No image.svg Ramón Nouvilas (6) Military
11 June 1873 28 June 1873 No image.svg Nicolás Estévanez Murphy (6) Military
28 June 1873 4 September 1873 No image.svg Eulogio González Íscar (6)
9 September 1873 3 January 1874 No image.svg José Sánchez Bregua (6) Military
3 January 1874 3 September 1874 Juan de Zavala y de la Puente.jpg Juan de Zavala y de la Puente (6) Military
3 September 1874 31 December 1874 No image.svg Francisco Serrano Bedoya (6) Military
Reign
of
Alfonso XII

(1874–1885)
31 December 1874 21 December 1875 General Joaquin Jovellar y Soler painting.jpg Joaquín Jovellar y Soler (6) Military
21 December 1875 7 March 1879 Francisco de Ceballos y Vargas.jpg Francisco de Ceballos y Vargas (6) Military
7 March 1879 9 December 1879 Arsenio martinez campos.jpg Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (6) Military
9 December 1879 8 February 1881 No image.svg José Ignacio de Echavarría (6) Military
8 February 1881 13 October 1883 Arsenio martinez campos.jpg Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón (6) Military
13 October 1883 18 January 1884 Jose-Lopez-Dominguez-1897.jpg José López Domínguez (6) Military
18 January 1884 27 November 1885 No image.svg Genaro de Quesada y Matheus (6) Military
Regency
of
Maria Christina of Austria

(1885–1902)
27 November 1885 10 October 1886 General Joaquin Jovellar y Soler painting.jpg Joaquín Jovellar y Soler (6) Military
10 October 1886 8 March 1887 No image.svg Ignacio María del Castillo (6) Military
8 March 1887 14 June 1888 Manuel Cassola y Fernández, en La Ilustración Española y Americana.jpg Manuel Cassola (6) Military
14 June 1888 11 December 1888 Tomás O'Ryan y Vázquez.jpg Tomás O'Ryan (6) Military
11 December 1888 21 January 1890 José Chinchilla, en La Ilustración Española y Americana.jpg José Chinchilla Military
21 January 1890 5 July 1890 Eduardo Bermúdez Reina, La Ilustración Española y Americana.jpg Eduardo Bermúdez Reina (6) Military
5 July 1890 11 December 1892 Marcelo Azcárraga, en Mundo gráfico.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
11 December 1892 23 March 1895 Jose-Lopez-Dominguez-1897.jpg José López Domínguez (6) Military
23 March 1895 4 October 1897 Marcelo Azcárraga, en Mundo gráfico.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
4 October 1897 4 March 1899 Miguel Correa, ministro de la Guerra.jpg Miguel Correa y García (Interim) (6)
4 March 1899 2 October 1899 Camilo Polavieja, en La Esfera.jpg Camilo García de Polavieja (6) Military
2 October 1899 18 October 1900 Marcelo Azcárraga, en Mundo gráfico.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero (6) Military
18 October 1900 6 March 1901 Arsenio Linares 001.jpg Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
6 March 1901 17 May 1902 Valeriano Weyler bust.jpg Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
Reign
of
Alfonso XIII

(1902–1931)
17 May 1902 6 December 1902 Valeriano Weyler bust.jpg Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
6 December 1902 20 July 1903 Arsenio Linares 001.jpg Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
20 July 1903 5 December 1903 Vicente Martitegui, de Emilio Napoleón.jpg Vicente Martitegui (6) Military
5 December 1903 16 December 1904 Arsenio Linares 001.jpg Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
16 December 1904 27 January 1905 César Villar y Villate, de Christian Franzen.jpg Cesar del Villar y Villate (6) Military
27 January 1905 23 June 1905 Vicente Martitegui, de Emilio Napoleón.jpg Vicente Martitegui (6) Military
23 June 1905 1 December 1905 Valeriano Weyler bust.jpg Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
1 December 1905 6 July 1906 El ministro de la Guerra, general Luque.jpg Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
6 July 1906 15 October 1906 Jose-Lopez-Dominguez-1897.jpg José López Domínguez (6) Military
15 October 1906 4 December 1906 El ministro de la Guerra, general Luque.jpg Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
4 December 1906 25 January 1907 Valeriano Weyler bust.jpg Valeriano Weyler (6) Military
25 January 1907 3 July 1907 Francisco de Loño (Mercurio, 1907).jpg Francisco de Paula Loño y Pérez (6) Military
3 July 1907 1 March 1909 Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, de Kaulak.jpg Fernando Primo de Rivera (6) Military
1 March 1909 21 October 1909 Arsenio Linares 001.jpg Arsenio Linares Pombo (6) Military
21 October 1909 9 February 1910 El ministro de la Guerra, general Luque.jpg Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
9 February 1910 3 April 1911 Ángel Aznar y Butigieg, en Actualidades.png Ángel Aznar y Butigieg (6) Military
3 April 1911 27 October 1913 El ministro de la Guerra, general Luque.jpg Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
27 October 1913 9 December 1915 Conde del Serrallo, de Christian Franzen.jpg Ramón Echagüe y Méndez Vigo (6) Military
9 December 1915 19 April 1917 El ministro de la Guerra, general Luque.jpg Agustín de Luque y Coca (6) Military
19 April 1917 11 June 1917 Francisco Aguilera y Egea.png Francisco Aguilera y Egea (6) Military
11 June 1917 18 October 1917 Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, de Kaulak.jpg Fernando Primo de Rivera (6) Military
18 October 1917 3 November 1917 José Marina Vega 1910, de Goñi (cropped).jpg José Marina Vega (6) Military
3 November 1917 22 March 1918 Juan de la Cierva Peñafiel.jpg Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (6)
22 March 1918 9 November 1918 José Marina Vega 1910, de Goñi (cropped).jpg José Marina Vega (6) Military
9 November 1918 27 January 1919 Dámaso Berenguer, de Christian Franzen.jpg Dámaso Berenguer (6) Military
27 January 1919 15 April 1919 Tte General Diego Muñoz Cobos y Serrano by Julio Romero de Torres.jpg Diego Muñoz Cobo (6) Military
15 April 1919 20 July 1919 No image.svg Luis de Santiago (6) Military
20 July 1919 12 December 1919 Antonio Tovar y Marcoleta.jpg Antonio Tovar y Marcoleta (6) Military
15 December 1919 5 May 1920 José Villalba y Riquelme en 1920.jpg José Villalba Riquelme (6) Military
5 May 1920 14 August 1921 Vizconde de Eza.jpg Luis de Marichalar y Monreal (6)
14 August 1921 8 March 1922 Juan de la Cierva Peñafiel.jpg Juan de la Cierva y Peñafiel (6)
8 March 1922 15 July 1922 Jose Olaguer Feliú1.png José Olaguer Feliú (6) Military
15 July 1922 7 December 1922 J.SánchezGuerra.jpg José Sánchez Guerra (Interim) (6)
7 December 1922 26 May 1923 Niceto Alcalá Zamora, presidente de la II República Española.jpg Niceto Alcalá-Zamora (6)
26 May 1923 15 September 1923 Luis Aizpuru y Mondéjar (cropped).jpg Luis Aizpuru y Mondéjar (6)
Dictatorship
of
Miguel Primo de Rivera

(1923–1931)
15 September 1923 4 July 1924 No image.svg Luis Bermúdez de Castro (6) Military
4 July 1924 3 November 1928 No image.svg Juan O'Donnell (6) Military
3 November 1928 30 January 1930 No image.svg Julio Ardanaz (3) Military
30 January 1930 14 April 1931 Dámaso Berenguer, de Christian Franzen.jpg Dámaso Berenguer (3) Military
Second Spanish Republic
(1931–1939)
14 April 1931 12 September 1933 Manuel Azaña, 1933.jpg Manuel Azaña Díaz (6) IR
14 April 1931 14 October 1931 Casares Quiroga.JPG Santiago Casares Quiroga (4) ORGA
14 October 1931 12 June 1933 José Giral 1936.jpg José Giral Pereira (4) IR
12 June 1933 12 September 1933 Lluis Companys.jpg Lluís Companys Jover (4) ERC
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 No image.svg Juan José Rocha García (6) Radical
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 No image.svg Vicente Iranzo Enguita (4) ASR
8 October 1933 16 December 1933 No image.svg Vicente Iranzo Enguita (6) ASR
8 October 1933 16 December 1933 Leandro Pita Romero 1933.jpg Leandro Pita Romero (4) Radical
16 December 1933 23 January 1934 Diego Martínez Barrio.JPG Diego Martínez Barrio (6) Radical
16 December 1933 23 January 1935 No image.svg Juan José Rocha García (4) Radical
23 January 1934 16 November 1934 No image.svg Diego Hidalgo Durán (6) Radical
16 November 1934 3 April 1935 Alejandro Lerroux García.jpg Alejandro Lerroux García (6) Radical
23 January 1935 3 April 1935 Gerardo Abad Conde.jpg Gerardo Abad Conde (4) Radical
3 April 1935 6 May 1935 No image.svg Carlos Masquelet Lacaci (6) Military
3 April 1935 6 May 1935 No image.svg Francisco Salas González (4) Military
6 May 1935 14 December 1935 Mitin de José María Gil Robles, lider de la CEDA (Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas), en las instalaciones de un frontón (2 de 7) - Fondo Marín-Kutxa Fototeka.jpg José María Gil-Robles y Quiñones (6) CEDA
6 May 1935 25 September 1935 Antonio Royo Villanova.JPG Antonio Royo Villanova (4) Agrario
25 September 1935 14 December 1935 No image.svg Pedro Rahola Molinas (4) Lliga
14 December 1935 19 February 1936 No image.svg Nicolás Moreno Lobo (6)
14 December 1935 30 December 1935 No image.svg Francisco Salas González (4) Military
30 December 1935 19 February 1936 Antonio Azarola y Gresillón.jpg Antonio Azarola y Gresillón (4) Military (Navy)
19 February 1936 13 May 1936 No image.svg Carlos Masquelet Lacaci (6) Military
19 February 1936 22 August 1936 José Giral 1936.jpg José Giral y Pereira (4)
13 May 1936 19 July 1936 Casares Quiroga.JPG Santiago Casares Quiroga (6)
19 July 1936 19 July 1936 José Miaja 1937.jpg José Miaja Menant (6) Military
19 July 1936 6 August 1936 No image.svg Luis Castelló Pantoja (6) Military
6 August 1936 4 September 1936 No image.svg Juan Hernández Saravia (6) Military
22 August 1936 4 September 1936 No image.svg Francisco Maíz Sánchez (4)
4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Francisco Largo Caballero 1927 (cropped).jpg Francisco Largo Caballero (6) PSOE
4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Indalecio Prieto, 1936.jpg Indalecio Prieto Tuero (7) PSOE
17 May 1937 5 April 1938 Indalecio Prieto, 1936.jpg Indalecio Prieto Tuero (2) PSOE
5 April 1938 31 March 1939 Juan Negrín.png Juan Negrín López (2) PSOE
5 March 1939 31 March 1939 Los líderes del Consejo Nacional de Defensa a su llegada al Reino Unido (Segismundo Casado).jpg Segismundo Casado López (1) Military
Dictatorship
of
Francisco Franco

(1936–1975)
31 January 1938 9 August 1939 Fidel Dávila 1939.jpg Fidel Dávila Arrondo (2) Military
9 August 1939 3 September 1942 José Enrique Varela.jpg José Enrique Varela Iglesias (3) Military
9 August 1939 20 July 1945 No image.svg Salvador Moreno Fernández (4) Military
9 August 1939 27 June 1940 Juan Yagüe y Blanco en 1939.jpg Juan Yagüe Blanco (5) Military
3 September 1942 20 July 1945 Carlos Asensio Cabanillas.jpg Carlos Asensio Cabanillas (3) Military
27 June 1940 20 July 1945 Juan Vigón (detail).jpg Juan Vigón Suerodíaz (5) Military
20 July 1945 19 July 1951 Fidel Dávila 1939.jpg Fidel Dávila Arrondo (3) Military
20 July 1945 19 July 1951 No image.svg Francisco Regalado Rodríguez (4) Military
20 July 1945 25 February 1957 No image.svg Eduardo González-Gallarza (5) Military
19 July 1951 25 February 1957 Agustín Muñoz Grandes (1).jpg Agustín Muñoz Grandes (3) Military
19 July 1951 25 February 1957 No image.svg Salvador Moreno Fernández (4) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962 No image.svg Antonio Barroso y Sánchez-Guerra (3) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962 No image.svg Felipe José Abárzuza y Oliva (4) Military
25 February 1957 10 July 1962 No image.svg José Rodríguez Díaz de Lecea (5) Military
10 July 1962 11 February 1964 No image.svg Pablo Martín Alonso (3) Military
10 July 1962 29 October 1969 No image.svg Pedro Nieto Antúnez (4) Military
10 July 1962 29 October 1969 No image.svg José Daniel Lacalle Larraga (5) Military
20 February 1964 29 October 1969 No image.svg Camilo Menéndez Tolosa (3) Military
20 October 1969 11 June 1973 No image.svg Juan Castañón de Mena (3) Military
20 October 1969 11 June 1973 No image.svg Adolfo Baturone Colombo (4) Military
20 October 1969 3 January 1974 No image.svg Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea (5) Military
11 June 1973 11 July 1975 No image.svg Francisco Coloma Gallegos (3) Military
11 June 1973 14 April 1977 No image.svg Gabriel Pita da Veiga y Sanz (4) Military
3 January 1974 11 December 1975 No image.svg Mariano Cuadra Medina (5) Military
Reign
of
Juan Carlos I

(1975–2014)
11 December 1975 4 July 1977 No image.svg Félix Álvarez-Arenas y Pacheco (3) Military
11 December 1975 4 July 1977 No image.svg Carlos Franco Iribarnegaray (5) Military
14 April 1977 4 July 1977 No image.svg Pascual Pery Junquera (4) Military
4 July 1977 6 April 1979 El vicepresidente 1º y Asuntos de Defensa, Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, recibe la felicitación del presidente Adolfo Suárez.jpg Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado (1) Military
5 April 1979 26 February 1981 Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún, ministro de Defensa, conversa con Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado.jpg Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún (1) UCD
26 February 1981 3 December 1982 Oliart.jpg Alberto Oliart Saussol (1) UCD
3 December 1982 12 March 1991 Narcís Serra i Serra - 001.jpg Narcís Serra (1) PSOE
12 March 1991 3 July 1995 Julián García Vargas en la rueda de prensa posterior al Consejo de Ministros.jpg Julián García Vargas (1) PSOE
3 July 1995 5 May 1996 Gustavo Suárez 2010 (cropped).jpg Gustavo Suárez Pertierra (1) PSOE
5 May 1996 27 April 2000 Eduardo Serra.jpg Eduardo Serra Rexach (1) Independent
28 April 2000 18 April 2004 Federico Trillo.jpg Federico Trillo-Figueroa (1) PP
18 April 2004 7 April 2006 Josebono.jpg José Bono Martínez (1) PSOE
7 April 2006 14 April 2008 José Antonio Alonso 2006 (cropped).jpg José Antonio Alonso Suárez (1) PSOE
14 April 2008 20 May 2008 Carme Chacón 2009 (cropped).jpg Carme Chacón Piqueras (1) PSOE
20 May 2008 30 June 2008 Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (diciembre de 2010).jpg Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (Interim) (1) PSOE
30 June 2008 22 December 2011 Carme Chacón 2009 (cropped).jpg Carme Chacón Piqueras (1) PSOE
22 December 2011 19 June 2014 Pedro Morenes September 2012 crop.jpg Pedro Morenés Eulate (1) Independent
Reign
of
Felipe VI

(2014–present)
19 June 2014 4 November 2016 Pedro Morenes September 2012 crop.jpg Pedro Morenés Eulate (1) Independent
4 November 2016 1 June 2018 María Dolores de Cospedal.jpg María Dolores de Cospedal García (1) PP
7 June 2018 Incumbent (Margarita Robles) Desayuno Nueva Economía Forum (40056259734) 2018 (cropped).jpg Margarita Robles (1) Independent

(1) Minister of Defence
(2) Minister of National Defence
(3) Minister of the Army
(4) Minister of the Navy
(5) Minister of the Air Forces
(6) Minister of War
(7) Royal Secretary of War

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Spain, Ministry of the Treasury (2018). "General Budget of the State" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Royal Decree 415/2016, 3 November, for restructuring the ministerial departments" (PDF). 2016.
  3. ^ "Corporate Body - Secretaría de Estado y del Despacho de Guerra y Hacienda (España)". PARES (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  4. ^ "Corporate Body - Secretaría de Estado y del Despacho de Marina (España)". PARES (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  5. ^ "Organic Law 5/2005, of November 17, of the National Defence". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-22.

External links[edit]