Ministry of Defence (Yugoslavia)

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Through the history of Yugoslavia, the defence ministry which was responsible for defence of the country was known under several different names. The Ministry of the Army and Navy was responsible for defence of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1945, the Federal Secretariat of People's Defence for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992 and the Ministry of Defence for Serbia and Montenegro (officially named the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1992 and 2003) from 1992 to 2006.

List of ministers[edit]

† denotes people who died in office.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941)[edit]

Minister of the Army Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Mihailo Rašić
Rašić, MihailoGeneral
Mihailo Rašić
(1858–1932)
[a]
1 December 191820 December 191819 daysIndependentRoyal Army
Minister of the Army and Navy Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Mihailo Rašić
Rašić, MihailoGeneral
Mihailo Rašić
(1858–1932)
20 December 191830 March 1919100 daysIndependentRoyal Army
2
Stevan S. Hadžić
S. Hadžić, StevanGeneral
Stevan S. Hadžić
(1868–1931)
30 March 191919 February 1920326 daysIndependentRoyal Army
3
Branko Jovanović
Jovanović, BrankoGeneral
Branko Jovanović
(1868–1921)
19 February 192026 March 1921†1 year, 35 daysIndependentRoyal Army
Milorad Drašković
Drašković, MiloradMilorad Drašković
(1873–1921)
Acting
27 March 192124 May 192158 daysDSCivilian
(2)
Stevan S. Hadžić
S. Hadžić, StevanGeneral
Stevan S. Hadžić
(1868–1931)
24 May 192120 July 192157 daysIndependentRoyal Army
4
Milivoje Zečević
Zečević, MilivojeGeneral
Milivoje Zečević
(1872–1946)
20 July 19213 January 1922167 daysIndependentRoyal Army
5
Miloš M. Vasić
M. Vasić, MilošGeneral
Miloš M. Vasić
(1859–1935)
5 January 19224 November 1922303 daysIndependentRoyal Army
6
Petar Pešić
Pešić, PetarArmy General
Petar Pešić
(1871–1944)
[b]
4 November 192227 July 19241 year, 266 daysIndependentRoyal Army
(2)
Stevan S. Hadžić
S. Hadžić, StevanArmy General
Stevan S. Hadžić
(1868–1931)
27 July 19246 November 1924102 daysIndependentRoyal Army
7
Dušan Trifunović
Trifunović, DušanDivisional General
Dušan Trifunović
(1880–1942)
6 November 192424 December 19262 years, 48 daysIndependentRoyal Army
(2)
Stevan S. Hadžić
S. Hadžić, StevanArmy General
Stevan S. Hadžić
(1868–1931)
24 December 192623 April 1931†4 years, 120 daysIndependentRoyal Army
8
Dragomir Stojanović
Stojanović, DragomirArmy General
Dragomir Stojanović
(1878–1943)
24 April 193118 April 19342 years, 359 daysIndependentRoyal Army
9
Milan Ž. Milovanović
Ž. Milovanović, MilanArmy General
Milan Ž. Milovanović
(1874–1942)
18 April 193422 October 1934187 daysIndependentRoyal Army
10
Petar Živković
Živković, PetarArmy General
Petar Živković
(1879–1947)
22 October 19347 March 19361 year, 137 daysIndependentRoyal Army
11
Ljubomir Marić
Marić, LjubomirArmy General
Ljubomir Marić
(1878–1960)
8 March 193625 August 19382 years, 170 daysIndependentRoyal Army
12
Milutin Nedić
Nedić, MilutinArmy General
Milutin Nedić
(1882–1945)
25 August 193826 August 19391 dayIndependentRoyal Army
13
Milan Nedić
Nedić, MilanArmy General
Milan Nedić
(1877–1946)
[c]
26 August 19396 November 19401 year, 72 daysIndependentRoyal Army
(6)
Petar Pešić
Pešić, PetarArmy General
Petar Pešić
(1871–1944)
6 November 194027 March 1941141 daysIndependentRoyal Army
14
Bogoljub Ilić
Ilić, BogoljubArmy General
Bogoljub Ilić
(1881–1953)
27 March 194118 April 194122 daysIndependentRoyal Army

Yugoslav government-in-exile (1941–1945)[edit]

Minister of the Army and Navy Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Bogoljub Ilić
Ilić, BogoljubArmy General
Bogoljub Ilić
(1881–1953)
[d]
18 April 194121 August 1941125 daysIndependentRoyal Army
Minister of the Army Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Bogoljub Ilić
Ilić, BogoljubArmy General
Bogoljub Ilić
(1881–1953)
21 August 194111 January 1942143 daysIndependentRoyal Army
2
Dragoljub Mihailović
Mihailović, DragoljubBrigadier General
Dragoljub Mihailović
(1893–1946)
[e]
11 January 194214 January 19423 daysIndependentJVuO
Minister of the Air Force and Navy Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Dušan Simović
Simović, DušanArmy General
Dušan Simović
(1882–1962)
21 August 194111 January 1942153 daysIndependentRoyal Air Force
2
Dragoljub Mihailović
Mihailović, DragoljubBrigadier General
Dragoljub Mihailović
(1893–1946)
[f]
11 January 194214 January 19423 daysIndependentJVuO
Minister of the Army, Navy and Air Force Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Dragoljub Mihailović
Mihailović, DragoljubArmy General
Dragoljub Mihailović
(1893–1946)
[g]
14 January 19421 July 19442 years, 169 daysIndependentJVuO
Ivan Šubašić
Šubašić, IvanIvan Šubašić
(1892–1955)
Acting
1 July 194411 September 194472 daysHSSCivilian
2
Borisav Ristić
Ristić, BorisavDivisional General
Borisav Ristić
(1883–1967)
11 September 194426 January 1945137 daysIndependentJVvO
Ivan Šubašić
Šubašić, IvanIvan Šubašić
(1892–1955)
Acting
26 January 19457 March 194540 daysHSSCivilian

National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (1943–1945)[edit]

Commissioner for Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozMarshal of Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
29 November 19437 March 19451 year, 98 daysSKJNOV i POJ

SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1992)[edit]

The Federal Secretary of People's Defence of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian: Savezni sekretar za narodnu odbranu SFRJ, Cyrillic: Савезни секретар за народну одбрану СФРЈ) was that country's defence minister during its existence from 1945 to 1992. He was the head of the Federal Secretariat of People's Defence (Savezni sekretarijat za narodnu odbranu - SSNO) and it was the most effective military person, while the Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav People's Army (which was the formational part of SSNO) was the most professional and staff body.

It was the part of the Federal Executive Council (Federal Government).

Federal Secretary of People's Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozMarshal of Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
[h]
7 March 194514 January 19537 years, 313 daysSKJKoV JNA.JPG
Ground Forces
2
Ivan Gošnjak
Gošnjak, IvanGeneral of the Army
Ivan Gošnjak
(1909–1980)
[i]
14 January 195318 May 196714 years, 124 daysSKJKoV JNA.JPG
Ground Forces
3
Nikola Ljubičić
Ljubičić, NikolaGeneral of the Army
Nikola Ljubičić
(1916–2005)
[j]
18 May 19675 May 198214 years, 352 daysSKJKoV JNA.JPG
Ground Forces
4
Branko Mamula
Mamula, BrankoAdmiral of the Fleet
Branko Mamula
(born 1921)
[k]
5 May 198215 May 19886 years, 10 daysSKJSeal of the Yugoslav Navy.svg
Navy
5
Veljko Kadijević
Kadijević, VeljkoGeneral of the Army
Veljko Kadijević
(1925–2014)
15 May 19888 January 19923 years, 235 daysSKJKoV JNA.JPG
Ground Forces
Blagoje Adžić
Adžić, BlagojeColonel General
Blagoje Adžić
(1932–2012)
Acting
8 January 199227 February 199250 daysIndependentKoV JNA.JPG
Ground Forces
Života Panić
Panić, ŽivotaColonel General
Života Panić
(1933–2003)
Acting
27 February 199220 May 199283 daysIndependentKoV JNA.JPG
Ground Forces

FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro (1992–2006)[edit]

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia and the secession of four out of six constituent republic in the SFR Yugoslavia the remaining two (Serbia and Montenegro) established a federation in 1992 called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FR Yugoslavia). This lasted until 2003 when it was reconstituted as a state union called Serbia and Montenegro. In 2006 both countries declared independence and parted ways.

Minister of Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Milan Panić
Panić, MilanMilan Panić
(born 1929)
14 July 19922 March 1993231 daysIndependentCivilian
2
Pavle Bulatović
Bulatović, PavlePavle Bulatović
(1948–2000)
2 March 19937 February 2000 †6 years, 342 daysDPS
SNP
Civilian
3
Dragoljub Ojdanić
Ojdanić, DragoljubGeneral of the Army
Dragoljub Ojdanić
(born 1941)
[l]
15 February 20004 November 2000263 daysIndependentGround Forces
4
Slobodan Krapović
Krapović, SlobodanSlobodan Krapović
(born 1948)
4 November 200029 January 20021 year, 86 daysSNPCivilian
5
Velimir Radojević
Radojević, VelimirVelimir Radojević
(born 1956)
29 January 200217 March 20031 year, 47 daysSNPCivilian
6
Boris Tadić
Tadić, BorisBoris Tadić
(born 1958)
[m]
17 March 200316 April 20041 year, 30 daysDSCivilian
7
Prvoslav Davinić
Davinić, PrvoslavPrvoslav Davinić
(born 1938)
16 April 200421 October 20051 year, 188 daysG17 PlusCivilian
8
Zoran Stanković
Stanković, ZoranMajor General of the Sanitation (Ret'd)
Zoran Stanković
(born 1954)
21 October 20054 June 2006226 daysIndependentGround Forces
(Ret'd)

Headquarters (1965–1999)[edit]

Standards[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Previously served as Minister of the Army of the Kingdom of Serbia
  2. ^ General until 1923
  3. ^ Brother of Milutin Nedić. Later served as the Prime Minister of the Government of National Salvation from 1941 to 1944
  4. ^ Ministry split into two, Ministry of the Army and Ministry of the Air Force and Navy
  5. ^ Ministry joined with Ministry of the Air Force and Navy
  6. ^ Ministry joined with Ministry of the Army
  7. ^ Brigadier General until 19 January 1942 and Divisional General until 17 June 1942. Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command of the Yugoslav Army in the Homeland from 10 June 1942.
    Until 1 July 1944, on behalf of Mihailović and due to his absence, designated representatives (Slobodan Jovanović, Petar Živković and Božidar Purić) implemented decisions of the government.
  8. ^ Prime Minister of Yugoslavia from 1943 to 1963. President of Yugoslavia from 1953 to 1980
  9. ^ Considered for promotion to rank General (YPA) in 1955
  10. ^ Afterwards served as the President of the Presidency of Serbia from 1982 to 1984, and as a member of the Presidency of Yugoslavia for SR Serbia from 1984 to 1989
  11. ^ Previously served as the Chief of the General Staff from 1979 to 1982. Admiral until 1983
  12. ^ Previously served as the Chief of the General Staff from 1998 to 2000
  13. ^ Afterwards served as the President of Serbia from 2004 to 2012

External links[edit]