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Ministry of Defence Police

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Ministry of Defence Police
Agency overview
Preceding agency
Annual budget£180 million[1][2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionUnited Kingdom
Constituting instrument
General nature
Operational structure
Overseen byMinistry of Defence Police Committee
HeadquartersRAF Wyton, Cambridgeshire, England
Minister responsible
Agency executive
www.mod.police.uk Edit this at Wikidata

The Ministry of Defence Police (MDP) is a civilian special police force which is part of the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence. The MDP's primary responsibilities are to provide armed security and counter terrorism services to designated high-risk areas, as well as uniformed policing and limited investigative services to Ministry of Defence property, personnel, and installations throughout the United Kingdom. The MDP are not military police. Service personnel often refer to the MDP by the nickname "MOD plod".[3][4]

The force was formed in 1971 by the merger of three separate service constabularies: the Air Force Department Constabulary, the Army Department Constabulary, and the Admiralty Constabulary. The force, which consists of two divisions, is headquartered at RAF Wyton, Cambridgeshire.

The MDP underwent a significant restructuring as part of the coalition government's post-2010 austerity measures, and the Strategic Defence and Security Review. Its budget was cut from £360 million to £180 million and it was to lose 20% of its manpower and up to 50% of its stations by 2016.[1]

As of March 2019, the force had a workforce of around 2,549 police officers and 227 police staff based at numerous defence and infrastructure locations across the United Kingdom.[5] The MDP has the second highest number of officers trained as AFOs of any police force, after the Metropolitan Police Service, who as of March 2019, had 2,623 AFOs.[6]

In 2016, MDP officers made 61 arrests.[7] Comparatively, in the year ending March 2017, a territorial police forces with similar numbers of officers, Sussex Police, made 17,506 arrests.[8]


The Ministry of Defence Police was formed in 1971 by the merger of three civil constabularies, the Air Force Department Constabulary (previously under the control of the Air Ministry), the Army Department Constabulary (previously under the control of the War Office), and the Admiralty Constabulary (previously under the control of the Admiralty).[9]

These earlier constabularies were formed as a result of the Special Constables Act 1923, although their histories can be traced back much further as watchmen.[9] Their powers came from different legislative sources. In 1984, the House of Commons Defence Select Committee recognised the difficulties under which the Ministry of Defence Police were operating; the committee's recommendations led to the passing of the Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987.[9]

During the period 2004–2013 the MDP was part of the wider Ministry of Defence Police and Guarding Agency (MDPGA) together with the civilian uniformed Ministry of Defence Guard Service (MGS). As a result of cuts made to the UK defence budget, arising from the Strategic Defence and Security Review of 2010, the MDPGA was disbanded on 1 April 2013. The MDP returned to standalone police force status. The MGS was cut heavily and became part of the new Defence Infrastructure Organisation.[10]


The Ministry of Defence's (MoD) requirement of the MDP is expressed in six core capabilities:[11]

  1. Armed nuclear security
  2. Territorial policing and security
  3. Intelligence gathering and analysis to support the efficient and effective deployment of MDP resources
  4. The prevention, investigation and detection of fraud and corruption, and the theft of or criminal damage to key defence equipment and assets.
  5. To provide specialist civil policing support to defence and other international policing commitments, in support of UK government policy.
  6. To maintain specialist policing capabilities that can be deployed at short notice as part of the response to unforeseen requirements at defence establishments in the UK.

Deployment and locations[edit]

The MDP is currently deployed at approximately 36 defence locations around the United Kingdom. These include—but are no longer limited to—military establishments, defence housing estates, military training areas, the royal dockyards, and the Atomic Weapons Establishment. Since January 2008, the MDP has also taken on the role of providing armed security at four gas terminals in the UK, part of the critical national infrastructure.[12] In February 2015, the MDP deployed officers to GCHQ Cheltenham on a full-time basis;[13] this was in response to the 2014 increase to the UK threat level from international terrorism.[14]


MDP officers are attested as constables in one of the three jurisdictions of the United Kingdom: England & Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, but can exercise their powers in matters relating to the Ministry of Defence Estate throughout the United Kingdom, and additionally in the circumstances described below.[15] MDP officers' natural geographic jurisdiction relates to MOD property and land as set out in section 2 of the Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987,[16] which was amended by the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001. MDP officers also have police jurisdiction in relation to certain persons connected with the MOD, crime related to the MOD and the escorting of the movement of MOD property anywhere in the United Kingdom.[17]

MDP officers are able to take on the powers of constables of territorial police forces, or other special police forces, such as British Transport Police, in certain situations. This is known as 'extended jurisdiction' and use of these powers is set out in the Ministry of Defence Police Act (as amended).[17] Protocols are in place which govern the relationships between the MOD Police and local forces under these circumstances.[18]

Policing protocols with other forces[edit]

Local agreements with territorial police forces are made under the overarching general protocols agreed between the MDP chief constable and other chief constables. These set out the agreed working relationship between the MDP and other police forces; outlining, where necessary, areas of responsibility and accountability. The protocols make provision for consultation and co-operation between the forces, with the aim of delivering the best policing on the ground.[19]


Unlike the other special police forces in the United Kingdom, the MDP does not have a police authority to oversee the functions of the force; however, the Ministry of Defence Police Committee, established by the Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987, advises the Secretary of State for Defence on matters concerning the MDP.[20] The committee (or its members) also has various functions in determining police misconduct and appeals cases.[21]

According to the terms of reference of the MOD Police Committee, the committee is responsible for:[22]

  • providing scrutiny and guidance to ensure that police powers and authority are impartially and lawfully exercised by the chief constable
  • confirming that the MDP is meeting the standards required of a police force
  • confirming that the MDP's exercise of its authority is responsible, proportionate and impartial
  • confirming that MoD's use of the MDP is appropriate in relation to the exercising of policing powers and authority
  • providing scrutiny and guidance on matters of efficiency and effectiveness and on any other matter in relation to the use of policing powers which fall within the responsibility of the MDP
  • considering the MDP's targets, financial performance and risk management arrangements
  • providing advice once a year to the top-line budget holder covering financial performance and risk management for inclusion in the Annual Assurance Report
  • assisting in the appointment of chief officers to the MDP
  • considering all complaints made against MDP chief officers (this responsibility may be delegated to a sub-panel of the committee)
  • undertaking all responsibilities required of the MDP Conduct and Appeal Regulations[21]
  • submitting an annual report to the Defence Secretary on the MDP's discharge of policing powers, and providing advice to ministers and the department, on matters concerning value for money and efficiencies
  • publishing the operating costs and expenses of the committee each year

Command structure[edit]

The MDP has two land-based functional divisions (reduced from five geographic divisions as part of SDSR in April 2012):[23]

  • Nuclear Division
  • Territorial Division

Rank insignia[edit]

Ministry of Defence Police (MDP) Ranks
Rank Chief constable
Deputy chief constable
Assistant chief constable
Chief superintendent Superintendent Chief inspector Inspector Sergeant Constable Defence Community Support Officer
Epaulette insignia


As of May 2017, the force strength was around 2,594.[24] According to the 2019–20 Policing Plan, the MDP has a workforce of around 2,900 police officers and 260 police staff based at numerous defence locations across the United Kingdom.[25]

Entry requirements[edit]

Entry requirements for new officers are similar to UK territorial police forces; however, because all MDP officers can carry firearms, the eyesight focal acuity standard and basic fitness standard is higher. Entrants must also be British nationals.[26] The MDP recruits nationally and new entrants may be given a posting anywhere in the UK. In practice, most new entrants are initially posted to nuclear division; either at one of the two AWE establishments in South East England or one of the stations in Western Scotland.[26]

Initial training[edit]

MDP recruits are trained at the Force Training Centre at MOD Southwick Park on a 12-week fully residential course. The program follows the College of Policing initial learning and development syllabus.[27]

Security clearance[edit]

In addition to pre-entry security checks, all MDP officers are required to hold at least UK Government Security Check (SC) clearance (which clears the holder to UK Secret level). All Nuclear Division officers, and about 30% of all other officers, are required to hold Developed Vetting (DV) status, which involves an extensive background investigation and formal interviews.[28] DV status clears the officer to UK Top Secret level.

Those officers working with US Forces in the UK are required to hold a US Common Access Card for which the US Government carries out its own security checks on the officer.[29]

Terms and conditions[edit]

New entrants perform a two-year probationary period.

As of 2023, the starting pay for newly recruited MDP constables is £25,346.[30] New recruits are entitled to 22 days leave, which rises to 30 days after 20 years service.[30]

Discipline in the MDP is governed by the Ministry of Defence Police (Conduct) Regulations 2009,[31] which broadly resemble the Police (Conduct) Regulations 2008 that govern territorial police forces. MDP officers retain a full national mobility liability, and can be posted anywhere in the UK at any time. In practice most movement is voluntary, either on promotion or requested moves for personal reasons.

MDP pay follows the same scale as territorial police forces; however, MDP officers are part of the Civil Service Pension Scheme, not the Police Pension Scheme and only contribute 3.5% of their gross salary, compared to territorial police force officers who contribute 11%. To even out this anomaly, MDP officers pay is abated. This is known as the MDP Net Pay Deduction.[32]

The MDP operates a random and 'with cause', alcohol and drugs screening policy. An annual fitness test for all AFOs is to be introduced.[33]

MDP officers are eligible for the Principal Civil Service Pension Scheme (ALPHA).[30]

Defence Police Federation[edit]

The MDP has its own federation (i.e., trade union) separate from Home Office police federations. The Defence Police Federation (DPF) was created in 1971 and has legal status by provision of the Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987. The DPF functions in a similar fashion to a trade union, with membership being voluntary,[34] except that — like all UK police forces — officers do not have the right to take strike action.

The DPF has in recent years concentrated its efforts on what it sees as unfair conditions leveled on MDP Officers in comparison to other Home Office (HO) and Special Police forces. These include:

  • Pay – MDP Officers are only paid 95% of the salary other officers receive. This includes Civil Nuclear Constabulary(CNC) Officers, who now have full pay parity with HO Forces.[35]
  • Retirement age – MDP Officers are currently expected to work until age 65. This includes qualifying yearly as an AFO and completing the bleep test to 7.6. The DPF is currently co-operating with a study by the University of Loughborough to determine how realistic these fitness expectations are of officers as they age.[36]

Uniform, armament and equipment[edit]


Officers in polo shirts and body armour. Weapons carried are C8 carbines.

Aside from their personal body armour, PAVA incapacitation spray, batons and Hiatt speedcuffs, all MDP officers are trained to use firearms and about 90% are armed at any one time.[37]

Most officers are armed with the force weapon, the Heckler & Koch MP7.[38]

Special capabilities[edit]

MDP RIB at Clyde

Marine unit[edit]

The MDP has a large marine fleet. The marine support units are responsible for the waterborne security of His Majesty's Dockyards and HM Naval Bases.[39] The marine support units are based at HMNB Portsmouth, HMNB Devonport and HMNB Clyde. At HMNB Clyde, the marine unit works with the Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines.

see also – island-class patrol vessel (2013)

In 2021, the Ministry of Defence contracted with Marine Specialised Technology to build 16 new patrol boats for the Ministry of Defence Police and a further two specifically for the Gibraltar Defence Police. The new 15m boats, which are replacing the existing vessels, have a crew of three (plus room for four more passengers), a top speed of 30 knots and are fitted with both ballistic protection and CCTV surveillance systems. Delivery of the vessels was expected to begin in July 2022.[40][41]

Chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear response[edit]

MDP officer on range—with MP7 in CBRN Suit

Although only constituting 1.5% of the national police force, the MDP has 8% of the national chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) response capability. Officers deployed to Nuclear Division are trained in CBRN defence and to work in radiologically controlled environments. The force maintains a large pool of specially-trained officers nationally, known as the Nuclear Guard Force (NGF),[42] who can be deployed at short notice in the event of a nuclear accident; they perform this function alongside the UK's national Nuclear Accident Response Organisation (NARO).[43]

Dog sections[edit]

MDP explosives detection dog searching vehicles

The MDP has the second largest number of police dogs of any UK police force and utilises explosive, drug, tactical firearms support, and general purpose police dogs.[39]

Central Support Groups[edit]

The Force has three Central Support Groups (CSGs), which provide regional support where additional resources are needed. These are located at Aldershot, Bicester and Scotland.[39]

Tactical Firearms Unit[edit]

The Tactical Firearms Unit is a specialist group of officers within the AWE Division. MDP TFU is tasked with, and equipped to provide, an advanced firearms response capability at short notice to the Atomic Weapons Establishment. The TFU specialises in dynamic entry and dynamic intervention inside Nuclear Weapons facilities; including, if necessary, the recapture of Nuclear Weapons and special nuclear material.[44]

Defence community police officers[edit]

DCPOs are unarmed MDP officers who provide community policing to Defence establishments or large military housing estates, in a similar manner to the Neighbourhood Policing Teams of territorial police forces. DCPOs generally work in single-officer posts and often work from within defence community centres or service police stations. In 2013, the number of Defence sites covered by Defence community police officers was cut, from over 40 locations nationwide to 16 locations.[45]

Project Servator[edit]

The MDP has been implementing Project Servator as a new effects-based policing tactic since 2016 to deter and detect criminal and terrorist activity, as well as to reassure the various communities they serve.[46][47] Project Servator tactics provide a strategic approach to defending sites that the MDP protects and are part of the Force's drive to deploy resources efficiently and effectively within its Operational Policing Model.[48] Project Servator is utilised in and around the sites that the MDP protect across the UK, including HMNB Portsmouth,[49] AWE Aldermaston,AWE Burghfield, HMNB Clyde, RNAD Coulport, HMNB Devonport and Whitehall. A surge capability is also available where required. The MDP work closely with: Police Scotland, Metropolitan Police Service, City of London Police,[50] MOD Guard Service[51] and British Transport Police, who also operate Project Servator in the areas close to the communities that the MDP serves.

International policing[edit]

The MDP has been one of the largest contributors of UK police officers to overseas policing missions, with the majority deployed to Kosovo and Afghanistan.[52][53]

Notable incidents and investigations[edit]

  • 1997: Milos Stankovic: British Army officer Major Milos Stankovic, whose father was a Serbian, was arrested and interviewed by the MDP in 1997 under the Official Secrets Act acting on information that alleged that he, while serving as a Serbo-Croat interpreter for senior British Army officers in Sarajevo, passed sensitive information to the Bosnian Serbs.[54] During the investigations, MDP officers interviewed more than 100 witnesses in Britain and abroad. But the investigation, which cost more than £250,000, found no evidence of espionage. The case did not proceed to trial. Stankovic went to the press, and sued the MDP for £1 million compensation. In 2007, Mr Justice Saunders threw out the majority of his case and awarded just £5,000 for the MDP "seizing and removing items outside the terms of a search warrant" but making Stankovic liable for all costs (circa £500,000) "[55]
  • 1998, Tony Geraghty: British–Irish author and journalist Tony Geraghty was arrested and his house searched by MDP Special Branch, investigating offences against the Official Secrets Act involving his contact with a former Northern Ireland bomb disposal officer Lt Col Nigel Wylde. Wylde was subsequently charged with passing secrets to Geraghty, but the case collapsed during trial. It led to criticism in the media that the MDP was beyond public accountability and had the power to impede the freedom of the press.[56][57]
  • 2003–2004, Pitcairn Island Child Abuse investigations (Operation Unique): MDP officers were deployed to Pitcairn as part of the international investigation team into communal child sexual abuse on the island.[58]
  • 7 July 2005, Response to London suicide bombings: Operation Toga saw a significant deployment of firearms officers on a non-Ministry of Defence tasking, to assist the Metropolitan Police to counter the threat of further suicide attacks in Central London.[59]
  • 2001–2005, Deepcut Barracks suspicious deaths of four soldiers: MDP CID Involvement in investigations, which later led to a complaint to the Independent Police Complaints Commission by the deceased's families, who refused to believe police conclusions that each of the deaths by shooting of the soldiers was suicide, but an independent review by Nicholas Blake QC in 2007 absolved Surrey Police and MDP of any wrongdoing, but was highly critical of the Army. The events of the deaths are the subject of the stage play "Deep Cut" by Philip Ralph.[60]
  • 2006, Ipswich Prostitute Murders: MDP provided an OSU and 100 additional officers for searches and enquiries at the request of Suffolk Constabulary following the murder of five women by Steve Wright[61]
  • 26 January 2009, Death of Krzysztof Lubkiewicz: The IPCC investigated the MDP after the death of a Polish national immediately after contact with MDP officers. The officers themselves were later exonerated; however, the IPCC criticised the MDP's divisional control room's procedures, and their communication with other forces. This was the first investigation of the MDP by the IPCC after its jurisdiction was extended to include the MDP in 2008.[62][63]
  • 29 September 2010: The leak of Secretary of State for Defence Liam Fox's letter to Prime Minister David Cameron: MDP CID London and OSU South were tasked to search MoD Headquarters in Whitehall, and carry out an investigation to uncover the person(s) responsible for leaking a highly damaging letter from Defence Secretary Liam Fox to Prime Minister David Cameron, to the press. In the letter, Fox expressed grave concerns about forthcoming defence cuts.[64] No one was ever charged.[65]
  • 8 August 2011: The 2011 England riots. Two days after the riots began, as a result of a direct tasking from the Home Office, the Chief Constable MDP deployed all available MDP public order officers to the Metropolitan Police Area to assist with restoration and the maintenance of public order in London. MDP General Police Duties officers were also sent to reinforce Essex police, to backfill for Essex officers who had been sent into London.[66]
  • 24 May 2017: Manchester Arena bombing MOD police officers were deployed to assist Kent police, Nottinghamshire police, and Leicestershire police among others as part of Operation Temperer[67]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "TalkThrough 150" (PDF). MoD Police. p. 33. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  2. ^ "MDPGA – Chief Executive's Annual Report and Accounts 2006–07" (PDF). Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 2007: 76. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Comment: Beware the Ministry of Defence Police | Columnists | guardian.co.uk". www.theguardian.com. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  4. ^ Ministry of Defence (20 February 2018). "We are Defence: this is Claire's story". Medium. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Freedom of information :Statistics for Equality Diversity and Inclusion - a Freedom of Information request to Ministry of Defence Police". WhatDoTheyKnow. 22 April 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Police use of firearms statistics, England and Wales: April 2018 to March 2019". GOV.UK. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Police powers and procedures England and Wales year ending 31 March 2017 second edition". GOV.UK. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b c Button, Mark (2002). Chapter 5: "Specialised police organisations". In: Private Policing. Cullompton: Willan Publishing. ISBN 1-903240-52-2
  10. ^ Ministry of Defence. "MDPGA framework document 2010–2013 – Publications". GOV.UK. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  11. ^ "MOD Police". GOV.UK. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  12. ^ "police cut gas terminal numbers". BBC. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Exclusive: Armed Ministry of Defence Police go on patrol at GCHQ in Cheltenham". Gloucestershire Echo. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  14. ^ "Armed police to patrol GCHQ full time". itv.com. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987". Statutelaw.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  16. ^ "Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987". Statutelaw.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  17. ^ a b "Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987". Statutelaw.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  18. ^ "MOD Police jurisdiction". Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  19. ^ "www.mod.uk/". mod.uk/. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  20. ^ section 1, Ministry of Defence Police Act 1987; The Ministry of Defence Police (Committee) Regulations 2009
  21. ^ a b The Ministry of Defence Police Appeals Tribunals Regulations 2009 and The Ministry of Defence Police (Conduct) Regulations 2009
  22. ^ "MOD Police Committee: terms of reference". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence.
  23. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Lords, Westminster. "Lords Hansard text for 27 Mar 201227 Mar 2012 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 8 October 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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  30. ^ a b c "Pay and benefits". Retrieved 5 February 2023.
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  32. ^ Ministry of Defence Police – Protecting the UK's Defence Capability Archived 19 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  34. ^ "The Defence Police Federation Website". Dpf.org.uk. 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  35. ^ "Civil Nuclear Police Federation". www.civilnuclearpolicefederation.org.uk. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  36. ^ "Study looks into effects of age and gender on the physical fitness of Ministry of Defence Police officers". www.dpf.org.uk. 5 September 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  37. ^ "Ministry of Defence Police – Protecting the UK's Defence Capability". Mod.police.uk. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  38. ^ "MoD Police takes delivery of 21st Century Weapon". Government News Network. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2007.
  39. ^ a b c "Ministry of Defence Police Recruitment | Specialist Units". Mod.police.uk. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  40. ^ "Two new vessels for GDP as part of £36m MoD contract". Gibraltar Chronicle. 17 June 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  41. ^ "MOD Police To Receive New Patrol Craft In £36m Contract". Forces Net. 16 June 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  42. ^ "MINISTRY OF DEFENCE POLICE RECRUITMENT FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS" (PDF). MOD. 8 February 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  43. ^ "Nuclear: emergency planning and atmospheric testing programme". gov.uk. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  44. ^ Ministry of Defence Police – Protecting the UK's Defence Capability Archived 19 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  47. ^ ""More Servator Rolled Out")". Professional Security Magazine. November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  48. ^ ""The New Operational Policing Model" page 3)" (PDF). MoD(Talk Through, Issue 160, November 2015. November 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  49. ^ ""Project Servator starts rolling out" page 10)" (PDF). MoD(Talk Through, Issue 163, July 2017. July 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  50. ^ "Police 'terror' operation stops vehicles just yards from London Bridge attack)". Express. 12 July 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  51. ^ "MDP marks 5 years of Project Servator". GOV.UK. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  52. ^ "MOD Police Officers Fight Crime in Helmand | UK Police News". Police Oracle. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
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  54. ^ "The MoD police force strikes again". Retrieved 24 June 2015.
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  57. ^ Jury, Louise; Brown, Colin (21 January 2001). "New MoD police powers 'threaten press'". The Independent. London.[dead link]
  58. ^ Tweedie, Neil (25 September 2004). "The sex abuse trial casting a long cloud over a tiny island". Irish Independent.
  59. ^ "Ministry of Defence Police and Guarding Agency Annual Report & Accounts 2005/2006" (PDF). gov.uk. 25 July 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  60. ^ Blake, Nicholas (29 March 2006). "The Deepcut Review" (PDF). House of Commons. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  61. ^ "Suffolk killings: Inquiry so far". BBC News. 19 December 2006.
  62. ^ "IPCC to independently investigate Ministry of Defence Police". Ipcc.gov.uk. 16 February 2009. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  63. ^ "Drunk man killed after cops refuse help". mirror. 7 November 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  64. ^ "Defence cuts: Liam Fox's leaked letter in full". The Daily Telegraph. London. 28 September 2010. Archived from the original on 1 October 2010.
  65. ^ "Police search MoD headquarters for letter leak source". BBC News. 29 September 2010.
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  67. ^ "MOD Police to Help Patrol Kent".

External links[edit]