The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology(文部科学省,Monbu-kagaku-shō?), also known as MEXT, Monka-shō, and Monbushō, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government.
The Meiji government created the first Ministry of Education in 1871.
The Japanese government centralises education, and it is managed by a state bureaucracy that regulates almost every aspect of the education process. The School Education Law requires schools around the country to use textbooks that follow the curriculum guideline set by the ministry, although there are some exceptions.
In January 2001, the former Monbu-shō and the former Science and Technology Agency (科学技術庁,Kagaku-gijutsu-chō?) merged to become the present MEXT.
MEXT is led by a minister, who is a member of the Cabinet and is chosen by the Prime Minister, typically from the members of the Diet.
MEXT provides the Children Living Abroad and Returnees Internet (CLARINET) which provides information to Japanese families living abroad.
MEXT sends teachers around the world to serve in nihonjin gakkō, full-time Japanese international schools in foreign countries. The Japanese government also sends full-time teachers to hoshū jugyō kō supplementary schools that offer lessons that are similar to those of nihonjin gakkō and/or those which each have student bodies of 100 students or greater. In addition MEXT subsidizes weekend schools which each have over 100 students.