Ministry of Human Resource Development

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Ministry of Human Resource Development
Logo of the Ministry of Human Resource Development.png
Ministry overview
Formed Grameen Bharat Hindi Prachar Mandal
Jurisdiction India Republic of India
Headquarters Shastri Bhawan,
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,
New Delhi
Minister responsible
Deputy Ministers responsible
Child agencies

The Ministry of Human Resource Development, formerly Ministry of Education (until 25 September 1985), is responsible for the development of human resources in India. The Ministry is divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with university education, technical education, scholarship etc. The erstwhile Ministry of Education now functions under these two departments, as of 26 September 1985.

The Ministry is headed by the cabinet-ranked Minister of Human Resources Development, a member of the Council of Ministers. The current HRD minister is Prakash Javadekar.[1]

Department of School Education and Literacy[edit]

The Department of School Education and Literacy is responsible for development of school education and literacy in the country. It works on “universalisation of education” and for the cultivation of higher standards for citizenship among the youth of India.

Addressing a Press conference in Nagpur, Maharashtra The Indian student Political party, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP)s General secretary Vinay Bidre, has urged the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) to Introduce reforms and formulate a new education policy to renew the basic structure of education and stop its commercialization and be Generous. Referring to new MHRD Policy, which makes English Science and Maths as compulsory since Std I, ABVP urged Not to force, English, Maths and Science since Std I, But to Promote Subjects like Pyschology, Ancient Indian Medicine Ayurveda and regional languages along with India's Ancient Classical Historical Language Sanskrit, ABVP urged the Bachelors, Masters and Ph.D type Degree courses should be available In Indian languages for Better Understanding and it should be affordable.[2] Addressing a press conference ABVP general secretary Vinay Bidre said the MHRD should create an autonomous education commission under the policy. "The last decade has seen education become more of a business, so a centralized policy is needed to stop this commercialization of education immediately.[3]

Department of Higher Education[edit]

The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956.[4][5][6] The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform. For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian student benefit from the world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions. The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutions): IIITs (4 - Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Kancheepuram), IITs (16), IIMs (13), IISc, IISER (5), NITs (30), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT)[7]

Organisational structure[edit]

The department is divided into eight bureaus, and most of the work of the department is handled through over 100 autonomous organisations under these bureaus.[8]



The main objectives of the Ministry would be:

  • Formulating the National Policy on Education and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit
  • Planned development, including expanding access and improving quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, including in the regions where people do not have easy access to education.
  • Paying special attention to disadvantaged groups like the poor, females and the minorities
  • Provide financial help in the form of scholarships, loan subsidy, etc. to deserving students from deprived sections of the society.
  • Encouraging international cooperation in the field of education, including working closely with the UNESCO and foreign governments as well as Universities, to enhance the educational opportunities in the country.


Ministers of Education[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Party Prime Minister
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg 15 August 1947 22 January 1958 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
K. L. Shrimali[a] 22 January 1958 31 August 1963
Humayun Kabir 1 September 1963 21 November 1963
M. C. Chagla 21 November 1963 13 November 1966 Jawaharlal Nehru,
Lal Bahadur Shastri,
Indira Gandhi
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 14 November 1966 13 March 1967 Indira Gandhi
Triguna Sen 16 March 1967 14 February 1969
V. K. R. V. Rao 14 February 1969 18 March 1971
Siddhartha Shankar Ray 18 March 1971 20 March 1972
S. Nurul Hasan[b] Saiyid Nurul Hasan 16.jpg 24 March 1972 24 March 1977
Pratap Chandra Chunder 26 March 1977 28 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
Karan Singh Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009.jpg 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
B. Shankaranand 14 January 1980 17 October 1980 Indian National Congress (Indira) Indira Gandhi
Shankarrao Chavan 17 October 1980 8 August 1981
Sheila Kaul[c] 10 August 1981 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi,
Rajiv Gandhi
K. C. Pant 31 December 1984 25 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi

National Institutional Ranking Framework[edit]

In April 2016, Ministry of Human Resource Development published the first list of rankings of Indian colleges under National Institutional Ranking Framework.[13][14][15] The entire ranking exercise involved NBA, All India Council for Technical Education, UGC, Thomson Reuters, Elsevier and INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network) centre.[16][17] The ranking framework was launched in September 2015.[18] All 122 centrally-funded institutions - including all central universities, IITs and IIMs - participated in the first round of ranking.[19][20]


The MHRD and its set up JoSAA was criticised by Education web portals like Careers 360, for not Conducting urgent spot rounds, for over more than 3,000 seats vacant in NITs, GFTIs, and IITs. It was reported that more than 100 seats are vacant in IITs. As a result, Thousands of engineering aspirants joined Careers 360 campaign for conducting urgent spot rounds, and mailed to MHRD officials, However MHRD setted up admission conducting authority Joint Seat Allocation Authority refused to conduct spot round.[21] The decision of Joint Seat Allocation Authority agency of MHRD shattered the hopes of thousands of engineering aspirants across India. According to a leading Indian newspaper The Indian Express as of 2016, more than 1500 seats across NIT are vacant But the lack of motive from MHRD To conduct spot rounds, is the reason behind it.[22]

Experts said there are many flaws in Admission process.[23]

Failure in implementation of uniform syllabus, lack of financial aid[edit]

The MHRD which is responsible for over-looking the quality of education haven't implemented a uniform syllabus for Intermediate syllabus, i.e Class XI and XII science syllabus. Thus creating problems for the state board students who lacked the knowledge of NCERT and CBSE syllabus for clearing highly competitive Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) and NEET formerly known as AIPMT As, a result state Board student ending up getting low scores, and shattering their Aspirations in getting premier Medical and Engineering institutes across the nation.

It failed to Bring a single medical entrance entrance exam NEET in the country, Which was brought by the Supreme Court of India By a Verdict passed by supreme court on April 2016.[24]

The MHRD have no fee regulatory policy for private Medical colleges from thus they can charge 50 lakhs to 1 Crore as Admission fee and Donation fee for Admission of students under Management quota, And there is no fee regulatory policy for private medical college. Thus they can charge anywhere between 8 lakh-20 lakh for Admission Under general category, Morever private medical colleges earns 1 crore{approx 1 million USD} per seat By selling these seats to NRI/Foreigners. The Noteworthy thing is that MHRD doesn't intervene.[25][26]

The MHRD set up JoSAA which conducts common counselling i.e Admission in IITs/NITs and GFTIs charged approx 45,000 /- seat acceptance fee for Open and OBC and 20,000/- Rs for SC/ST, Making it Extremely Difficult And practically Impossible for poor and financial weak students, even meritorious to take Admission In premier Technical Institutes across India, like IITs/NITs/IIITs/GFTIs. The MHRD demanded only one year old caste certificate of OBC students i.e onwards April 2015 Through its websites like Which conducts admission to central govt institutes like NIT/IIT.

The MHRD had made admission to Premier Technical Institutes like IITs/NITs a "Business". Poor meritorious student are denied seat, further their Admission is Cancelled just because they could not Afford approx 45,000 as demanded by MHRD during seat acceptance period during 2–5 days.

During Academic year 2015, MHRD made almost 14 crores (Approx 2 million USD) while JoSAA counselling, as there was no option for Fee Refund of 45,000/-rs For GEN/OBC and 20,000Rs for SC/ST Candidates paid just for accepting the seat, whereas more than 3200 seats remained vacant.[27]

Spot round controversy[edit]

The 6th and final round of allotment of Joint Seat Allocation Authority which have been set up by MHRD was announced on 18 July.[28] After the final allotment, According to the statistics put out by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority for 92 institutes including the 22 IITs, 31 NITs and 18 other government funded technical institutes 3,195 seats are vacant across institutes after six rounds of counselling. Whereas 1,518 seats are vacant at NITs, 407 of these are vacant at IIITs, 73 at the IITs, 1,174 at other government-funded technical institutions and 23 at Indian School of Mines.[29] But according to Indian Media, in Reality More than 3000 seats are vacant. According to a report by the Times of India, around 4000-5000 seats at the National Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Information Technology and Government Funded Technology Institutes were left unfilled after JoSAA's 6th round of counselling. Parents and students have written to the Minister Prakash Javadekar and ministry officials requesting that a spot round be conducted, but JoSAA has stated that such a round will not be held. According to Economic Times, however, amid the Heavy Protests by students and parents who had petitioned to Hon President of India for intervening and MHRD Minister Prakash Javadekar, and wrote many grievances to the Ministry. MP Sushmita dev from Assam showed compassion towards students and became the voice of students and met with MHRD ministry Prakash javadekar and demanded urgent Spot round. She also said she would move to court if students interests are compromised.

Initially according to reports from various reliable sources for the academic year 2016-2017,It was reported that MHRD is going to conduct a spot round soon. .[30][31] .[32] But However MHRD spokesmen said that MHRD wont conduct spot round for academic year 2016-2017 as it is was mentioned by the supreme court guidelines that Academic session at NITs IITs should finish till 10th august,MHRD ministry tweeted that Minister Prakash Javadekar sympathised with the students and sincelery wanted to conduct spot round,but the deadline is over but aspirants said that Joint Seat Allocation Authority counselling was over on 20th july and the deadline was 10 AUGUST and questioned MHRD why it didnt conducted spot round in that time According to Times of India , Congress party`s Member of Parliament Sushmita Dev met with the then MHRD minister and opined him that he might be misinformed by his officers, since for the academic year 2015 supreme court had directed Central seat allocation board to fill up 3000 vacant seats , Honourable Supreme court of india also intervened when there as bifurcation of seats in the states of Andhra pradesh and Tamil Nadu and extended the dates for admission process, she requested MHRD minister to tell his officers to get ready with all Necessary documents related to the subject ,for appealing in the supreme court of india [33]


  1. ^ Minister of State till 10 August 1962
  2. ^ Minister of State
  3. ^ Minister of State


  1. ^ Cabinet reshuffle on 05 July 2016
  2. ^ "AVBP urges mhrd". Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "ABVP Urges MHRD to set new edu policy". Times of India. August 9, 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Ministry of Human Resource Development (India), Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. 
  6. ^ "IIST gets deemed university status". The Hindu. 15 July 2008. 
  7. ^ [1].
  8. ^ ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Department of Higher Education.
  9. ^ Technical Education Overview Dept of Ed.
  10. ^ National Level Councils Tech Ed.
  11. ^ Council of Architecture website. (1 September 1972). Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
  12. ^ "Technical Education - Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development". 
  13. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2016". MHRD. 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "HRD Ministry announces universities ranking, IIT Madras and IIM Bangalore top the list". 
  15. ^ Special Correspondent. "University ranking: At least four TN-run universities in the list". The Hindu. 
  16. ^ "JNU, Hyderabad univ among top 10 varsities: Survey". 
  17. ^ Samarth Bansal. "Claims of institutions not cross-checked". The Hindu. 
  18. ^ "IISc ranked India's best university; IIM-B tops B-School list". 
  19. ^ "Is your institute one of India's best? Check out the best ranked universities in India!". 
  20. ^ "IIMB ranked No 1 in the India Rankings 2016 in the Management Education category - Indian Institute of Management Bangalore". 
  21. ^ "Josaa refuses to conduct spot round". Archived from the original on 15 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  22. ^ "Over 1500 seats vacant across NITs". "TheIndianExpress". Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "More than 3000 seats vacant in NIT/GFTIs/IIITs; Joint careers 360 campain for spot round". "Careers 360". Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  24. ^ "NEET: Everything you need to know about the Supreme Court verdict". 5 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "State board hints at Class XI-XII syllabus change". The Times of India. April 14, 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  26. ^ Sandipan Sharma (24 May 2016). "The business of NEET: Postponement of exams is a lifeline to private colleges". Firstpost. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  27. ^ Hemali Chhapia (1 August 2015). "3,200 engineering seats vacant, govt makes Rs 14 crore". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  28. ^ "Josaa 6th round seat allotment". Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  29. ^ "IITs,NITs and vacancies". Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  30. ^ "Govt may seek supreme courts nod in filling up seats". Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  31. ^ "MHRD may conduct spot round to fill up 3000 vacant seats at NITs+system". Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  32. ^ "Aspirants future at stake as MHRD dilly dallying on filling up thousands of vacant seats in IIT/NIT". TimesofIndia. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  33. ^ "MHRD decides no spot round aspirants waste an year". 20 September 2016. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 

External links[edit]