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Ministry of Education (Taiwan)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ministry of Education, Taiwan
Jiàoyùbù (Taiwanese Mandarin)
Kàu-io̍k-pō͘ (Taiwanese Hokkien)
Kau-yuk Phu (Taiwanese Hakka)

Ministry of Education building
Agency overview
Formed1905 (Qing dynasty)
January 1912 (Beiyang government in Peking)
11 December 1928 (Nationalist government in Nanking
31 May 1948 (current form)
10 March 1950 (re-establishment in Taipei)
HeadquartersZhongzheng, Taipei
Minister responsible
Deputy Ministers responsible
Agency executive
Websiteenglish.moe.gov.tw Edit this at Wikidata

The Ministry of Education (MOE) (Chinese: 教育部; pinyin: Jiàoyùbù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kàu-io̍k-pō͘; Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Kau-yuk Phu) is the ministry of Taiwan responsible for incorporating educational policies and managing public schools.


The Taiwanese education ministry's origin goes back to the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture under the Imperial Japanese government, which took over Taiwan in 1895. During Japanese colonial rule, school attendance for Taiwanese children increased from 3.8% in 1904 to 71.3% in 1943 and literacy in Taiwan became common.[1] Modern schools were formed with widespread establishment of primary schools while higher schooling for Taiwanese people remained rare and secondary schools and colleges were mostly for Japanese nationals. In special cases many Taiwanese did receive higher schooling and many went to Japan for further studies.

The current government of Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), was formed in mainland China in 1912. After the retreat of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949, the ROC Ministry of Education was re-established in Taipei.

In 2022, in response to complaints from higher education institutions about the weekly cap on inbound visitors, the MOE reserved extra slots for foreign students to ensure they are not prevented from entering Taiwan.[2]

International partnerships[edit]

The Ministry of Education (MOE) launched a New Southbound Talent Development Program in 2017 to promote educational exchange with India.[3]

In November 2023, Montana governor Greg Gianforte announced that the Montana Office of the Commissioner of Higher Education signed a new memorandum of understanding with the Taiwanese MOE to create a Mandarin Chinese language program at the University of Montana in Missoula and an educational exchange program at Montana Technological University. This partnership followed a first wave of Montana Tech students who, after a 2022 MOU, studied at the Minghsin University of Science and Technology.[4]

In December 2023, the MOE hosted a delegation from the University of Scranton led by Joseph G. Marina to explore partnerships with Taiwanese universities. The trip followed a series of exchanges between the university and the MOE, leading to Taiwanese cultural programs, lectures, and film festivals in Scranton starting in 2010.[5]

Organizational structure[edit]

Political departments[edit]

  • Department of Planning
  • Department of Higher Education
  • Department of Technological and Vocational Education
  • Department of Lifelong Education
  • Department of International and Cross-Strait Education
  • Department of Teacher and Art Education
  • Department of Information and Technology Education
  • Department of Student Affairs and Special Education

Administrative departments[edit]

  • Department of Secretarial Affairs
  • Department of Personnel
  • Department of Civil Service Ethics
  • Department of Accounting
  • Department of Statistics
  • Department of Legal Affairs
  • Supervisory Committee Managing Retirement, Compensation, Resignation and Severance Matters for Private School Teachers and Staff


List of overseas offices[edit]

The following is a list of overseas offices:[6]

Country City Name of office
 Canada Ottawa Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Canada
Vancouver Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Vancouver
 United States Washington, D.C. Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States
Boston Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Boston
New York City Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in New York
Chicago Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Chicago
Houston Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Houston
Los Angeles Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Los Angeles
San Francisco Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in San Francisco
 Paraguay Asunción Oficina del Consejero de Educación, Embajada de la República de China (Taiwán) en Paraguay
 Russia Moscow Education Division, Representative Office in Moscow for the Taipei-Moscow Economic and Cultural Coordination Commission
 France Paris Service Education, Bureau de Représentation de Taipei en France
 Belgium Brussels Education Division, Taipei Representative Office in the EU and Belgium
 Germany Berlin Abteilung für Bildung, Taipeh Vertretung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
 United Kingdom London Education Division, Taipei Representative Office in the U.K.
 Austria Vienna Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Austria
 Sweden Stockholm Education Division, Taipei Mission in Sweden
 Poland Warsaw Education Division, Taipei Representative Office in Poland
 Japan Tokyo Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in Japan
Osaka Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Osaka
Fukuoka Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Fukuoka
 Singapore Singapore Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Singapore
 Republic of Korea Seoul Education Division, Taipei Mission in Korea
 India New Delhi Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Center in New Delhi
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Malaysia
 Australia Barton, ACT Education Division, Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Australia
 Thailand Bangkok Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Thailand
 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Ho Chi Minh City
 China Hong Kong Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Hong Kong
 Indonesia Jakarta Taipei Economic and Trade Office, Jakarta, Indonesia

List of ministers[edit]

Political Party:   Kuomintang   Non-partisan/ unknown   Democratic Progressive Party

Name Term of office Days Party Premier
1 Chu Chia-hua (朱家驊) 31 May 1948 22 December 1948 205 Kuomintang Weng Wenhao
Sun Fo
2 Mei Yi-chi (梅貽琦) Did not take office Independent
Chen Hsueh-ping (陳雪屏) 30 December 1948 5 April 1949 96 Kuomintang Sun Fo
He Yingqin
3 Han Lih-wu (杭立武) 7 April 1949 16 March 1950 343 Kuomintang He Yingqin
Yan Xishan
Chen Cheng I
4 Cheng Tien-fong (程天放) 16 March 1950 1 June 1954 1538 Kuomintang Chen Cheng I
5 Chang Chi-yun (張其昀) 1 June 1954 19 July 1958 1509 Kuomintang Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng II
6 Mei Yi-chi (梅貽琦) 19 July 1958 1 March 1961 956 Independent Chen Cheng II
7 Huang Chi-lu (黃季陸) 1 March 1961 25 January 1965 1426 Kuomintang Chen Cheng II
Yen Chia-kan
8 Yen Chen-hsing (閻振興) 25 January 1965 1 July 1969 1618 Yen Chia-kan
9 Chung Chiao-kuang (鍾皎光) 1 July 1969 16 April 1971 654 Yen Chia-kan
10 Lo Yun-ping (羅雲平) 16 April 1971 1 June 1972 412 Yen Chia-kan
11 Chiang Yen-si (蔣彥士) 1 June 1972 25 April 1977 1789 Kuomintang Chiang Ching-kuo
12 Lee Yuan-tsu (李元簇) 25 April 1977 1 June 1978 402 Kuomintang Chiang Ching-kuo
13 Chu Hui-sen (朱匯森) 1 June 1978 1 June 1984 2192 Kuomintang Sun Yun-suan
14 Lee Huan (李煥) 1 June 1984 4 July 1987 1128 Kuomintang Yu Kuo-hwa
15 Mao Gao-wen (毛高文) 4 July 1987 27 February 1993 2065 Kuomintang Yu Kuo-hwa
Lee Huan
Hau Pei-tsun
16 Kuo Wei-fan (郭為藩) 27 February 1993 10 June 1996 1199 Kuomintang Lien Chan
17 Wu Jin (吳京) 10 June 1996 9 February 1998 609 Kuomintang Lien Chan
Vincent Siew
18 Lin Ching-chiang (林清江) 9 February 1998 15 June 1999 491 Kuomintang Vincent Siew
19 Yang Chao-hsiang (|楊朝祥) 15 June 1999 20 May 2000 340 Kuomintang Vincent Siew
20 Ovid Tzeng (曾志朗) 20 May 2000 1 February 2002 622 Tang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung I
21 Huang Jong-tsun (黃榮村) 1 February 2002 20 May 2004 839 Independent Yu Shyi-kun
22 Tu Cheng-sheng (杜正勝) 20 May 2004 20 May 2008 1461 Independent Yu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang I
Chang Chun-hsiung II
23 Cheng Jei-cheng (鄭瑞城) 20 May 2008 10 September 2009 478 Liu Chao-shiuan
24 Wu Ching-ji (吳清基) 10 September 2009 6 February 2012 879 Kuomintang Wu Den-yih
25 Chiang Wei-ling (蔣偉寧) 6 February 2012 14 July 2014 889 Chen Chun
Jiang Yi-huah
Chen Der-hwa (陳德華) 14 July 2014 6 August 2014 23 Jiang Yi-huah
26 Wu Se-hwa (吳思華) 6 August 2014 20 May 2016 653 Jiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
27 Pan Wen-chung (潘文忠) 20 May 2016 19 April 2018 699 Lin Chuan
William Lai
28 Wu Maw-kuen (吳茂昆) 19 April 2018 29 May 2018 40 William Lai
Yao Leeh-ter (姚立德) 30 May 2018 15 July 2018 61 William Lai
29 Yeh Jiunn-rong (葉俊榮) 16 July 2018 25 December 2018 162 Democratic Progressive William Lai
Yao Leeh-ter (姚立德) 26 December 2018 13 January 2019 18 William Lai
(27) Pan Wen-chung (潘文忠) 14 January 2019 20 May 2024 1953 Su Tseng-chang II
Chen Chien-jen
30 Cheng Ying-yao (鄭英耀) 20 May 2024 Incumbent 58 Cho Jung-tai


The MOE building is accessible by walking distance North East of NTU Hospital Station of the Taipei Metro on the Red Line.[7]


  1. ^ Gary Marvin Davison (2003). A short history of Taiwan: the case for independence. Praeger Publishers. p. 64. ISBN 0-275-98131-2. Basic literacy came to most of the school-aged populace by the end of the Japanese tenure on Taiwan. School attendance for Taiwanese children rose steadily throughout the Japanese era, from 3.8 percent in 1904 to 13.1 percent in 1917; 25.1 percent in 1920; 41.5 percent in 1935; 57.6 percent in 1940; and 71.3 percent in 1943.
  2. ^ "Taiwan introduces extra entry slots for overseas students - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw. Retrieved 2022-09-30.
  3. ^ "Taiwan deepens higher education cooperation with India". Taiwan News. 22 November 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  4. ^ Mangrum, Meghan (2 November 2023). "Montana to launch language, educational exchange programs with Taiwan". NonStop Local. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  5. ^ "Scranton President Visits Universities in Taiwan". RoyalNews. 3 December 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  6. ^ "Overseas Offices – Overseas Education Divisions". Ministry of Education, Republic of China (Taiwan). 23 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  7. ^ "教育部 - Google Maps". Google Maps. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.