Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China

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Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国教育部
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Jiàoyùbù
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Education China.png
Logo of the Ministry
Agency overview
FormedOctober 1949; 72 years ago (1949-10)
Preceding agencies
  • Ministry of Education of the Central People's Government (1949–1985)
  • State Education Commission (1985–1998)
Jurisdiction China
HeadquartersBeijing
Annual budgetCN¥5.3 trillion (2020)[1]
Agency executive
Parent agencyState Council
Child agencies
Websitemoe.gov.cn

The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China is an agency of the State Council that regulates the education system in China, including compulsory basic education, vocational education, and tertiary education. It certifies teachers, standardizes curriculum and textbooks, establishes standards, and monitors the entire education system in an effort to "modernize China through education". It is headquartered in Damucang Hutong [zh], Xidan, Xicheng District, Beijing.[2] The MOE stresses technical education over other subjects.

The Ministry of Education was established in 1949 as the Ministry of Education of the Central People's Government, and was renamed the State Education Commission of the People's Republic of China from 1985 to 1998. Its current title was assigned during the restructuring of the State Council in 1998.

History[edit]

The Ministry of Education was one of the first Government Administration Council departments created when the People's Republic of China was founded in October 1949. The work of the ministry was overseen by the Culture and Education Commission that was created at the same time. On October 19, writer and poet Guo Moruo was made the director of the commission, and linguist Ma Xulun was made the first education minister of the People's Republic of China.[3]

List of Education Ministers[edit]

No. Name Took office Left office
Education Minister of the Central People's Government
1 Ma Xulun October 1949 November 1952
Education Minister
2 Zhang Xiruo November 1952 February 1958
3 Yang Xiufeng February 1958 February 1964
4 Liu Jiping February 1964 October 1964
5 He Wei October 1964 June 1966
Vacant during the Cultural Revolution
6 Zhou Rongxin January 1975 April 1976
7 Liu Xiyao January 1977 February 1979
8 Jiang Nanxiang February 1979 May 1982
9 He Dongchang May 1982 June 1985
Chairman of State Education Commission
10 Li Peng June 1985 April 1988
11 Li Tieying April 1988 March 1993
12 Zhu Kaixuan March 1993 March 1998
Education Minister
13 Chen Zhili March 1998 March 2003
14 Zhou Ji March 2003 November 2009
15 Yuan Guiren November 2009 July 2016
16 Chen Baosheng July 2016 August 2021
17 Huai Jinpeng August 2021 Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China spends over 5.3 trillion yuan on education in 2020_china.org.cn".
  2. ^ English home page Archived January 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Ministry of Education (China). Retrieved on December 29, 2015. "Address: No.37 Damucang Hutong, Xidan, Beijing, P.R.C " - Chinese address Archived May 7, 2015, at the Wayback Machine: "地址:北京市西单大木仓胡同37号 邮编:100816" - As of May 21, 2022 the address is the same
  3. ^ Yang, Ming; Ni, Hao (2018). Educational Governance in China. Singapore: Springer.

External links[edit]