Ministry of Employment and Social Security (Spain)
|Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social|
Fátima Bañez, current Minister of Employment and Social Security
|Formed||December 22, 2011|
|Headquarters||Nuevos Ministerios, Agustín de Bethencourt Street 4, (Madrid)|
|Annual budget||€49,3 billions|
|Website||Ministry of Employment and Social Security(in Spanish)|
The Ministry of Employment and Social Security is the ministerial department of the Government of Spain created on 2011 with competences to develop the government's policy in Employment, Social Security, Foreigners, Immigration and Emigration.
The Ministry of Employment was created in the government of Eduardo Dato on May 8, 1920. It had previously existed Institute of Social Reforms (1903, heir of the Social Reform Commission, 1883) and the National Institute of Foresight (1908), which were integrated into the new Department. It also obtained the powers of the newly disappeared Ministry of Supply (1918-1920). It was also included in the structure of the ministry the Bureau of Labor of the Directorate General of Trade, Industry and Labor, the Emigration Council and the Board of Engineers and Pensioners Abroad. The functions of the Labor Inspectorate (1906), were also given to the new ministry.
In the Second Republic, the Minister Francisco Largo Caballero was issued the Decree about Workers Associations, through which these entities passed to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labor from the Governation Ministry.
Under the Franco dictatorship and the suppression of freedom of association, demonstration and strike as well as collective bargaining, the Ministry, without prejudice to the work of the Vertical Union, expanded its capacity for action, establishing up to the detail of working conditions.
After the restoration of democracy, Social Security competences passed in 1977 to the newly created Ministry of Health, although Employment Ministry recovered them in 1981. In 1978 the National Employment Institute was created. Later, the creation in 1988 of the Ministry of Social Affairs meant the loss of social policies. Nevertheless, both Departments merged in 1996, after the electoral victory of the Popular Party, assigning itself for the first time the organisms Institute of the Woman and Institute of the Youth.
In 2004, with José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero as President of the Government, the Ministry of Employment assumes the immigration powers that until now resided in the Ministry of the Interior. In terms of social policies, in 2008 they were distributed between the Ministry of Education and the newly created Ministry of Equality (Now ministry of Health and Ministry of Equality have been merged).
In the X Legislature, from December 22, 2011, the Ministry is renamed Employment and Social Security, while retaining the same competencies.
The Ministry of Employment and Social Security is responsible for the proposal and execution of the government's policy on employment and social security, as well as the development of the Government's policy on Foreigners, immigration and emigration
- Secretary of State of Social Security.
- Secretary of State of Employment.
- Subsecretary of State of Social Security and Employment
- General Secretary of Immigration and Emigration.
List of Ministers of Labor
|8 May 1920||13 March 1921||Carlos Cañal y Migolla (6)|
|13 March 1921||14 August 1921||Eduardo Sanz y Escartín (6)|
|14 August 1921||8 March 1922||Leopoldo Matos y Massieu (6)|
|8 March 1922||7 December 1922||Abilio Calderón Rojo (12)|
|7 December 1922||3 September 1923||Joaquín Chapaprieta Torregrosa (12)|
|3 September 1923||15 September 1923||Luis Armiñán Pérez (12)|
Miguel Primo de Rivera
|17 September 1923||21 December 1923||Alejandro García Martín (12)|
|21 December 1923||7 February 1924||Juan Flórez Posada (12)|
|7 February 1924||3 November 1928||Eduardo Aunós Pérez (12)|
|3 November 1928||30 January 1930||Eduardo Aunós Pérez (4)|
|30 January 1930||18 February 1931||Pedro Sangro y Ros de Olano (4)|
|18 February 1931||14 April 1931||Gabriel Maura y Gamazo (4)|
|Second Spanish Republic
|14 April 1931||12 September 1933||Francisco Largo Caballero (1)||PSOE|
|12 September 1933||8 October 1933||Ricardo Samper Ibáñez (1)||PRR|
|8 October 1933||16 December 1933||Carles Pi i Sunyer (1)||ERC|
|16 December 1933||28 April 1934||José Estadella Arnó (1)||PRR|
|28 April 1934||4 October 1934||José Estadella Arnó (2)||PRR|
|4 October 1934||3 April 1935||José Oriol Anguera de Sojo (2)||CEDA|
|3 April 1935||6 May 1935||Eloy Vaquero Cantillo (2)||PRR|
|6 May 1935||25 September 1935||Federico Salmón (2)||CEDA|
|25 September 1935||14 December 1935||Federico Salmón (3)||CEDA|
|14 December 1935||30 December 1935||Alfredo Martínez García (3)||PLD|
|30 December 1935||19 February 1936||Manuel Becerra Fernández (3)||PC|
|19 February 1936||13 May 1936||Enrique Ramos Ramos (2)||IR|
|13 May 1936||19 July 1936||Juan Lluhí Vallescá (2)||ERC|
|19 July 1936||19 July 1936||Bernardo Giner de los Ríos (2)||Republican Union|
|19 July 1936||4 September 1936||Juan Lluhí Vallescá (2)||ERC|
|4 September 1936||4 November 1936||José Tomás Piera (2)||ERC|
|4 November 1936||17 May 1937||Anastasio de Gracia (4)||PSOE|
|17 May 1937||1 April 1939||Jaume Aiguader (5)||ERC|
|Dictatorship of Francisco Franco
|3 October 1936||30 January 1938||Alejandro Gallo Artacho (6)|
|30 January 1938||9 August 1939||Pedro González-Bueno y Bocos (13)|
|9 August 1939||20 May 1941||Joaquín Benjumea Burín (7)|
|20 May 1941||25 February 1957||José Antonio Girón de Velasco (6)|
|25 February 1957||10 July 1962||Fermín Sanz-Orrio y Sanz (6)|
|10 July 1962||29 October 1969||Jesús Romeo Gorría (6)|
|29 October 1969||11 March 1975||Licinio de la Fuente (6)|
|11 March 1975||12 December 1975||Fernando Suárez González (6)|
Juan Carlos I
|12 December 1975||5 July 1976||José Solís Ruiz (6)|
|5 July 1976||4 July 1977||Álvaro Rengifo Calderón (6)|
|4 July 1977||28 February 1978||Manuel Jiménez de Parga Cabrera (6)||UCD|
|28 February 1978||3 May 1980||Rafael Calvo Ortega (6)||UCD|
|3 May 1980||9 September 1980||Salvador Sánchez Terán Hernández (6)||UCD|
|9 September 1980||26 February 1981||Félix Manuel Pérez Miyares (6)||UCD|
|26 February 1981||2 December 1981||Jesús Sancho Rof (8)||UCD|
|2 December 1981||2 December 1982||Santiago Rodríguez Miranda (9)||UCD|
|3 December 1982||25 July 1986||Joaquín Almunia Amann (9)||PSOE|
|26 July 1986||2 May 1990||Manuel Chaves González (9)||PSOE|
|2 May 1990||12 July 1993||Luis Martínez Noval (9)||PSOE|
|13 July 1993||5 May 1996||José Antonio Griñán Martínez (9)||PSOE|
|6 May 1996||20 January 1999||Javier Arenas Bocanegra (10)||PP|
|20 January 1999||21 February 2000||Manuel Pimentel Siles (10)||PP|
|21 February 2000||10 July 2002||Juan Carlos Aparicio Pérez (10)||PP|
|10 July 2002||17 April 2004||Eduardo Zaplana (10)||PP|
|18 April 2004||12 April 2008||Jesús Caldera Sánchez-Capitán (10)||PSOE|
|12 April 2008||20 October 2010||Celestino Corbacho (11)||PSOE|
|20 October 2010||22 December 2011||Valeriano Gómez (11)||PSOE|
|22 December 2011||Incumbent||Fátima Báñez (9)||PP|
(1) Ministry of Labor and Social Protection
(2) Ministry of Labor, Heath and Social Protection
(3) Ministry of Labor, Health and Justice
(4) Ministry of Labor and Protection
(5) Ministry of Labor and Social Attendance
(6) Ministry of Labor
(7) Ministry of Agriculture and Labor
(8) Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Security
(9) Ministry of Employment and Social Security
(10) Ministry of Labor Social Affairs
(11) Ministry of Labor and Immigration
(12) Ministry of Labor, Commerce and Industry
(13) Ministry of Trade Union Action and Organization
- Spanish Government, Ministry of the Treasury. "General Budget of the State" (PDF).
- Gallego, José Andrés (1982). Revolución y restauración, 1868-1931. RIALP. ISBN 9788432121135.
- Tuñón de Lara, Manuel; Elorza, Antonio (1986). La crisis de la restauración. Spain: SIGLO XXI. ISBN 9788432305641.
- Authors, Several Authors. La Segunda República y la Guerra (3 ed.). RIALP. ISBN 9788432121159.
- Royal Decree 415/2016, of 3 November, which restructures the Ministerial departments.
- Royal Decree 343/2012 of 10 February, which develops the basic organizational structure of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security.