Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
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|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
|Headquarters||Indira Paryavaran Bhavan, Jorbagh Road, New Delhi|
|Annual budget||₹2,675.42 crore (US$370 million) (2018-19 est.)|
|Part of a series on the|
|Wildlife of India|
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is an Indian government ministry. The ministry portfolio is currently held by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
The ministry is responsible for planning, promoting, coordinating, and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in the country. The main activities undertaken by the ministry include conservation and survey of the flora of India and fauna of India, forests and other wilderness areas; prevention and control of pollution; afforestation, and land degradation mitigation. It is responsible for the administration of the national parks of India.
Environmental debates were first introduced into the national political agenda during Indira Gandhi's first term as Prime Minister of India. The 4th Five-Year Plan (1969–74), for example, proclaimed "harmonious development [...] on the basis of a comprehensive appraisal of environmental issues." In 1976 (during the Emergency) by 42nd constitutional amendment, Gandhi added Article 48A to the constitution stating that: "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country." The same decree transferred wildlife and forests from state list to concurrent list of the constitution (same amendment), thus giving the central government the power to overrule state decisions on that matter. Such political and constitutional changes prepared the groundwork for the creation of a federal Department of Environment in 1980, turned into the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985. Although tackling climate change was already a responsibility of the ministry, its priority was raised when in May 2014 the ministry was renamed to the current title of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- Indian Forest Service (IFoS)
- Subordinate offices
- Andaman & Nicobar Islands Forest and Plantation Development Corporation (Public Sector Undertaking)
- Animal Welfare Board of India , Chennai
- Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Kolkata
- Central Pollution Control Board
- Directorate of Forest Education (DFE), Dehradun
- Forest Survey of India (FSI), Dehradun
- Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA), Dehradun
- National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board
- National Board of Wildlife
- National Institute of Animal Welfare
- National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), New Delhi
- National Zoological Park (NZP), New Delhi
- Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata
- Centres of excellence
- Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad
- C. P. R. Environmental Education Centre, Chennai
- Centre for Animals and Environment, Bangalore
- Centre of Excellence in Environmental Economics, Chennai
- Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, Bangalore
- Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore
- Centre for Environmental Management of Degraded Ecosystem, Delhi
- Centre for Mining Environment, Dhanbad
- Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON), Coimbatore
- Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram
- Autonomous institutions
- G. B.Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Almora
- Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal
- Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute, Bengaluru
- Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment, New Delhi
- Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), Dehradun
List of environment ministers of India
|2016–2017||Anil Madhav Dave|
|2017- till date||Dr. Harsh Vardhan|
- Department of Environment and Forests (Tamil Nadu)
- Van Vigyan Kendra (VVK) Forest Science Centres
- "Contact Us | Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India". Moef.gov.in. 2015-07-31. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- "MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE DEMAND NO. 27 : Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change" (PDF). Indiabudget.gov.in. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- "Following Anil Daves death, Dr Harsh Vardhan gets additional charge of environment". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- Sanjeev Khagram (2004) "Dams and Development", New York, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-8907-5
- "Ministry of environment and forests undergoes a nomenclature change". The Economic Times. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
- "Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute | Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India". Envfor.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-16.