Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (Brazil)

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Ministry of Environment and Climate Change
Portuguese: Ministério do Meio Ambiente e Mudança do Clima
Agency overview
Formed14 January 1974; 50 years ago (1974-01-14)
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionFederal government of Brazil
HeadquartersEsplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco B
Brasília, Federal District
Annual budget$3.63 b BRL (2023)[1]
Agency executives
  • Marina Silva, Minister
  • João Paulo Capobianco, Executive-Secretary
  • Rita Guimarães Mesquita, Secretary of Biodiversity, Forests and Animal Rights
  • Adalberto Maluf Filho, Secretary of Urban Environment and Enviromental Quality
  • Ana Toni, Secretary of Climate Change
  • Carina Mendonça, Secretary of Bioeconomy
  • Edel Santiago, Secretary of Traditional People and Communities and Sustainable Rural Development
Websitewww.gov.br/mma/

The Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (Portuguese: Ministério do Meio Ambiente e Mudança do Clima, abbreviated MMA) is a cabinet-level federal ministry in Brazil. The ministry emerged from the Special Secretariat for the Environment within the now-extinct Ministry of the Interior from 1974 to 1985. It has gone through several name changes since its inception.

Responsibilities[edit]

  • National Environmental Policy
  • Environmental policies and programs for the Amazon and other Brazilian biomes
  • Water resources policy
  • National water security policy
  • Policies for the preservation, conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems, biodiversity and forests
  • Policies for integrating environmental protection with economic production
  • Regulatory and economic strategies, mechanisms and instruments for improving environmental quality and the sustainable use of natural resources
  • National policy on climate change
  • Ecological-economic zoning and other territorial planning instruments, including marine spatial planning, in articulation with other competent Ministries
  • Management of public forests for sustainable production
  • Management of the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) at the federal level
  • Policies for the integration between environmental policy and energy policy
  • Policies for the protection and recovery of native vegetation
  • Environmental quality of human settlements, in conjunction with the Ministry of Cities
  • National environmental education policy, in conjunction with the Ministry of Education
  • Shared management of fisheries resources, in conjunction with the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture

Structure[edit]

Councils[edit]

  • National Council for the Environment (CONAMA)  ;
  • National Water Resources Council (CNRH)  ;
  • Genetic Heritage Management Council (CGen)  ;
  • National Council for the Legal Amazon (CONAMAZ)  ;
  • National Rubber Council (CNB)  ;
  • National Commission to Combat Desertification (CNCD)  ;
  • Steering Committee of the National Fund on Climate Change  ;
  • Deliberative Council of the National Environment Fund
  • National Council of Traditional Peoples and Communities (CNPCT)

Secretariats[edit]

  • Executive Secretary
  • National Secretariat for Biodiversity, Forests and Animal Rights
  • National Secretariat for Urban Environment and Environmental Quality
  • National Secretariat for Climate Change
  • National Bioeconomy Secretariat
  • National Secretariat of Traditional Peoples and Communities and Sustainable Rural Development
  • Extraordinary Secretariat for Deforestation Control and Territorial Environmental Planning
  • National Secretariat for Biodiversity, Forests and Animal Rights
  • Brazilian Forest Service

Linked Entities[edit]

List of Environmental Ministers[edit]

No. Portrait Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party President
1
Paulo Nogueira Neto
Paulo Nogueira Neto
(1922–2019)
14 January 1974 (1974-01-14)15 March 1985 (1985-03-15)11 years, 60 days IndependentEmílio Garrastazu Médici (ARENA)
Ernesto Geisel (ARENA)
João Figueiredo (ARENA)
2
Flávio Rios Peixoto da Silveira
Flávio Rios Peixoto da Silveira
(born 1945)
15 March 1985 (1985-03-15)14 February 1986 (1986-02-14)336 days IndependentJosé Sarney (MDB)
Deni Liney Schwartz
Deni Liney Schwartz
(born 1938)
Acting
14 February 1986 (1986-02-14)23 October 1987 (1987-10-23)1 year, 251 days IndependentJosé Sarney (MDB)
3
Prisco Viana
Prisco Viana
(1932–2015)
23 October 1987 (1987-10-23)15 February 1989 (1989-02-15)1 year, 115 days MDBJosé Sarney (MDB)
4
Ben-hur Luttembarck Batalha
Ben-hur Luttembarck Batalha
(1943–2000)
15 February 1989 (1989-02-15)15 March 1990 (1990-03-15)1 year, 28 days IndependentJosé Sarney (MDB)
5
José Lutzenberger
José Lutzenberger
(1926–2002)
15 March 1990 (1990-03-15)23 March 1992 (1992-03-23)2 years, 8 days IndependentFernando Collor (PRN)
José Goldemberg
José Goldemberg
(born 1928)
Acting
23 March 1992 (1992-03-23)14 July 1992 (1992-07-14)113 days IndependentFernando Collor (PRN)
6
Flávio Miragaia Perri
Flávio Miragaia Perri
(born 1940)
14 July 1992 (1992-07-14)2 October 1992 (1992-10-02)80 days IndependentFernando Collor (PRN)
7
Fernando Coutinho Jorge
Fernando Coutinho Jorge
(1939–2019)
19 October 1992 (1992-10-19)16 September 1993 (1993-09-16)332 days PSDBItamar Franco (MDB)
8
Rubens Ricupero
Rubens Ricupero
(born 1937)
14 September 1993 (1993-09-14)5 April 1994 (1994-04-05)203 days IndependentItamar Franco (MDB)
Henrique Brandão Cavalcanti
Henrique Brandão Cavalcanti
(1929–2020)
Acting
5 April 1994 (1994-04-05)1 January 1995 (1995-01-01)271 days IndependentItamar Franco (MDB)
9
Gustavo Krause
Gustavo Krause
(born 1946)
1 January 1995 (1995-01-01)1 January 1999 (1999-01-01)4 years, 0 days PFLFernando Henrique Cardoso (PSDB)
10
Sarney Filho
Sarney Filho
(born 1957)
1 January 1999 (1999-01-01)5 March 2002 (2002-03-05)3 years, 63 days PFLFernando Henrique Cardoso (PSDB)
11
José Carlos Carvalho
José Carlos Carvalho
(born 1952)
5 March 2002 (2002-03-05)1 January 2003 (2003-01-01)302 days IndependentFernando Henrique Cardoso (PSDB)
12
Marina Silva
Marina Silva
(born 1958)
1 January 2003 (2003-01-01)13 May 2008 (2008-05-13)5 years, 133 days PTLuiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT)
13
Carlos Minc
Carlos Minc
(born 1951)
13 May 2008 (2008-05-13)31 March 2010 (2010-03-31)1 year, 322 days PTLuiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT)
14
Izabella Teixeira
Izabella Teixeira
(born 1961)
31 March 2010 (2010-03-31)12 May 2016 (2016-05-12)6 years, 42 days IndependentLuiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT)
Dilma Rousseff
15
Sarney Filho
Sarney Filho
(born 1957)
12 May 2016 (2016-05-12)6 April 2018 (2018-04-06)1 year, 329 days PVMichel Temer (MDB)
16
Edson Duarte
Edson Duarte
(born 1965)
6 April 2018 (2018-04-06)1 January 2019 (2019-01-01)270 days PVMichel Temer (MDB)
17
Ricardo Salles
Ricardo Salles
(born 1975)
1 January 2019 (2019-01-01)23 June 2021 (2021-06-23)2 years, 173 days NOVO
Independent
Jair Bolsonaro (PSL)
18
Joaquim Leite
Joaquim Leite
(born 1967)
23 June 2021 (2021-06-23)1 January 2023 (2023-01-01)1 year, 192 days IndependentJair Bolsonaro (PL)
19
Marina Silva
Marina Silva
(born 1958)
1 January 2023 (2023-01-01)Incumbent1 year, 62 days REDELuiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Portaria do MPO adapta orçamento para 2023". Ministério do Planejamento e Orçamento (in Brazilian Portuguese). 16 February 2023. Retrieved 31 May 2023.

External links[edit]