Ministry of Finance (India)
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North Block, Central Secretariat
|Formed||29 October 1946|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
The Ministry of Finance is an important ministry within the Government of India. It concerns itself with taxation, financial legislation, financial institutions, capital markets, centre and state finances, and the Union Budget.
The following cadre controlling authority of the Civil Services (including Indian Revenue Service, Indian Economic Service, Indian Cost Accounts Service and Indian Civil Accounts Service) are under the administration and supervision of the Finance Ministry.
Arun Jaitley is the current Finance Minister of India.
The Union Finance Ministry of India comprises five departments.
Department of Economic Affairs
The Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) is the nodal agency of the Union Government to formulate and monitor country's economic policies and programmes having a bearing on domestic and international aspects of economic management. A principal responsibility of this Department is the preparation of the Union Budget annually (excluding the Railway Budget). Other main functions include:
- Formulation and monitoring of macroeconomic policies, including issues relating to fiscal policy and public finance, inflation, public debt management and the functioning of Capital Market including Stock Exchanges. In this context, it looks at ways and means to raise internal resources through taxation, market borrowings and mobilisation of small savings;
- Monitoring and raising of external resources through multilateral and bilateral Official Development Assistance, sovereign borrowings abroad, foreign investments and monitoring foreign exchange resources including balance of payments;
- Production of bank notes and coins of various denominations, postal stationery, postal stamps; and Cadre management, career planning and training of the Indian Economic Service (IES).
Department of Expenditure
The Department of Expenditure is the nodal Department for overseeing the public financial management system in the Central Government and matters connected with the finances. The principal activities of the Department include pre-sanction appraisal of major schemes/projects (both Plan and non-Plan expenditure), handling the bulk of the Central budgetary resources transferred to States, implementation of the recommendations of the Finance and Central Pay Commissions, overseeing the expenditure management in the Central Ministries/Departments through the interface with the Financial Advisors and the administration of the Financial Rules / Regulations / Orders through monitoring of Audit comments/observations, preparation of Central Government Accounts, managing the financial aspects of personnel management in the Central Government, assisting Central Ministries/Departments in controlling the costs and prices of public services, assisting organisational re-engineering through review of staffing patterns and O&M studies and reviewing systems and procedures to optimize outputs and outcomes of public expenditure. The Department is also coordinating matters concerning the Ministry of Finance including Parliament-related work of the Ministry. The Department has under its administrative control the National Institute of Financial Management (NIFM), Faridabad.
The business allocated to the Department of Expenditure is carried out through its Establishment Division, Plan Finance I and II Divisions, Finance Commission Division, Staff Inspection Unit, Cost Accounts Branch, Controller General of Accounts, and the Central Pension Accounting.
Department of Revenue
The Department of Revenue functions under the overall direction and control of the Secretary (Revenue). It exercises control in respect of matters relating to all the Direct and Indirect Union Taxes through two statutory Boards namely, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC). Each Board is headed by a Chairman who is also ex officio Special Secretary to the Government of India ( Secretary level). Matters relating to the levy and collection of all Direct taxes are looked after by the CBDT whereas those relating to levy and collection of Customs and Central Excise duties and other Indirect taxes fall within the purview of the CBEC. The two Boards were constituted under the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963. At present, the CBDT has six Members and the CBEC has five Members. The Members are also ex officio Secretaries to the Government of India. Members of CBDT are as follows:
- Member (Income Tax)
- Member (Legislation and Computerisation)
- Member (Revenue)
- Member (Personnel & Vigilance)
- Member (Investigation)
- Member (Audit & Judicial)
Department of Financial Services
The Department of Financial Services covers Banks, Insurance and Financial Services provided by various government agencies and private corporations. It also covers pension reforms and Industrial Finance and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise. It started the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana in 2014.
Department of Disinvestments
Initially set up as an independent ministry (The Ministry of Disinvestment) in December 1999, The Department of Disinvestments came into existence in May 2004 when the ministry was turned into a department of the Ministry of Finance. The department took up all the functions of the erstwhile ministry which broadly was responsible for systematic policy approach to disinvestment and privatisation of Public Sector Units (PSUs).
Lists of finance ministers
|Name||Portrait||Term of office||Political party
|Liaquat Ali Khan||29 October 1946||14 August 1947||All-India Muslim League||Jawaharlal Nehru
(Vice President of the interim govt)
|R. K. Shanmukham Chetty||15 August 1947||1949||Indian National Congress||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|C. D. Deshmukh||29 May 1950||1957|
|T. T. Krishnamachari||1957||13 February 1958|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||13 February 1958||13 March 1958|
|Morarji Desai||13 March 1958||29 August 1963|
|T. T. Krishnamachari||29 August 1963||1965||Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
|Sachindra Chaudhuri||1965||13 March 1967||Lal Bahadur Shastri
|Morarji Desai||13 March 1967||16 July 1969||Indira Gandhi|
|Haribhai M. Patel||24 March 1977||24 January 1979||Janata Party||Morarji Desai|
|Charan Singh||24 January 1979||28 July 1979|
|Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna||28 July 1979||14 January 1980||Janata Party (Secular)||Charan Singh|
|R. Venkataraman||14 January 1980||15 January 1982||Indian National Congress||Indira Gandhi|
|Pranab Mukherjee||15 January 1982||31 December 1984|
|V. P. Singh||31 December 1984||24 January 1987||Rajiv Gandhi|
|Rajiv Gandhi||24 January 1987||25 July 1987|
|N. D. Tiwari||25 July 1987||25 June 1988|
|Shankarrao Chavan||25 June 1988||2 December 1989|
|Madhu Dandavate||2 December 1989||10 November 1990||Janata Dal
|V. P. Singh|
|Yashwant Sinha||10 November 1990||21 June 1991||Samajwadi Janata Party
|Manmohan Singh||21 June 1991||16 May 1996||Indian National Congress||P. V. Narasimha Rao|
|Jaswant Singh||16 May 1996||1 June 1996||Bharatiya Janata Party||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|P. Chidambaram||1 June 1996||21 April 1997||Tamil Maanila Congress
|H. D. Deve Gowda|
|I. K. Gujral||21 April 1997||1 May 1997||Janata Dal
|P. Chidambaram||1 May 1997||19 March 1998||Tamil Maanila Congress
|I. K. Gujral|
|Yashwant Sinha||19 March 1998||1 July 2002||Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Jaswant Singh||1 July 2002||22 May 2004|
|P. Chidambaram||22 May 2004||30 November 2008||Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
|Manmohan Singh||30 November 2008||24 January 2009|
|Pranab Mukherjee||24 January 2009||26 June 2012|
|Manmohan Singh||26 June 2012||31 July 2012|
|P. Chidambaram||31 July 2012||26 May 2014|
|Arun Jaitley||26 May 2014||Incumbent||Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)