Ministry of Finance (Thailand)
Krasuang Kan Khlang
"The Seal of the Bird of Paradise" used as the Ministry's seal.
|Formed||14 April 1875|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Thailand|
|Headquarters||Rama VI Road, Bangkok|
|Annual budget||199,174,066,600 baht (2016)|
Considered to be one of the country's most important ministries, the Ministry of Finance has many responsibilities over public finance, taxation, the treasury, government properties, operations of government monopolies, and revenue-generating enterprises. The ministry is also vested with the power to provide loan guarantees for the governmental agencies, financial institutions, and state enterprises.
The head of the ministry is the Minister of Finance (Thai: รัฐมนตรีกระทรวงการคลัง). He is a member of the Cabinet of Thailand and therefore appointed by the King of Thailand at the advice of the prime minister. The Minister of Finance (2016) is Mr Apisak Tantivorawong.
The ministry has existed in form since the 15th century during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Then, the ministry was called the "Kromma Khlang" (Thai: กรมคลัง) and eventually upgraded to “Krom Phla Khlang” (Thai: กรมพระคลัง, sometimes written as "Berguelang" or "Barcelon" by foreign authors). The "Phla Khlang" or minister had wide ranging powers include those of taxation, trade, monopolies, tributes, and even foreign affairs.
Most of these features were retained during the Rattanakosin era. In 1855 King Mongkut signed the Bowring Treaty with the United Kingdom. The treaty exposed Siam to modern trade and international commerce; the king was forced to set customs duty rate at no more than three percent; the country was at a disadvantage, but international trade grew. Soon the king was forced to set up a customs house (Thai: ศุลกสถาน) and the Royal Mint to deal with new challenges.
During the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), the ministry took its present shape. The king issued a royal decree in 1873 consolidating all powers and agencies under one ministry with a more focused portfolio. He appointed one of his uncles, Prince Maha Mala Pamrabporapat as its first minister. The ministry finally came into its own in 1933 via the Civil Service Reform Act of 1933. The Royal Treasury Ministry was then changed to the Ministry of Finance which now consists of 10 departments and 14 state enterprises.
- Office of the Minister (Thai: สำนักงานรัฐมนตรี)
- Office of the Permanent Secretary (Thai: สำนักงานปลัดกระทรวงการคลัง)
- The Fiscal Policy Office (Thai: สำนักงานเศรษฐกิจการคลัง)
- The Treasury Department (Thai: กรมธนารักษ์)
- The Comptroller General Department (Thai: กรมบัญชีกลาง)
- The Customs Department (Thai: กรมศุลกากร)
- The Excise Department (Thai: กรมสรรพสามิต)
- The Revenue Department (Thai: กรมสรรพากร)
- The Public Debt Management Office (Thai: สำนักงานบริหารหนี้สาธารณะ)
- The State Enterprise Policy Office (Thai: สำนักงานคณะกรรมการนโยบายรัฐวิสาหกิจ)
- The Government Lottery Office
- Thailand Tobacco Monopoly
- Government Savings Bank
- Government Housing Bank
- Krung Thai Bank Public Company Limited
- Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives
- Liquor Distillery Organization (Excise Department)
- Playing Cards Factory (Excise Department)
- Export-Import Bank of Thailand
- Small Business Credit Guarantee Corporation
- Secondary Mortgage Corporation
- Student Loan Fund
- Dhanarak Asset Development Company Limited
- Economy of Thailand
- Thailand Customs
- Thai baht
- Thai lottery
- Bank of Thailand
- Stock Exchange of Thailand
- Cabinet of Thailand
- List of Government Ministers of Thailand
- Government of Thailand
- Taxation in Thailand