Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Guatemala)
|Formed||December 27, 1944|
|Headquarters||Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores |
2da avenida 4-17 zona 10
Guatemala City, Guatemala
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala is the executive office in charge of conducting the international relations of the country. This ministry can give the Guatemalan nationality, enforces the immigration laws of the country, preserves the national limits and boundaries, negotiates international treaties and agreements with other countries and preserves the copies of the ones signed by Guatemala. It is appointed by law to preserve the national interests overseas and to be part of the National Security System.
Background and History
Starting in the 19th century, right after independence from Spain was signed, the public administration was slowly organized. There was a first stage when Guatemala was a part of the United Provinces of Central America, and a second stage starting in 1847, when Guatemala became an independent, free and sovereign republic to administer its own public affairs. Through that time, the different executive offices were organized as "secretariats", following the Spanish nomenclature. This terminology included the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, which kept its name until after the Revolution of 1944. Decree #47, passed by the Revolutionary Joint on December 27, 1944, still used this category. However, when the new Constitution came into force on March 15, 1945, the Constitutional system created the Ministries of State. For that reason, Congress passed a bill for the organization of the Executive Branch, which first spoke of a Foreign Affairs Ministry, on April 25, 1945.
Currently, Guatemala holds diplomatic relations with 152 countries. It has 41 embassies throughout the World, and 4 missions in International Organizations.
|Embassy ||Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary|
|Argentina||Rony Abiú Chalí López|
|Australia||Connie Taracena Secaira|
|Austria||Antonio Roberto Castellanos López|
|Belgium||José Alberto Briz Gutiérrez|
|Brasil||Julio Armando Martini Herrera|
|Canada||Carlos Humberto Jiménez Licona|
|Chile||Blanca Rita Claverie de Scioli|
|Costa Rica||Juan Carlos Orellana Juárez|
|Cuba||Héctor Iván Espinoza Farfán|
|Dominican Republic||Rudy Armando Coxaj López|
|Ecuador||Luigi William Ixcot Rojas|
|Egypt||Luis Raúl Estévez López|
|El Salvador||Luis Rolando Torres Casanova|
|France||Marco Tulio Gustavo Chicas Sosa|
|Germany||José Francisco Calí Tzay|
|Holy See||Alfredo Vásquez Rivera|
|Honduras||Melvin Armindo Valdez González|
|India||Geovani René Castillo Polanco|
|Israel||Sara Angelina Solís Castañeda|
|Japan||Ángela María de Lourdes Chávez Bietti|
|Mexico||Arturo Romeo Duarte Ortiz|
|Morocco||Jacobo Cuyun Salguero|
|Netherlands||Gladys Marithza Ruiz de Vielman|
|Panama||Pedro Amado Robles Valle|
|Peru||Irma Verónica Araujo Samayoa|
|Russia||Guisela Atalida Godínez Sazo|
|South Korea||Herbert Estuardo Meneses Coronado|
|Spain||Fernando Molina Girón|
|Sweden||Francisco Gross-Hernández Kramer|
|Switzerland||Luis Fernando Carranza Cifuentes|
|Taiwan||Olga María Aguja Zúñiga|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Mario Estuardo Torres Townson|
|Turkey||Lars Henrik Pira Pérez|
|United Kingdom||Acisclo Domingo Valladares Molina|
|United States of America||Manuel Alfredo Espina Pinto|
|Uruguay||Antonio Arenales Forno|
|Venezuela||Sandra América Noriega Urizar|
|Mission ||Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary|
|OAS||Gabriel Edgardo Aguilera Peralta|
|UN (New York)||Jorge Skinner-Klee Arenales|
|UN (Geneva)||Carla María Rodríguez Mancia|
- Minister of Foreign Affairs (Guatemala) for a list of foreign ministers from 1945 to the present day.
- "Nuestra Historia". Minex. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Embajadas de Guatemala en el Mundo". Minex. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Misiones de Guatemala ante Organismos Internacionales". Minex. Retrieved 7 January 2014.