Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Luxembourg)
It is headed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs (French: Ministre des Affaires étrangères), a position in the Luxembourgian cabinet. The Minister for Foreign Affairs is responsible for determining Luxembourg's foreign policy and representing the government abroad.
The position of Minister for Foreign Affairs has been in continuous existence since the promulgation of Luxembourg's first constitution, in 1848. Until 1937, the position was held concurrently by the Prime Minister, thus ridding it of any true significance as an office. However, in 1937, Joseph Bech resigned as Prime Minister, but was immediately reappointed as Minister for Foreign Affairs upon Pierre Dupong's premiership. When Bech became Prime Minister again, in 1953, the two jobs were united once more. Over the next twenty-six years, the jobs were separated and united another two times. However, since 1979, the two positions have been remained in separate hands.
Since 24 March 1936, the title of Minister for Foreign Affairs has been an official one, although the position had been unofficially known by that name since its creation. From the position's creation until 28 November 1857, the Minister went by the title of Administrator-General. From 1857 until 1936, the Minister went by the title of Director-General.
List of Ministers for Foreign Affairs
|Minister||Party||Start date||End date||Prime Minister|
|Gaspard-Théodore-Ignace de la Fontaine||None||1 August 1848||2 December 1848||G T I de la Fontaine|
|Jean-Jacques Willmar||None||2 December 1848||23 September 1853||Jean-Jacques Willmar|
|Charles-Mathias Simons||None||23 September 1853||26 September 1860||Charles-Mathias Simons|
|Baron de Tornaco||None||26 September 1860||3 December 1867||Baron de Tornaco|
|Emmanuel Servais||None||3 December 1867||26 December 1874||Emmanuel Servais|
|Baron de Blochausen||None||26 December 1874||20 February 1885||Baron de Blochausen|
|Édouard Thilges||None||20 February 1885||22 September 1888||Édouard Thilges|
|Paul Eyschen||None||22 September 1888||11 October 1915||Paul Eyschen|
|Mathias Mongenast||None||12 October 1915||6 November 1915||Mathias Mongenast|
|Hubert Loutsch||None||6 November 1915||24 February 1916||Hubert Loutsch|
|Victor Thorn||None||24 February 1916||19 June 1917||Victor Thorn|
|Léon Kauffmann||PD||19 June 1917||28 September 1918||Léon Kauffmann|
|Émile Reuter||PD||28 September 1918||20 March 1925||Émile Reuter|
|Pierre Prüm||PNI||20 March 1925||16 July 1926||Pierre Prüm|
|Joseph Bech||PD||16 July 1926||5 November 1937||Joseph Bech|
|5 November 1937||23 November 1944||Pierre Dupong|
|CSV||23 November 1944||29 December 1953|
|29 December 1953||29 March 1958||Joseph Bech|
|29 March 1958||2 March 1959||Pierre Frieden|
|Eugène Schaus||DP||2 March 1959||15 July 1964||Pierre Werner|
|Pierre Werner||CSV||15 July 1964||3 January 1967|
|Pierre Grégoire||CSV||3 January 1967||6 February 1969|
|Gaston Thorn||DP||6 February 1969||15 June 1974|
|15 June 1974||16 July 1979||Gaston Thorn|
|16 July 1979||22 November 1980||Pierre Werner|
|Colette Flesch||DP||22 November 1980||20 July 1984|
|Jacques Poos||LSAP||20 July 1984||26 January 1995||Jacques Santer|
|26 January 1995||7 August 1999||Jean-Claude Juncker|
|Lydie Polfer||DP||7 August 1999||20 July 2004|
|Charles Goerens||DP||20 July 2004||31 July 2004|
|Jean Asselborn||LSAP||31 July 2004||4 December 2013|
|4 December 2013||Present day||Xavier Bettel|
- "Contact." Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved on 7 January 2012. "Contact général Hôtel Saint Maximin 5, rue Notre Dame L-2240 Luxembourg"
- Thewes (2003), p. 104
- Thewes (2003), p. 141
- (in French)/(in German) "Mémorial A, 1857, No. 49" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 2006-08-29.
- (in French)/(in German) "Mémorial A, 1936, No. 25" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 2006-08-29.
- Thewes, Guy (July 2003). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (PDF) (in French) (Édition limitée ed.). Luxembourg City: Service Information et Presse. ISBN 2-87999-118-8. Retrieved 2006-08-16.