Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Malaysia)
|Kementerian Luar Negeri (KLN)|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Malaysia|
|Headquarters||Wisma Putra, No. 1, Jalan Wisma Putra, Precinct 2, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62602 Putrajaya|
|Annual budget||MYR 620,904,400 (2017)|
|Deputy Minister responsible||
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Malay: Kementerian Luar Negeri), abbreviated KLN, is a ministry of the Government of Malaysia that is responsible for foreign affairs, Malaysian diaspora, foreigners in Malaysia, diplomacy, foreign relations, counter terrorism, bilateral affairs, multilateral affairs, ASEAN, international protocol, consular services, maritime affairs, chemical weapons. The current ministry is based in Putrajaya with Datuk Seri Anifah Aman as Minister with Reezal Merican Naina Merican as his Deputy Minister. The ministry has its own building called Wisma Putra.
- Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Deputy Minister
- Under the Authority of Secretary-General
- Legal Division
- Internal Audit Unit
- Integrity Unit
- Deputy Secretary-General (Bilateral Affairs)
- East Asia
- South and Central Asia
- Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV) and Oceania
- Southeast Asia
- Communications and Public Diplomacy
- Deputy Secretary-General (Multilateral Affairs)
- Human Rights and Humanities
- Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and Regional Cooperation
- Multilateral Economics and Environment
- Multilateral Political Affairs
- Multilateral Security and International Organizations
- International Cooperation and Development
- Deputy Secretary-General (Management Services)
- Administration and Security
- Human Resource Management
- Information and Communication Technology
- Heads of Mission (112 Missions)
- Under the Authority of Secretary-General
- Deputy Minister
Federal departments and agencies
- Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (IDFR), or Institut Diplomasi dan Hubungan Luar Negeri. (Official site)
- Southeast Asia Regional Centre for Counter-Terrorism (SEARCCT), or Pusat Serantau Asia Tenggara bagi Mencegah Keganasan. (Official site)
- Department of Bilateral Affairs, or Jabatan Hubungan Dua Hala. (Official site)
- Department of Multilateral Affairs, or Jabatan Hubungan Pelbagai Hala. (Official site)
- Department of Management Services, or Jabatan Pengurusan Perkhidmatan. (Official site)
- Asean-Malaysia National Secretariat, or Sekretariat Kebangsaan Asean-Malaysia. (Official site)
- Department of Policy Planning and Coordination, or Jabatan Perancangan Dasar dan Strategi. (Official site)
- Department of Protocol and Consular, or Jabatan Protokol dan Konsular. (Official site)
- Department of Communications and Public Diplomacy, or Jabatan Komunikasi dan Diplomasi Awam. (Official site)
- Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (IFDR), or Institut Diplomasi dan Hubungan Luar Negeri. (Official site)
- National Authority for Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), or Pihak Berkuasa Kebangsaan Konvensyen Senjata Kimia. (Official site)
- Department of Maritime Affairs, or Jabatan Hal Ehwal Maritim. (Official site)
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for administration of several key Acts:
The origin of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs began before Malaysia's independence in 1957. The groundwork for the establishment of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), as it was initially called, was initiated a year prior to Independence particularly with through the training of a batch of eleven diplomats to man the country's diplomatic missions overseas. This pioneering group was trained in the United Kingdom and Australia.
The Ministry of External Affairs was modeled after the British Foreign Office.
Initially, Malaysia had diplomatic missions in London, Washington D.C, Canberra, New York City, New Delhi, Jakarta and Bangkok. In 1963, there were fourteen Malaysian missions and twenty-five countries were represented in Malaysia (four by way of concurrent accreditation).
In 1965, the diplomatic machinery of Malaysia faced its first major reorganisation. In 1966, there was an accelerated growth pattern of the Foreign Ministry particularly with regard to the personnel and the financial allocation for its activities. That year also witnessed a change in the designation of MEA to the preferred terminology of "Ministry of Foreign Affairs" and also saw the physical relocation and consolidation of the Ministry. From its original premises at the Sultan Abdul Samad Building, the Ministry moved to Wisma Putra. The Wisma Putra Complex is based on a combination of both traditional and modern architecture.
A Foreign Service that effectively contributes towards the attainment of Malaysia's aspirations.
To uphold Malaysia's sovereignty and territorial integrity, to promote and protect its interests, and to extend effective and efficient services to the Ministry's stakeholders and clients through dynamic and proactive diplomacy.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs bears the mandate and responsibility to conduct Malaysia's foreign relations with other countries. This includes matters related to political relations, economic affairs, security matters, and social and cultural promotion. The Ministry is geared towards fulfilling its role and functions:
- upholding, protecting and promoting Malaysia’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and national interests;
- monitoring and analysing regional and global developments;
- developing and advising the Government on foreign policy options;
- coordinating a coherent position on internaitional issues with other Ministries and Agencies;
- providing consular services and assistance within the limits permitted by international law;
- articulating the Government's foreign policy positions; and
- facilitating other Ministries and Agencies in their international engagement.
The External Affairs Legislations that fall within the purview of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are:
- Diplomatic and Consular Officers (Oaths and Fees) Act 1959 (Revised 1988) [Act 348];
- Diplomatic Privileges (Vienna Convention) Act 1966 [Act 636];
- Consular Relations (Vienna Convention) Act 1999 [Act 595];
- Foreign Representative (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1967 (Revised 1995) [Act 541];
- International Organisations (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1992 [Act 485]; and
- Chemical Weapons Convention Act 2005 [Act 641].
In addition, the Federal Constitution allows Parliament to make laws related to external affairs that include:
- Treaties, agreements and conventions with other countries and all matters which bring the Federation into relations with any other country;
- Implementation of treaties, agreements and conventions with other countries;
- Diplomatic, consular and trade representation;
- International organisations; participation in international bodies and implementation of decisions taken thereat;
- Extradition, fugitive offenders; admission into, and emigration and expulsion from, the Federation;
- Passports, visas, permits of entry or other certificates, quarantine;
- Foreign and extraterritorial jurisdiction; and
- Pilgrimage to places outside Malaysia.
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