Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1976
Jurisdiction IndiaRepublic of India
Headquarters Cabinet Secretariat
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
28°36′50″N 77°12′32″E / 28.61389°N 77.20889°E / 28.61389; 77.20889
Annual budget 52,800 crore (US$7.4 billion) (2018-19 est.)[1]
Agency executives
Website [1]

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India. It is also responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in India. [2][3]

The Minister of Health and Family Welfare holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The current minister is Shri. Jagat Prakash Nadda.[4] The Ministry regularly publishes the Indian Pharmacopoeia since 1955 through Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) an autonomous body under the ministry for setting standards for drugs, pharmaceuticals and healthcare devices and technologies in India.[5]

Composition[edit]

The ministry is composed of two departments: Departments of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health Research.[6]

See also: Healthcare in India

Department of Health[edit]

The Department of Health deals with health care, including awareness campaigns, immunisation campaigns, preventive medicine, and public health. Bodies under the administrative control of this department are:

The National Cancer Control Programme[edit]

History[edit]

With the emergence of Cancer as a growing threat to Public health[8], the Indian Government, through the Ministry of Health and Welfare, initiated the National Cancer Control Program (NCCP) in 1975[9][10]. Initially, the focus of the program was prevention as its aim was to educate the population and make detection and diagnosis resources available. Another goal for the program was to increase capacity in the structures already dealing with cancer and address the short fallings of palliative care[9]. The program was subsequently revised between 1984 and 1985[8][10] to better set it up for success in its goal of reducing cancer morbidity and mortality in the country[11], mainly through primary prevention and early detection[10]. Between 1990 and 1991, the cancer control program was decentralised with the introduction of services at the district level[10]. The last revision on the NCCP intervened in 2005[10].

Achievements[edit]

Since its creation, the program has had many major accomplishments such as the establishment of the National Cancer Registry Programme in 1982[11]. Even though the registry does not cover the whole population affected by cancer, it gives the most updated information on the burden of cancer in the country and informs policies enacted to fight cancer such as provisions for additional funding to public hospitals and the creation of cancer centres in 27 regions[9]. Through the National Cancer Control Programme, the country was able to put in place effective policies to foster primary prevention such as a tobacco control policy to minimise the negative impacts from the use of tobacco[12]. The country also disposes of policies to control and prevent obesity and alcohol abuse, and policies to foster physical activity and ensure that is available for everyone[12]. Cancer screening and early detection services are generally offered in public health centres, especially for breast and cervical cancer[12]. The NCCP led to the creation of 27 cancer centres across the country, and 85 additional oncology programs in medical schools[13].

Challenges[edit]

Despite the successes, the National Cancer Control Programme is faced with numerous challenges[9]. Accessibility, availability, and affordability of cancer care resources remain a major issue faced by the program[9][14]. Problems of access are due to lack of financial means to afford the resources that are available or the lack of financial to make the decisions that would reduce the risks of developing the disease. These include lifestyle decisions such as smoking, alcohol consumption and nutrition patterns. Availability is a major problem particularly in rural areas because the resources are concentrated in cities and solving the geographical gap between resources such as facilities and personal remains a challenge for the NCCP[12].

Department of Family Welfare[edit]

The Department of Family Welfare (FW) is responsible for aspects relating to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health, pediatrics, information, education and communications; cooperation with NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services. The Department of Family Welfare is responsible for:

Department of AAYUSH[edit]

Department of AYUSH is no more under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, it has elevated as Ministry of AYUSH with effect from 9 November 2014.

The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) deals with ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine), yoga, naturopathy, unani, siddha, and homoeopathy, and other alternative medicine systems. Now 'Sowa-Rigpa' the tibetian medicine system also has been added in AYUSH

The department was established in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy (ISM&H). The department is charged with upholding education standards in the Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy colleges, strengthening research, promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants used, and working on Pharmacopoeia standards. Bodies under the control of the Department of AYUSH are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019. 
  2. ^ "Suspension of anti-diabetes drug takes industry by surprise". The Hindu. June 27, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Let the science decide", The Hindu, July 24, 2013, retrieved 1 August 2013 
  4. ^ National Portal of India : Government : Who's Who
  5. ^ "Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission". ipc.nic.in. 
  6. ^ "Departments :: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare". 
  7. ^ Rath, Goura Kishor (Winter 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 34: 8. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC 4264276Freely accessible. PMID 25538407 – via National Institutes of Health. 
  8. ^ a b "National cancer control and registration program in India.: Start Your Search!". eds.b.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2017-10-26. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Goss, Paul E; Strasser-Weippl, Kathrin; Lee-Bychkovsky, Brittany L; Fan, Lei; Li, Junjie; Chavarri-Guerra, Yanin; Liedke, Pedro E R; Pramesh, C S; Badovinac-Crnjevic, Tanja (2014-04-01). "Challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia". The Lancet Oncology. 15 (5): 489–538. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70029-4. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Rath, Goura Kishor (Oct–Dec 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 35: 288–290. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC 4264276Freely accessible. PMID 25538407 – via NIH NCBI. 
  11. ^ a b "Indian National Cancer Control Programme: Setting sight on shifting targets...: Start Your Search!". eds.a.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2017-10-26. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Cancer Country Profiles India". WHO Int. World Health Organization. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  13. ^ Rath, Goura Kishor (Oct–Dec 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 35: 288–290. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC 4264276Freely accessible. PMID 25538407 – via NIH NCBI. 
  14. ^ Gulia, Seema; Sengar, Manju; Badwe, Rajendra; Gupta, Sudeep (2016-10-28). "National Cancer Control Programme in India: Proposal for Organization of Chemotherapy and Systemic Therapy Services". Journal of Global Oncology. 3 (3): 271–274. doi:10.1200/JGO.2015.001818. 

External links[edit]