Ministry of Home Affairs (Indonesia)
|Kementerian Dalam Negeri|
|Formed||19 August 1945as Department of Home Affairs|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Indonesia|
|Headquarters||Jalan Medan Merdeka Utara No. 7|
Jakarta Pusat 10110
The Ministry of Home Affairs (Indonesian: Kementerian Dalam Negeri or Kemendagri) is a ministry of the Government of Indonesia responsible for internal matters of the state. It is headed by the Minister of Home Affairs, currently Tito Karnavian.
The Indonesian Department of Home of Affairs traces its origin to the Departement van Binnenlands Bestuur of the Dutch East Indies Government. Its main function was to oversee police force, transmigration, and agrarian matters. It existed until 1942, the year of the Japanese invasion. During the Japanese occupation (1942-1945) the name was changed to Naimubu (内務部). Its function was expanded to oversee religious, social, health, education, pedagogic, and cultural matters. Naimubu maintained its operations from its office at Jalan Sagara no. 7 Djakarta until 1945. On 19 August 1945 Naimubu was split into several departments:
- Department of Home Affairs (Departemen Dalam Negeri); at the time, still overseeing religious matters; Religious matters would eventually be handed over to the newly established Department of Religious Affairs
- Department of Social Affairs
- Department of Health
- Department of Education, Teaching, and Culture
The Department of Home Affairs was the first government department established under the Presidential Cabinet of Indonesia following independence. Due to changes of political situation and the constitution, the department was renamed several times. The nomenclature "Departemen Dalam Negeri" (Department of Home Affairs) was changed to "Kementerian Dalam Negeri" (Ministry of Home Affairs) in 2010.
The main responsibilities of the ministry are the formulation, determination and implementation of policies related to political and general governance; regional autonomy; development of regional and village administration and matters of governance; regional development and finance as well as demographics and civil records. it also reviews laws passed by provincial legislatures. The home affairs minister officially inaugurates elected provincial governors on behalf of the president.
If both the president and the vice president are unable to carry out their duties, Article 8 of the Constitution states that they are replaced by a three-person team comprising the minister of foreign affairs, minister of home affairs and minister of defence pending the selection of a president and vice-President by the People's Consultative Assembly within thirty days.
Based on Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 43/2015 the Ministry of Home Affairs has seven directorates general reporting to the minister, namely
- Directorate General of Politics and Public Administration
- Directorate General of Territorial Administration
- Directorate General of Regional Autonomy
- Directorate General of Regional Development
- Directorate General of Village Governance
- Directorate General of Regional Finance;
- Directorate General of Demographics and Civil Records
An Inspectorate General and a Secretariat General also report directly to the minister. At the next level down from the directorates general are two agencies, one for research and development and another for human resources development. Finally, there are ministerial special staff and expert staff specialising in Law and national Unity, governance, social affairs and inter-agency relations, economics and development and administrative matters and public services.
- SEJARAH 2019. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSEJARAH2019 (help)
- Kementerian/Lembaga 2020. sfn error: no target: CITEREFKementerian/Lembaga2020 (help)
- Butt & Lindsey 2012, pp. 122, 124.
- Butt & Lindsey 2012, p. 56.
- Wikisource. – via
- STRUKTUR ORGANISASI 2019. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSTRUKTUR_ORGANISASI2019 (help)
- Butt, Simon; Lindsey, Tim (2012). The Constitution of Indonesia: A Contextual Analysis. Hart Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84113-018-7.
- Kanavino Ahmad Rizqo (23 October 2019). "Tito Karnavian Jadi Mendagri, Fachrul Razi Menteri Agama" [Tito Karnavian becomes Home Minister, Fachrul Razi becomes Religious minister] (in Indonesian). Detik.com. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
- "Kementerian/Lembaga" [Ministries/Institutions]. Portal Informasi Indonesian (in Indonesian). 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
- "SEJARAH" [HISTORY]. Indonesian Ministry of Home Affairs (in Indonesian). 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
- "STRUKTUR ORGANISASI" [ORANISATIONAL STRUCTURE]. Indonesian Ministry of Home Affairs (in Indonesian). 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2021.