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Ministry of Education (India)

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Ministry of Education
Branch of Government of India
Ministry of Education
Ministry overview
Formed15 August 1947; 76 years ago (1947-08-15)
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersShastri Bhawan,
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,
New Delhi
Annual budget112,899 crore (US$14 billion) (2023–24)
Minister responsible
Deputy Ministers responsible
Ministry executive
  • K Sanjay Murthy, IAS
Child agencies

The Ministry of Education (MoE) is a ministry of the Government of India, responsible for the implementation of the National Policy on Education.[1] The ministry is further divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with university level education, technical education, scholarships, etc.

The current education minister is Dharmendra Pradhan, a member of the Council of Ministers.[2] India had a Ministry of Education since 1947. In 1985, the Rajiv Gandhi government changed its name to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), and with the public announcement of the newly drafted "National Education Policy 2020" by the Narendra Modi government, the Ministry of Human Resource Development was renamed back to the Ministry of Education.[3]


The new National Education Policy 2020 was passed on 29 July 2020 by the Union Council of Ministers. The NEP 2020 replaced the existing National Policy on Education 1986.[4] Under the NEP 2020, the name of the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) was changed to Ministry of Education (MoE). Numerous new educational institutes, bodies and concepts were legislated under NEP 2020.[5]

Department of School Education and Literacy[edit]

The Department of School Education and Literacy is responsible for the development of school education and literacy in the country.

Department of Higher Education[edit]

The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956.[6][7][8] The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities for higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform. For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian students benefit from world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government-funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions and Self-financed institutions. The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of centrally funded technical institutions: IIITs (25), IITs (23), IIMs (20), IISc Bangalore, IISERs (7 – Berhampur, Bhopal, Kolkata, Mohali, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati), NITs (31), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, IIEST, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT).[clarification needed][9]

Organisational structure[edit]

The department is divided into eight bureaus, and most of the work of the department is handled through over 100 autonomous organisations under these bureaus.[10]

University and Higher Education; Minorities Education[edit]

Technical Education[edit]

Administration and Languages[edit]

Three Deemed Universities in the field of Sanskrit, viz.[edit]



The main objectives of the ministry are:

  • Formulating the National Policy on Education and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit
  • Planned development, including expanding access and improving the quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, including in regions where people do not have easy access to education.
  • Paying special attention to disadvantaged groups like the poor, females and minorities
  • Provide financial help in the form of scholarships, loan subsidies, etc. to deserving students from deprived sections of the society.
  • Encouraging international cooperation in the field of education, including working closely with UNESCO and foreign governments as well as Universities, to enhance the educational opportunities in the country.

MoE's Innovation Cell (MIC)[edit]

MHRD's Innovation Cell, now renamed as MoE's Innovation Cell, was established in Aug 2018[17] by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) at All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to systematically foster the culture of innovation, entrepreneurship and startups in all major Higher Education Institutions in India.[18] Abhay Jere was appointed as first Chief Innovation Officer.[19][20]

Major initiatives of MIC[edit]

  1. Smart India Hackathon (SIH)[21]
  2. Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)[22]
  3. Institution's Innovation Council (IICs)[23]
  4. National Innovation and Start-up Policy for Students and Faculties in HEIs (NISP)[24]
  5. Innovation Ambassadors Program[25]
  6. MBA/PGDM program in Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Venture Development (IEV)[26]

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)[edit]

In April 2016, Ministry of Human Resource Development published the first list of rankings of Indian colleges under National Institutional Ranking Framework.[27][28][29] The entire ranking exercise involved NBA, All India Council for Technical Education, UGC, Thomson Reuters, Elsevier and INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network) centre.[30][31] The ranking framework was launched in September 2015.[32] All 122 centrally-funded institutions – including all central universities, IITs and IIMs – participated in the first round of ranking.[33][34]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "HRD Ministry Renamed as Ministry of Education as Modi Cabinet Reverses Change Made by Rajiv Gandhi". News18. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Who's Who | Government of India, Ministry of Education". www.education.gov.in. Retrieved 1 June 2023.
  3. ^ Yadav, Shyamlal (31 July 2020). "How India's Education Ministry became 'HRD Ministry', and then returned to embrace Education". The Indian Express. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Cabinet Approves National Education Policy 2020, paving way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country". pib.gov.in. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Union Cabinet Approves New National Education Policy". NDTV. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  6. ^ "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). mhrd.gov.in/. Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvananthapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Ministry of Human Resource Development (India), Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008.
  8. ^ "IIST gets deemed university status". The Hindu. 15 July 2008. Archived from the original on 18 July 2008.
  9. ^ "MHRD Funded Technical Institutions |". Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014..
  10. ^ ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Archived 29 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine Department of Higher Education.
  11. ^ Technical Education Overview Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine Dept of Ed.
  12. ^ National Level Councils Archived 1 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine Tech Ed.
  13. ^ Council of Architecture website. Coa.gov.in (1 September 1972). Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Technical Education – Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development".
  15. ^ "NITTTRs | Government of India, All India Council for Technical Education". www.aicte-india.org.
  16. ^ "National University of Educational Planning and Administration". Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  17. ^ "Innovation cell at AICTE formed". Deccan Chronicle. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  18. ^ "About MHRD'S Innovation Cell | MHRD". www.mic.gov.in. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Next generation should be problem solvers, says Abhay Jere, chief innovation officer". Hindustan Times. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  20. ^ "First Innovation Day Witnessed Huge Participation". NDTV.com. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  21. ^ "SIH". www.sih.gov.in. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  22. ^ "ARIIA | Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements". www.ariia.gov.in. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Institution's Innovation Council- An Initiative of Ministry of HRD". Institution's Innovation Council.
  24. ^ "MOE | MOE's Innovation Cell". nisp.mic.gov.in.
  25. ^ "MoE Innovation Cell". iic.mic.gov.in.
  26. ^ "MoE | MoE's Innovation Cell". iev.mic.gov.in.
  27. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2016". MHRD. 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  28. ^ "HRD Ministry announces universities ranking, JNU, HCU, IIT M, IIM B top the list". 5 April 2016.
  29. ^ Special Correspondent (4 April 2016). "University ranking: At least four TN-run universities in the list". The Hindu.
  30. ^ "JNU, Hyderabad univ among top 10 varsities: Survey | India News". The Times of India. 4 April 2016.
  31. ^ Samarth Bansal. "Claims of institutions not cross-checked". The Hindu.
  32. ^ Staff Writer (4 April 2016). "IISc ranked India's best university; IIM-B tops B-School list". Livemint.
  33. ^ "Is your institute one of India's best? Check out the best-ranked universities in India!".
  34. ^ "IIMB ranked No 1 in the India Rankings 2016 in the Management Education category – Indian Institute of Management Bangalore".

External links[edit]