Ministry of Education (India)
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|Formed||15 August 1947|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
|Headquarters||Shastri Bhawan, |
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,
|Annual budget||₹99,312 crore (US$14 billion) (2020–21 est.)|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Ministry of Education (MoE), formerly the Ministry of Human Resource Development (1985–2020), is responsible for the implementation and formulation of the National Policy on Education approved by Union cabinet of India and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit. Planned development, including expanding access and improving quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, including in the regions where people do not have easy access to education. The Ministry is further divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with a university education, technical education, scholarship, etc.
The current education minister is Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank', a member of the Council of Ministers. India had Ministry of Education since independence. But in 1985, Rajiv Gandhi government decided to change its name to Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and with the public announcement of newly drafted "National Education Policy 2020", Ministry of Human Resource Development was renamed back to Ministry of Education.
The National Education Policy 2020 was passed on 29 July 2020 by the Union Council of Ministers. The NEP 2020 replaced the National Policy on Education, 1986. Under the NEP 2020, the name of the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) was changed to Ministry of Education (MoE).[clarification needed] Numerous new educational institutes, bodies and concepts were legislated under NEP 2020.
Department of School Education and Literacy
The Department of School Education and Literacy is responsible for the development of school education and literacy in the country. It works on the "universalization of education" and for the cultivation of higher standards for citizenship among the youth of India.
Department of Higher Education
The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956. The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform. For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian students benefit from world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions. The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutions): IIITs (5 – Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur,Kurnool, Kancheepuram), IITs (23), IIMs (20), IISc, IISER (5), NITs (31), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, IIEST, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT)
- University and Higher Education; Minorities Education
- University Grants Commission (UGC)
- Education Research and Development Organisation (ERDO)
- Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR)
- Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
- Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR)
- 46 Central Universities as on 11.09.2015, list issued by University Grants Commission
- Indian Institute of Advanced Studies (IIAS), Shimla
- Technical Education
- All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)
- Council of Architecture (COA)
- 5 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) (Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Kancheepuram and Kurnool )
- 3 School of Planning and Architecture (SPAs)
- 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
- 7 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs)
- 20 Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs)
- 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
- Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (IIEST)
- Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology
- North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST)
- National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)
- 4 National Institutes of Technical Teachers' Training & Research (NITTTRs) (Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai and Kolkata)
- Ghani Khan Choudhury Institute of Engineering & Technology (GKCIET)
- 4 Regional Boards of Apprenticeship / Practical Training
- Administration and Languages
- Three Deemed Universities in the field of Sanskrit, viz.
- Kendriya Hindi Sansthan (KHS), Agra
- English and Foreign Language University (EFLU), Hyderabad
- National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (NCPUL)
- National Council for Promotion of Sindhi Language (NCPSL)
- Three subordinate offices: Central Hindi Directorate (CHD), New Delhi; Commission for Scientific & Technological Terminology (CSTT), New Delhi; and Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore
- Distance Education and Scholarships
- UNESCO, International Cooperation, Book Promotion and Copyrights, Education Policy, Planning and Monitoring
- Integrated Finance Division.
- Statistics, Annual Plan and CMIS
- Administrative Reform, North Eastern Region, SC/ST/OBC
- National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA)
- National Book Trust (NBT)
- National Board of Accreditation (NBA)
- National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI)
- National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
- National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
- National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS)
- Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS)
- Central Tibetan Administration (CTA)
- National Foundation for Teachers' Welfare
- a public sector enterprise, Educational Consultants (India) Limited (EdCIL)
- Central Tibetan Administration,(Bureau of HH the Dalai Lama),(Lajpat nagar),Delhi
- National Open School Institute (NosI)
- National Backward Krishi Vidyapeeth Solapur in India (Nbk)
- National Bal Bhavan (NBB), New Delhi
- Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JOSAA)
The main objectives of the Ministry are:
- Formulating the National Policy on Education and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit
- Planned development, including expanding access and improving quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, including in regions where people do not have easy access to education.
- Paying special attention to disadvantaged groups like the poor, females and the minorities
- Provide financial help in the form of scholarships, loan subsidy, etc. to deserving students from deprived sections of the society.
- Encouraging international cooperation in the field of education, including working closely with the UNESCO and foreign governments as well as Universities, to enhance the educational opportunities in the country.
MHRD’s Innovation Cell (MIC) was established in Aug 2018 by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) at All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to systematically foster the culture of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and startup in all major higher education institutions in India. Dr. Abhay Jere was appointed as first Chief Innovation Officer.
Major initiatives of MIC
- Smart India Hackathon (SIH)
- Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)
- Institution’s Innovation Council (IICs)
- National Innovation and Start-up Policy for Students and Faculties in HEIs (NISP)
- Innovation Ambassadors Program
- MBA/PGDM program in Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Venture Development (IEV)
Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' (31 May 2019 – Incumbent)
Ministers of State
- Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre (31 May 2019 – Incumbent)
National Institutional Ranking Framework
In April 2016, Ministry of Human Resource Development published the first list of rankings of Indian colleges under National Institutional Ranking Framework. The entire ranking exercise involved NBA, All India Council for Technical Education, UGC, Thomson Reuters, Elsevier and INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network) centre. The ranking framework was launched in September 2015. All 122 centrally-funded institutions – including all central universities, IITs and IIMs – participated in the first round of ranking.
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