Ministry of Human Resource Development

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Ministry of Human Resource Development
Emblem of India.svg
Ministry overview
Formed Grameen Bharat Hindi Prachar Mandal
Jurisdiction IndiaRepublic of India
Headquarters Shastri Bhawan,
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,
New Delhi
Minister responsible
Deputy Ministers responsible
Child agencies

The Ministry of Human Resource Development, formerly Ministry of Education (untill 25th September 1985), is responsible for the development of human resources. The Ministry is divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with university education, technical education, scholarship etc. The erstwhile Ministry of Education now functions under these two departments, as of 26 September 1985.

The Ministry is headed by the cabinet-ranked Minister of Human Resources Development, a member of the Council of Ministers. The current HRD minister is Prakash Javadekar.[1]

Department of School Education and Literacy[edit]

The Department of School Education and Literacy is responsible for development of school education and literacy in the country. It works on “universalisation of education” and for the cultivation of higher standards for citizenship among the youth of India.

Department of Higher Education[edit]

The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956.[2][3][4] The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform. For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian student benefit from the world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions. The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutions): IIITs (4 - Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Kancheepuram), IITs (16), IIMs (13), IISc, IISER (5), NITs (30), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT)[5]

Organisational structure[edit]

The department is divided into eight bureaus, and most of the work of the department is handled through over 100 autonomous organisations under these bureaus.[6]



The main objectives of the Ministry would be:

  • Formulating the National Policy on Education and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit
  • Planned development, including expanding access and improving quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, including in the regions where people do not have easy access to education.
  • Paying special attention to disadvantaged groups like the poor, females and the minorities
  • Provide financial help in the form of scholarships, loan subsidy, etc. to deserving students from deprived sections of the society.
  • Encouraging international cooperation in the field of education, including working closely with the UNESCO and foreign governments as well as Universities, to enhance the educational opportunities in the country.


Ministers of Education[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office[11] Party Prime Minister
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg 15 August 1947 22 January 1958 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
K. L. Shrimali[12] 22 January 1958 31 August 1963
Humayun Kabir 1 September 1963 21 November 1963
M. C. Chagla 21 November 1963 13 November 1966 Jawaharlal Nehru,
Lal Bahadur Shastri,
Indira Gandhi
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 14 November 1966 13 March 1967 Indira Gandhi
Triguna Sen 16 March 1967 14 February 1969
V. K. R. V. Rao 14 February 1969 18 March 1971
Siddhartha Shankar Ray 18 March 1971 20 March 1972
S. Nurul Hasan[13] Saiyid Nurul Hasan 16.jpg 24 March 1972 24 March 1977
Pratap Chandra Chunder 26 March 1977 28 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
Karan Singh Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009.jpg 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
B. Shankaranand 14 January 1980 17 October 1980 Indian National Congress (Indira) Indira Gandhi
Shankarrao Chavan 17 October 1980 8 August 1981
Sheila Kaul[14] 10 August 1981 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi,
Rajiv Gandhi
K. C. Pant 31 December 1984 25 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi

Ministers of Human Resource Development[edit]

Name[11] Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Minister
P. V. Narasimha Rao P V Narasimha Rao.png 26 September 1985 25 June 1988 Indian National Congress Rajiv Gandhi
P. Shiv Shankar 25 June 1988 2 December 1989
V. P. Singh V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg 2 December 1989 10 November 1990 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
Rajmangal Pandey 21 November 1990 21 June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar
Arjun Singh Arjun Singh.jpg 23 June 1991 24 December 1994 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao P V Narasimha Rao.png 25 December 1994 9 February 1995
Madhavrao Scindia 10 February 1995 17 January 1996
P. V. Narasimha Rao P V Narasimha Rao.png 17 January 1996 16 May 1996
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee (cropped).jpg 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
S. R. Bommai Somappa Rayappa Bommai 132.jpg 5 June 1996 19 March 1998 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Murli Manohar Joshi Murli Manohar Joshi 2.jpg 19 March 1998 21 May 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Arjun Singh Arjun Singh.jpg 22 May 2004 22 May 2009 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
Kapil Sibal Kapil Sibal.jpg 29 May 2009 29 October 2012
M. M. Pallam Raju Pallam Raju.jpg 30 October 2012 26 May 2014
Smriti Irani Smriti Irani(c).jpg 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
Prakash Javadekar Prakash Javadekar01.jpg 5 July 2016 Incumbent

National Institutional Ranking Framework[edit]

In April 2016, Ministry of Human Resource Development published the first list of rankings of Indian colleges under National Institutional Ranking Framework.[15][16][17] The entire ranking exercise involved NBA, All India Council for Technical Education, UGC, Thomson Reuters, Elsevier and INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network) centre.[18][19] The ranking framework was launched in September 2015.[20] All 122 centrally-funded institutions - including all central universities, IITs and IIMs - participated in the first round of ranking.[21][22]


  1. ^ Cabinet reshuffle on 05 July 2016
  2. ^ "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Ministry of Human Resource Development (India), Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. 
  4. ^ "IIST gets deemed university status". The Hindu. 15 July 2008. 
  5. ^ [1].
  6. ^ ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Department of Higher Education.
  7. ^ Technical Education Overview Dept of Ed.
  8. ^ National Level Councils Tech Ed.
  9. ^ Council of Architecture website. (1 September 1972). Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Technical Education - Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development". 
  11. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference mhrd was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ Minister of State till 10 August 1962
  13. ^ Minister of State
  14. ^ Minister of State
  15. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2016". MHRD. 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "HRD Ministry announces universities ranking, IIT Madras and IIM Bangalore top the list". 
  17. ^ Special Correspondent. "University ranking: At least four TN-run universities in the list". The Hindu. 
  18. ^ "JNU, Hyderabad univ among top 10 varsities: Survey". 
  19. ^ Samarth Bansal. "Claims of institutions not cross-checked". The Hindu. 
  20. ^ "IISc ranked India's best university; IIM-B tops B-School list". 
  21. ^ "Is your institute one of India's best? Check out the best ranked universities in India!". 
  22. ^ "IIMB ranked No 1 in the India Rankings 2016 in the Management Education category - Indian Institute of Management Bangalore". 

External links[edit]