The Border Guard Forces are organised in 18 border guard regiments. The Border Guard Forces are a lightly armed paramilitary unit, mostly Bedouins, responsible for border surveillance, general peacekeeping, drug interdiction, and prevention of smuggling. During the late 1980s, the force was equipped with remote sensors, night-vision binoculars, communications vehicles, and high-speed motorboats. The Border Guard Forces apparently used to be under the Ministry of Defence, but at some point before 2007 were transferred to the Ministry of the Interior.
As of 30 January 2011, Egyptian protesters besieged the building of the Ministry of interior. The Army negotiated a settlement with the staff and protestors, whereby the Cairo staff leave the building peaceful while the army protects the building.