Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
|საქართველოს შინაგან საქმეთა სამინისტრო|
Logo Ministry of Internal Affairs
|Headquarters||Gulua Str. N10, Tbilisi, Georgia 0102|
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia (MIA, Georgian: საქართველოს შინაგან საქმეთა სამინისტრო) is a state law enforcement agency of Georgia. It is divided in several sub branches, such as the Patrol Police, the Counter Intelligence Department, the Counter Terror Center, Anti-Corruption Agency, State Security Agency (SUS), the Operative-Technical Department,the Legal Division, the Special Tasks Main Division, the General Inspections Bureau, the Central Criminal Police Department, the Security Police, the Border Police and the Police Academy.
The Ministry of Interior was always present during the soviet rule as local administrative institution for observation and oppression of political and foreign threats. However it evolved after Georgia's independence in 1991 into a self-acting independent institution which was tasked to guarantee constitutional stability. Since then it was always engaged in conflicts or controversial events in connection to high officials but at the same time did also constantly provide force and resources for the global war on criminality and terror. The MIA was further responsible for undermining the trade with Uranium and made successful achievements in the region.
Anti terror units were or are engaged in Afghanistan since 2001 and later in Iraq in 2003-2005.
In 2005, Vladimir Arutyunian attempted to assassinate US President George W. Bush during his visit in Georgia. After the failed grenade throw at the speech of both presidents, he was caught by commandos of the Counter Terrorist Center two months later. During the operation the head of the Counterintelligence Department was shot when he was approaching the already wounded suspect.
Internal Forces were heavily engaged in the 2008 South Ossetia War, losing several police officers with many wounded, Since then MIA personnel are securing checkpoints at the conflict zone border.
Captured Nuclear elements
In 2006 Georgian intelligence captured a diversant group carrying 100 grams of 70% enriched Uranium. The group reportedly crossed from a break away region South Ossetia that is considered to be occupied by Russian forces. 4 years later in 2010 during an anti terror operation, Georgian special forces caught two ethnic Armenians carrying 16 kg of 70% enriched Uranium. Georgia blamed Russia for illegal trading of nuclear elements claiming it being the only country that is able to have 70% enriched uranium in the eastern European and Mid Eastern Districts. The quantity of Uranium was enough to construct so called dirty bomb.
The Special Tasks Main Division supports regional police forces with special units and performs various tasks to protect public order. It is the largest formation of the branch. The Special Operations Department is divided into several sub divisions, which conduct anti-terrorist and anti-criminal operations with special weapons and tactics. In addition to that, a small Special Forces unit is maintained by the ministry’s Constitutional Security Department, which protects the state from the activities of radical/extremist-minded groups and organizations.
The Special Operations Center deploys elite tactical forces responsible for anti crime and anti terroristic operations or other similar threats against the state and human rights inside and outside the Republic of Georgia. The section is classified due to its activities.
The structures intensively cooperate with the United Nations, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other international services in the sphere of sharing information concerning terrorism and legislative issues.
Ministers of internal affairs of Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
- David Kiladze, 15 July - 11 November 1934
- Sergo Goglidze, 11 November 1934 - 14 November 1938
- Avksenti Rapava, 19 November 1938 - 26 February 1941
- Varlam Kakuchaia, 26 February - 31 July 1941
- Avksenti Rapava, 31 July 1941 - 7 May 1943
- Grigori Karanadze, 7 May 1943 - 8 April 1952
- Vakhtang Loladze, 29 May 1952 - 16 March 1953
- aleksander Kochlavashvili, 16-21 March 1953
- Varlam Kakuchaia, 21 March - 10 April 1953
- Vladimer Dekanozov, 10 April - 30 June 1953
- Aleksi Inauri, 20 Jule 1953 - 26 March 1954
- Vladimer Djandjgava, May 1954 - December 1958
- Ivan Garibashvili, 18 November 1958 - 16 August 1961
- Otar Kavtaradze, 16 August 1961 - 22 May 1965
- Eduard Shevardnadze, 22 May 1965 - 1972
- Konstantin Ketiladze, 18 August 1972 - 26 May 1979
- Guram Gvetadze, 26 May 1979 - 21 January 1986
- Shota Gorgodze, 22 January 1986 - 23 November 1990
- Dilar Khabuliani, 23 November, 1990 – December 1991
Ministers of internal affairs of Georgia
- David Salaridze (acting), December 1991 – January 1992
- Roman Gventsadze, January 1992 - November 1992
- Temur Khachishvili, November 1992 – September 1993
- Eduard Shevardnadze (acting), September 1993 - 31 March, 1994
- Shota Kviraia, 31 March, 1994 – 2 September 1995
- Kakha Targamadze, 2 September 1995 – 2001
- Koba Narchemashvili, 2001 – November 2003
- Giorgi Baramidze, November 2003 – 7 June 2004
- Irakli Okruashvili, 7 June 2004 – 17 December 2004
- Ivane Merabishvili, 18 December 2004 – 4 July 2012
- Bachana Akhalaia, 4 July 2012 – 20 September 2012
- Ekaterine Zguladze (acting), 20 September 2012 – 25 October 2012
- Irakli Gharibashvili, 25 October 2012 – 20 November 2013
- Aleksandre Chikaidze, 20 November 2013 – 23 January 2015
- Vakhtang Gomelauri, 26 January 2015 – 03 August 2015
- Giorgi Mghebrishvili, 03 August 2015 - present
- "Main". Police.ge. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- "მთავარი". Police.ge. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-10-14.[dead link]
- "სტრუქტურა და ფუნქციები" [Structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia]. Police.ge. Retrieved 2012-10-14.[dead link]
- T Turmanidze (17 August 2009). "On the Special Forces of the Georgian Ministry of Interior (MIA)" (PDF). Ministry of Interior (Georgia). Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia - Consequences of Russian aggression in Georgia". Mfa.gov.ge. 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- Borger, Julian (23 April 2010). "Russia and Georgia clash over uranium". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- "Georgia confirms uranium seizure, blames Russia". USA Today. Associated Press. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- Esslemont, Tom (2010-11-08). "BBC News - Georgia foils bid to smuggle weapons-grade uranium". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- "კონტრტერორისტული ცენტრი" [Counterterrorist Centre (Department)]. Police.ge. Retrieved 2012-10-14.[dead link]