Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
|საქართველოს შინაგან საქმეთა სამინისტრო|
Logo Ministry of Internal Affairs
|Headquarters||Gulua Str. N10, Tbilisi, Georgia 0102|
|Annual budget||₾600 million (2015)
After gaining independence on May 26, 1918 on the National Council meeting the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia was formed. Its main tasks included fighting counter-revolutionary rallies and Bolshevik propaganda, combating embezzlement of public funds, etc. On 25 February 1921, with the help of Russia, the Georgian Bolsheviks overthrew the legitimate Menshevik government of Georgia. Since this day, the independent Ministry of Internal Affairs was disbanded. By the Decision of Georgian Revolutionary Committee of March 6, 1921, the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Georgia was established. On August 8, 1941, by the Decree of the Presidium of Supreme Council of Georgian SSR, the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs and the People's Commissariat of State Security have merged into People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs. On April 15, 1953, the Supreme Council of Georgian SSR adopted a law on Transformation of state ministries of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Georgia. According to the new law, the State Security Ministry merged into the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgian SSR. On April 10, 1954, by the Decree of the Presidium of Supreme Council of Georgian SSR, the State Security Committee (KGB) under the Council of Ministers of the Georgian SSR was founded. On September 18, 1962, under the Decree of the Supreme Council of Georgian SSR, the Ministry of Internal affairs of Georgian SSR has become the republican Ministry of Public Safety. On November 19, 1968, it recovered its old name – the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Since the introduction of extensive reforms of Georgian law enforcement in 2003, the Ministry of State Security merged into the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Based on the reforms implemented during 2015, organizational and institutional separation of police and state security services was carried out. An Independent State Security Service was formed.
Special divisions and agencies
The MIA deploys numerous designated sub branches for extraordinary crisis and emergency situations. Those include special measures and rapid deployment capabilities for particular events such as unrests or biological and chemical warfare utilized against the civilian population by hostile entities. Employed especially for latter events is the Emergency Management Agency which is responsible for dealing with any kind of man-made or natural disasters. The Special Tasks Department was established for rapid response to maintain public order and security as a supportive operational force to all other divisions. Its units are among various other obligations, also tasked with protecting the vital Baku–Supsa Pipeline. The STD is also capable of performing combat operations in a supportive role for the armed forces of Georgia and did so during the 2008 war. The overall security of pipelines, however, falls under the general responsibility of the Strategic Pipelines Protection Department (SPPD). The primary surgical force against crime and terrorism are the Anti-Crime Department and Special Emergency and Operations Center. Georgia's most praised and recognized unit however, the Counterterrorism Center is no longer part of the MIA but was transferred to the State Security Service and has been frequently involved in international missions and maneuvers such as the most recent Jackal Stone 2016, as active part of global counter-terrorism efforts since the beginning of the War on Terror.
The structures intensively cooperate with the United Nations, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other international services in the sphere of sharing information concerning terrorism and legislative issues.
- Carrying out preventive measures with the aim to combat crime and other offences
- Detection and response to crime and other offences
- Protection and control of the state border (including maritime border)
- Protection of strategic pipelines
- Prevention of and fight against illegal migration
- Carrying out of licensing, permitting and registration activities
- Ensuring the Road safety
- Carrying out search and rescue activities
- Carrying out the activities in the state of emergency and in the wartime as prescribed by the law
- Implementing civil protection measures during emergencies
- Carrying out forensic activities
- Training and skills development of police and state security personnel
The Ministry is headed by a Minister, who has four Deputies.
- Central Criminal Police Department
- Patrol Police Department
- Joint Operations Center
- Border Police of Georgia (Subordinate State Agency)
- National Central Bureau of Interpol in Georgia (Department)
- Police Department of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
- Police Department of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara
- Tbilisi Police Department
- Mtskheta-Mtianeti Police Department
- Shida Kartli Police Department
- Kvemo Kartli Police Department
- Kakheti Police Department
- Samtskhe-Javakheti Police Department
- Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Police Department
- Guria Police Department
- Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Police Department
- Strategic Pipelines Protection Department
- Special Tasks Department
- Infrastructure Protection Department
- Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
- Security Police Department
- Service Agency
- Healthcare Service
- State Material Reserves Department
- Emergency Situations Management Agency (Department)
- Administration of the Ministry (Department)
- General Inspection (Department)
- Economic Department
- Logistics Department
- Human Resources Management Department
- Forensic-Criminalistics Department
- Information-Analytical Department
- Operative Department
- Research and Development Department
- International Relations Department
- Temporary Detention Department
- Public Relations Department
- Internal Audit Department
- Migration Department
- Legal Department
Ministers of internal affairs of Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
- David Kiladze, 15 July – 11 November 1934
- Sergo Goglidze, 11 November 1934 – 14 November 1938
- Avksenti Rapava, 19 November 1938 – 26 February 1941
- Varlam Kakuchaia, 26 February – 31 July 1941
- Avksenti Rapava, 31 July 1941 – 7 May 1943
- Grigori Karanadze, 7 May 1943 – 8 April 1952
- Vakhtang Loladze, 29 May 1952 – 16 March 1953
- aleksander Kochlavashvili, 16–21 March 1953
- Varlam Kakuchaia, 21 March – 10 April 1953
- Vladimer Dekanozov, 10 April – 30 June 1953
- Aleksi Inauri, 20 Jule 1953 – 26 March 1954
- Vladimer Djandjgava, May 1954 – December 1958
- Ivan Garibashvili, 18 November 1958 – 16 August 1961
- Otar Kavtaradze, 16 August 1961 – 22 May 1965
- Eduard Shevardnadze, 22 May 1965 – 1972
- Konstantin Ketiladze, 18 August 1972 – 26 May 1979
- Guram Gvetadze, 26 May 1979 – 21 January 1986
- Shota Gorgodze, 22 January 1986 – 23 November 1990
- Dilar Khabuliani, 23 November 1990 – December 1991
Ministers of internal affairs of Georgia
- David Salaridze, December 1991 – January 1992
- Roman Gventsadze, January 1992 - November 1992
- Temur Khachishvili, November 1992 – September 1993
- Eduard Shevardnadze, September 1993 – 31 March 1994
- Shota Kviraia, 31 March 1994 – 2 September 1995
- Kakha Targamadze, 2 September 1995 – 2001
- Koba Narchemashvili, 2001 – November 2003
- Giorgi Baramidze, November 2003 – 7 June 2004
- Irakli Okruashvili, 7 June 2004 – 17 December 2004
- Ivane Merabishvili, 18 December 2004 – 4 July 2012
- Bachana Akhalaia, 4 July 2012 – 20 September 2012
- Ekaterine Zguladze, 20 September 2012 – 25 October 2012
- Irakli Gharibashvili, 25 October 2012 – 20 November 2013
- Aleksandre Chikaidze, 20 November 2013 – 23 January 2015
- Vakhtang Gomelauri, 26 January 2015 – 3 August 2015
- Giorgi Mghebrishvili, 3 August 2015 – present
- Georgia, Civil. "Civil.Ge - 2015 წლის ბიუჯეტის პირველადი პროექტი". www.civil.ge.
- "Structure of the Ministry". Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- "Emergency Management Agency". Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- "შსს განსაკუთრებულ დავალებათა დეპარტამენტის დირექტორი აშშ-ს ენერგეტიკის დეპარტამენტის წარმომადგენლებს შეხვდა (EN)". Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- "Strategic Pipelines Protection Department (SPPD)". Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- "Information". ssg.gov.ge.
- "Jackal Stone 2016 strengthens ties in Georgia".
- "Fight Against Terrorism". ssg.gov.ge.
- "International Cooperation". ssg.gov.ge.
- "კონტრტერორისტული ცენტრი" [Counterterrorist Centre (Department)]. Police.ge. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
- "სსიპ-ები". საქართველოს შინაგან საქმეთა სამინისტრო.
- "სამინისტროს სტრუქტურა". საქართველოს შინაგან საქმეთა სამინისტრო.
- "პროექტები / რეფორმა". საქართველოს შინაგან საქმეთა სამინისტრო.