Ministry of Justice (Japan)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Justice Japan04s3200.jpg
The Ministry of Justice building
Agency overview
Formed February 15, 1948 (1948-02-15)
Preceding agency
  • Ministry of Justice (司法省, Shihōshō) (July 9, 1871 (1871-07-09) - February 15, 1948 (1948-02-15))
Jurisdiction  Japan
Headquarters 1-1-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Ministers responsible
Parent agency Government of Japan
Child agency
  • Immigration Bureau

The Ministry of Justice (法務省, Hōmu-shō) is one of the cabinet level ministries of the Japanese government. It is responsible for the judicial system, correctional services, household, property and corporate registrations, and also serves as the government legal representatives. The ministry also houses the Immigration Bureau.[1]

Meiji Constitution[edit]

The Ministry of Justice was established under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan in 1871 as the Ministry of Justice (司法省, Shihōshō).

Constitution of Japan[edit]

The Ministry acquired its present name under the post-war Constitution of Japan in 1952. Its responsibilities include administration of Japan's judicial system and penal system. It represents the Japanese government in litigation, and is also responsible for maintenance of government registration of families, resident aliens, real estate and corporations.

The Ministry has jurisdiction over the National Bar Examination Commission, the Public Security Examination Commission, and the Public Security Intelligence Agency. Although the Public Prosecutor's Offices are administratively part of the Ministry of Justice, they are independent from the authority of the Minister of Justice.

At the top of the ministry is the Minister of Justice, a member of the Cabinet, and he or she is chosen by the Prime Minister typically from members of the National Diet.

See also[edit]


  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6


  1. ^ Bureau, Immigration. "Immigration Bureau of Japan Website". Retrieved 2017-02-12.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°40′35″N 139°45′12″E / 35.67635°N 139.753304°E / 35.67635; 139.753304